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The Yardbirds

The Yardbirds are mostly known to the casual rock fan as the starting point for three of the greatest British rock guitarists: Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, and Jimmy Page. Undoubtedly, these three figures did much to shape the group's sound, but throughout their career, the Yardbirds were very much a unit, albeit a rather unstable one. And they were truly one of the great rock bands; one whose contributions went far beyond the scope of their half dozen or so mid-'60s hits ("For Your Love," "Heart Full of Soul," "Shapes of Things," "I'm a Man," "Over Under Sideways Down," "Happenings Ten Years Time Ago"). Not content to limit themselves to the R&B and blues covers they concentrated upon initially, they quickly branched out into moody, increasingly experimental pop/rock. The innovations of Clapton, Beck, and Page redefined the role of the guitar in rock music, breaking immense ground in the use of feedback, distortion, and amplification with finesse and breathtaking virtuosity. With the arguable exception of the Byrds, they did more than any other outfit to pioneer psychedelia, with an eclectic, risk-taking approach that laid the groundwork for much of the hard rock and progressive rock from the late '60s to the present.

No one could have predicted the band's metamorphosis from their humble beginnings in the early '60s in the London suburbs as the Metropolis Blues Quartet. By 1963, they were calling themselves the Yardbirds, with a lineup featuring Keith Relf (vocals), Paul Samwell-Smith (bass), Chris Dreja (rhythm guitar), Jim McCarty (drums), and Anthony "Top" Topham (lead guitar). The 16-year-old Topham was only to last for a very short time, pressured to leave by his family. His replacement was an art-college classmate of Relf's, Eric Clapton, nicknamed "Slowhand."

The Yardbirds quickly made a name for themselves in London's rapidly exploding R&B circuit, taking over the Rolling Stones' residency at the famed Crawdaddy club. The band took a similar guitar-based, frenetic approach to classic blues/R&B as the Stones, and for their first few years they were managed by Giorgio Gomelsky, a colorful figure who had acted as a mentor and informal manager for the Rolling Stones in that band's early days.

The Yardbirds made their first recordings as a backup band for Chicago blues great Sonny Boy Williamson, and little of their future greatness is evident in these sides, in which they were still developing their basic chops. (Some tapes of these live shows were issued after the group had become international stars; the material has been reissued ad infinitum since then.) But they really didn't find their footing until 1964, when they stretched out from straight R&B rehash into extended, frantic guitar-harmonica instrumental passages. Calling these ad hoc jams "raveups," the Yardbirds were basically making the blues their own by applying a fiercer, heavily amplified electric base. Taking some cues from improvisational jazz by inserting their own impassioned solos, they would turn their source material inside out and sideways, heightening the restless tension by building the tempo and heated exchange of instrumental riffs to a feverish climax, adroitly cooling off and switching to a lower gear just at the point where the energy seemed uncontrollable. The live 1964 album Five Live Yardbirds is the best document of their early years, consisting entirely of reckless interpretations of U.S. R&B/blues numbers, and displaying the increasing confidence and imagination of Clapton's guitar work.

As much they might have preferred to stay close to the American blues and R&B that had inspired them (at least at first), the Yardbirds made efforts to crack the pop market from the beginning. A couple of fine studio singles of R&B covers were recorded with Clapton that gave the band's sound a slight polish without sacrificing its power. The commercial impact was modest in the U.K. and non-existent in the States, however, and the group decided to change direction radically on their third single. Turning away from their blues roots entirely, "For Your Love" was penned by British pop/rock songwriter Graham Gouldman, and introduced many of the traits that would characterize the Yardbirds' work over the next two years. The melodies were strange (by pop standards) combinations of minor chords; the tempos slowed, speeded up, or ground to a halt unpredictably; the harmonies were droning, almost Gregorian; the arrangements were, by the standards of the time, downright weird, though retaining enough pop appeal to generate chart action. "For Your Love" featured a harpsichord, bongos, and a menacing Keith Relf vocal; it would reach number two in Britain, and number six in the States.

For all its brilliance, "For Your Love" precipitated a major crisis in the band. Eric Clapton wanted to stick close to the blues, and for that matter didn't like "For Your Love," barely playing on the record. Shortly afterward, around the beginning of 1965, he left the band, opting to join John Mayall's Bluesbreakers a bit later in order to keep playing blues guitar. Clapton's spot was first offered to Jimmy Page, then one of the hottest session players in Britain; Page turned it down, figuring he could make a lot more money by staying where he was. He did, however, recommend another guitarist, Jeff Beck, then playing with an obscure band called the Tridents, as well as having worked a few sessions himself.

