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Sam Cooke

Sam Cooke was the most important soul singer in history -- he was also the inventor of soul music, and its most popular and beloved performer in both the black and white communities. Equally important, he was among the first modern black performers and composers to attend to the business side of the music business, and founded both a record label and a publishing company as an extension of his careers as a singer and composer. Yet, those business interests didn't prevent him from being engaged in topical issues, including the struggle over civil rights, the pitch and intensity of which followed an arc that paralleled Cooke's emergence as a star -- his own career bridged gaps between black and white audiences that few had tried to surmount, much less succeeded at doing, and also between generations; where Chuck Berry or Little Richard brought black and white teenagers together, James Brown sold records to white teenagers and black listeners of all ages, and Muddy Waters got young white folkies and older black transplants from the South onto the same page, Cooke appealed to all of the above, and the parents of those white teenagers as well -- yet he never lost his credibility with his core black audience. In a sense, his appeal anticipated that of the Beatles, in breadth and depth.

He was born Sam Cook in Clarksdale, MS, on January 22, 1931, one of eight children of a Baptist minister and his wife. Even as a young boy, he showed an extraordinary voice and frequently sang in the choir in his father's church. During the middle of the decade, the Cook family moved to Chicago's South Side, where the Reverend Charles Cook quickly established himself as a major figure in the religious community. Sam and three of his siblings also formed a group of their own, the Singing Children, in the 1930s. Although his own singing was confined to gospel music, he was aware and appreciative of the popular music of the period, particularly the melodious, harmony-based sounds of the Ink Spots, whose influence could later be heard in songs such as "You Send Me" and "For Sentimental Reasons." As a teenager, he was a member of the Teen Highway QCs, a gospel group that performed in churches and at religious gatherings. His membership in that group led to his introduction to the Soul Stirrers, one of the top gospel groups in the country, and in 1950 he joined them.

If Cooke had never recorded a note of music on his own, he would still be remembered today in gospel circles for his work with the Soul Stirrers. Over the next six years, his role within the group and his prominence within the black community rose to the point where he was already a star, with his own fiercely admiring and devoted audience, through his performances on songs like "Touch the Hem of His Garment," "Nearer to Thee," and "That's Heaven to Me." The group was one of the top acts on Art Rupe's Specialty Records label, and he might have gone on for years as their most popular singer, but Cooke's goal was to reach audiences beyond the religious community, and beyond the black population, with his voice. This was a tall order at the time, as the mere act of recording a popular song could alienate the gospel listenership in an instant; singing for God was regarded in those circles as a gift and a responsibility, and popular music, rock & roll, and R&B were to be abhorred, at least coming from the mouth of a gospel singer; the gap was so great that when a blues singer such as Blind Gary Davis became "sanctified" (that is, found religion) as the Rev. Gary Davis, he could still sing and play his old blues melodies, but had to devise new words, and he never sang the blues words again.

He tested the waters of popular music in 1956 with the single "Lovable," produced by Bumps Blackwell and credited under the name Dale Cooke so as not to attract too much attention from his existing audience. It was enough, however, to get Cooke dropped by the Soul Stirrers and their record label, but that freed him to record under his real name. The result was one of the biggest selling singles of the 1950s, a Cooke original entitled "You Send Me," which sold over two million copies on the tiny Keen Records label and hit number one on both the pop and R&B charts. Although it seems like a tame record today, "You Send Me" was a pioneering soul record in its time, melding elements of R&B, gospel, and pop into a sound that was new and still coalescing at the time.

Cooke was with Keen for the next two years, a period in which he delivered up some of the prettiest romantic ballads and teen pop singles of the era, including "For Sentimental Reasons," "Everybody Loves to Cha Cha Cha," "Only Sixteen," and "(What A) Wonderful World." These were extraordinarily beautiful records, and in between the singles came some early album efforts, most notably Tribute to the Lady, his album of songs associated with Billie Holiday. He was unhappy, however, with both the business arrangement that he had with Keen and the limitations inherent with recording for a small label -- equally to the point, major labels were knocking on Cooke's door, including Atlantic and RCA Records; Atlantic, which was not yet the international conglomerate that it later became, was the top R&B-oriented label in the country and Cooke almost certainly would have signed there and found a happy home with the company, except that they wanted his publishing, and Cooke had seen the sales figures on his songs, as well as their popularity in cover versions by other artists, and was well aware of the importance of owning his copyrights.

Thus, he signed with RCA Records, then one of the three biggest labels in the world (the others being Columbia and Decca), even as he organized his own publishing company, Kags Music, and a record label, SAR, through which he would produce other artists' records -- among those signed to SAR were the Soul Stirrers, Bobby Womack (late of the Valentinos, who were also signed to the label), former Soul Stirrers member Johnny Taylor, Billy Preston, Johnnie Morisette, and the Simms Twins.

Cooke's RCA sides were a strangely schizophrenic body of work, at least for the first two years. He broke new ground in pop and soul with the single "Chain Gang," a strange mix of sweet melodies and gritty, sweaty sensibilities that also introduced something of a social conscience to his work -- a number two hit on both the pop and R&B charts, it was his biggest hit since "You Send Me" and heralded a bolder phase in his career. Singles like bluesy, romantic "Sad Mood," the idyllic romantic soul of "Cupid," and the straight-ahead dance tune "Twistin' the Night Away" (a pop Top Ten and a number one R&B hit), and "Bring It on Home to Me" all lived up to this promise, and also sold in huge numbers. But the first two albums that RCA had him do, Hits of the Fifties and Cooke's Tour, were among the lamest LPs ever recorded by any soul or R&B singer, comprised of washed-out pop tunes in arrangements that showed almost none of Cooke's gifts to their advantage.

In 1962, Cooke issued Twistin' the Night Away, a somewhat belated "twist" album that became one of his biggest-selling LPs. He didn't really hit his stride as an LP artist, however, until 1963 with the release of Night Beat, a beautifully self-contained, dark, moody assembly of blues-oriented songs that were among the best and most challenging numbers that Cooke had recorded up to that time. By the time of its release, he was mostly identified through his singles, which were among the best work of their era, and had developed two separate audiences, among white teen and post-teen listeners and black audiences of all ages. It was Cooke's hope to cross over to