While Beck's stint with the band lasted only about 18 months, in this period he did more to influence the sound of '60s rock guitar than anyone except Jimi Hendrix. Clapton saw the group's decision to record adventurous pop like "For Your Love" as a sellout of their purist blues ethic. Beck, on the other hand, saw such material as a challenge that offered room for unprecedented experimentation. Not that he wasn't a capable R&B player as well; on tracks like "The Train Kept A-Rollin'" and "I'm Not Talking," he coaxed a sinister sustain from his instrument by bending the notes and using fuzz and other types of distorted amplification. The Middle Eastern influence extended to his work on all of their material, including his first single with the band, "Heart Full of Soul," which (like "For Your Love") was written by Gouldman. After initial attempts to record the song with a sitar had failed, Beck saved the day by emulating the instrument's exotic twang with fuzz riffs of his own. It became their second transatlantic Top Ten hit; the similar "Evil-Hearted You," again penned by Gouldman, gave them another big British hit later in 1965.

The chief criticism that could be levied against the band at this point was their shortage of quality original material, a gap addressed by "Still I'm Sad," a haunting group composition based around a Gregorian chant and Beck's sinewy, wicked guitar riffs. In the United States, it was coupled with "I'm a Man," a re-haul of the Bo Diddley classic that built to an almost avant-garde climax, Beck scraping the strings of the guitar for a purely percussive effect; it became a Top 20 hit in the United States in early 1966. Beck's guitar pyrotechnics came to fruition with "Shapes of Things," which (along with the Byrds' "Eight Miles High") can justifiably be classified as the first psychedelic rock classic. The group had already moved into social comment with a superb album track, "Mr. You're a Better Man than I"; on "Shapes of Things" they did so more succinctly, with Beck's explosively warped solo and feedback propelling the single near the U.S. Top Ten. At this point the group were as innovative as any in rock & roll, building their résumé with the similar hit follow-up to "Shapes of Things," "Over Under Sideways Down."

But the Yardbirds could not claim to be nearly as consistent as peers like the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, and the Kinks. 1966's Roger the Engineer was their first (and, in fact, only) studio album comprised entirely of original material, and highlighted the group's erratic quality, bouncing between derivative blues rockers and numbers incorporating monks-of-doom chants, Oriental dance rhythms, and good old guitar raveups, sometimes in the same track. Its highlights, however, were truly thrilling; even when the experiments weren't wholly successful, they served as proof that the band was second to none in their appetite for taking risks previously unheard of within rock.

Yet at the same time, the group's cohesiveness began to unravel when bassist Samwell-Smith -- who had shouldered most of the production responsibilities as well -- left the band in mid-1966. Jimmy Page, by this time fed up with session work, eagerly joined on bass. It quickly became apparent that Page had more to offer, and the group unexpectedly reorganized, Dreja switching from rhythm guitar to bass, and Page assuming dual lead guitar duties with Beck.

It was a dream lineup that was, like the best dreams, too good to be true, or at least to last long. Only one single was recorded with the Beck/Page lineup, "Happenings Ten Years Time Ago," which -- with its astral guitar leads, muffled explosions, eerie harmonies, and enigmatic lyrics -- was psychedelia at its pinnacle. But not at its most commercial; in comparison with previous Yardbirds singles, it fared poorly on the charts, reaching only number 30 in the States. Around this time, the group (Page and Beck in tow) made a memorable appearance in Michaelangelo Antonioni's film classic Blow Up, playing a reworked version of "The Train Kept-A-Rollin'" (retitled "Stroll On"). But in late 1966, Beck -- who had become increasingly unreliable, not turning up for some shows and suffering from nervous exhaustion -- left the band, emerging the following year as the leader of the Jeff Beck Group.

The remaining Yardbirds were determined to continue as a quartet, but in hindsight it was Beck's departure that began to burn out a band that had already survived the loss of a couple important original members. Also to blame was their mysterious failure to summon original material on the order of their classic 1965-1966 tracks. More to blame than anyone, however, was Mickey Most (Donovan, Herman's Hermits, Lulu, the Animals), who assumed the producer's chair in 1967, and matched the group with inappropriately lightweight pop tunes. The band's unbridled experimentalism would simmer in isolated moments on some b-sides and album tracks, like "Puzzles," the psychedelic U.F.O. instrumental "Glimpses," and the acoustic "White Summer," which would serve as a blueprint for Page's acoustic excursions with Led Zeppelin. "Little Games," "Ha Ha Said the Clown," and "Ten Little Indians" were all low-charting singles for the group in 1967, but were travesties compared to the magnificence of their previous hits, trading in fury and invention for sappy singalong pop. The 1967 Little Games album (issued in the U.S. only) was little better, suffering from both hasty, anemic production and weak material.

The Yardbirds continued to be an exciting concert act, concentrating most of their energies upon the United States, having been virtually left for dead in their native Britain. The b-side of their final single, the Page-penned "Think About It," was the best track of the entire Jimmy Page era, showing they were still capable of delivering intriguing, energetic psychedelia. It was too little too late; the group was truly on the wane by 1968, as an artistic rift developed within the ranks. To over-generalize somewhat, Relf and McCarty wanted to pursue more acoustic, melodic music; Page especially wanted to rock hard and loud. A live album was recorded in New York in early 1968, but scrapped; overdubbed with unbelievably cheesy crowd noises, it was briefly released in 1971 after Page had become a superstar in Led Zeppelin, but was withdrawn in a matter of days (it has since been heavily bootlegged). By this time the group was going through the motions, leaving Page holding the bag after a final show in mid-1968. Relf and McCarty formed the first incarnation of Renaissance. Page fulfilled existing contracts by assembling a "New Yardbirds" that, as many know, would soon change their name to Led Zeppelin.

It took years for the rock community to truly comprehend the Yardbirds' significance; younger listeners were led to the recordings in search of the roots of Clapton, Beck, and Page, each of whom had become a superstar by the end of the 1960s. Their wonderful catalog, however, has been subject to more exploitation than any other group of the '60s; dozens, if not hundreds, of cheesy packages of early material are generated throughout the world on a seemingly monthly basis. Fortunately, the best of the reissues cited below (on Rhino, Sony, Edsel and EMI) are packaged with great intelligence, enabling both collectors and new listeners to acquire all of their classic output with a minimum of fuss and repetition.

Thirty-five years after their break up in 1968, original members Chris Dreja and Jim McCarty pulled together a slew of new musicians to record a new album under the Yardbirds moniker, titled Birdland, and followed it with a tour of the United States. ~ Richie Unterberger, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography


If you ever listen to Keith Relf's band with Louis Cennamo, Martin Pugh and Bobby Caldwell called Armageddon on the A&M Label released in 1975. One killer album! Kinda funny Pandora only gives credit to Beck, Clapton and Page and no one else in the Yardbirds!
Saw them in a tiny little bar in Indianapolis in 2003 -- they played so clean -- so perfect -- in this tiny litte, standing-roo m - o n l y bar..... it was a near-religio u s experience. Never ever ever forget it.
Well said classicrocke r .
Ronnie Lane A.R.M.s concert. Beck, Page & Clapton all on the same stage. Ronnie Wood even showed up for the 2 NYC shows. All 4 guitarists playing Layla, With a Little Help (with Joe Cocker singing), Feeling Alright and one other I can't remember. An amazing show. Beck by the way blew the others off the stage.
johnnyohania n
And Clapton's Cream years were his best, thanks mostly to Jack Bruce.
Clapton had a long, successful career, but I would take Page's 10 years with Zeppelin over 50 years of various Clapton arrangements .
Three of the greatest guitarists of all time on the same team, like having three Roman Gabriels on the same team, when the Rams were consitently a tought team to play against.
These dudes were bad, the best.

nik, buddy, he is a bum. Blind Faith had one album. And Cream was great not because of EC - it was the awesome players AROUND him that made him sound good. He playing is soulless and insipid. Felix Pappalardi and Jack Bruce were stellar MUSICIANS. Hell, Ginger Baker made everyone sound good because of his skills. And yes, Beck far greater, better and bestest - ask anyone who knows who the best player is. And f**k that rat s**t pub Rolling stone it is used toilet paper with ink on it...
I am amazed that three of the best guitar players that ever lived were in the same band. I'm
The 16-year-old (Anthony) Topham was only to last for a very short time, pressured to leave by his family. His replacement was an art-college classmate of Relf's, Eric Clapton, nicknamed Slowhand. Resentful towards the folks much, Anthony?

@tom1054 - Yeah, all those stupid fans, those crappy Cream and Blind faith albums, those wasted solo years. Love to hear your chops sometime. Nope, I'm busy then. Beck the best? You might have a future with the snobs at Rolling Stone.
In my brain and history knows, the YB started the invasion and knew the blues far better than any other group at the time. Too bad Eric the most over rated and talentless Crapton has to be mentioned, he contributed nothing. The rhythm section and Keith Relf made this band. And the best guitarist ever, Jeff Beck goes with out saying.
what can i say.... fallin in love at the laundromat , the juke box playin the yd birds - those were the days my friends!
Years after they were gone, we realized how great they reslly were.
Hey Pandora, put "Live Yardbirds, featuring Jimmy Page " on.
YB never got their due. These guys were the epicenter of the British wave and far more powerful than the bands that came after.
I think it goes Backwards, forwards, square and round in Over Under Sideways Down. Great attitude.
richardjones 5 2
Veyyyyyyyy cooooooooooo o o o o o o o l ! (if ya know what I mean) If ya don't then ya never saw'um live. Very cool.
What a great cover of Howlin Wolf's tune I love it. !!
By all means, the Yardbirds turned out 3 great guitarists but where is the tribute in this article to Keith Relf, a fantastic front man, singer, group leader, harmonica player and rock legend?
This freaked me out . This isnt fake . Apparentlu, if you copy and paste this on ten comments in the next ten minutes you will either get kissed or asked out if you break the chain you will see a little dead girl in your room tonight. In the next 53 minutes somone will say I love you or I'm sorry
Early YBs used music as something more than a hit factory. They studied the blues. They cherished the blues. Their religion was the blues. Like many zealots, their discussions about the blues led to the volatility and turnover of members. But their approach deeply influenced Cream and Zeppelin, and all who later embraced the blues. The questions that these other bands addressed about presenting their version of the blues were already handled by the YBs. RIP Keith Relf
it doesn't sound like the most famous of the bunch mentioned, except for perhaps Beck, were involved in their best songs.
One of the BEST BRITISH BLUES bands ever! They laid down the ROOTS for alot of musicians of course all the great musicians played in this band and they went out on their own...LOVE these guys! So kool
wish I had one of them! Maybe I should move to Blackpool! Oh Boy!
I love Evil-hearted you too!
great historical rock writing summons the essence of the band
Evil Hearted You-----grea t tune amongst many!
One of the greatest bands ever to play ROCK AND ROLL!!!
This isn't the version I've heard my whole life and it's not the version on my copy of Ultimate! I don't even thing it's The Yardbirds - definately not the original band. This isn't the first wrong version of a song I've heard on Pandora, either. What's going on? Are they playing less expensive versions to increase their proffits? That's my guess, but It's wrong to label these songs as original, when they're not.
My pee pee get's sore every time I hear this song.
The beginnings-- - - - I N T E N S E group of the times. Collectively and individually the best of what would become rock's future greatest.
penguinhead1 7
My ex used to play in a blues rock band that played a lot of Yardbird hits...he was the lead vocal as well as the drummer. Good times, just listening to the good old stuff in the decibels that would normally cause me to permanently go deaf... *giggle* I loved the sessions where I could go watch them jam.
I wouldn't be into this 60's stuff had it not been for that POS 1983 Nissan Sentra I had to drive to school. It only played AM on the radio and all I could get was Cool 1490, playing the Kool oldies.
Got yardbirds vinyl on my living room wall! love em!
They need Live Yardbirds.
tremendous songs, lyrics
Great lead singer, Great style ,no one else like them
haha yeah I had no idea the Clapton was in the Yardbirds i Feel so so dumb. Yeah go yardbirds!

Thats so cool some ppl can be so lucky
The Yardbirds played at our Senior-Junio r Prom in the spring of 1968 at The Cincinnati Convention Center. It is an amazing bit of history for St. Xavier High School.
ooooh the yardbirds were grate
louythelip20 0 0
Clapton,Beck , a n d Page. What a great day in Rock History.Seei n g the Yardbirds.19 6 7 I was only 13 and mama said you can't go to the show.And she wonders why I turned out so BAD.
Amazing how 3 great guitar players were born in one band.
Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, and Jimmy one group? Fortunately for those of us who worship the rock gods we can find three all in one place!!!!
johnnyohania n
I feel sad that Keith Relf was killed by being electricuted by an a electric guitar. BUT YOU GOTTA ADMIT THAT'S A COOL WAY TO DIE!!! So all you budding guitarists out there, BE CAREFUL.
All I can say is OMG!! My brain is home.
Check out the Songfacts interview with Yardbirds drummer Jim McCarty, where he talks about how they created that sound:
http://www.s o n g f a c t s . c o m / b l o g / i n t e r v i e w s / j i m _ m c c a r t y _ o f _ t h e _ y a r d b i r d s /
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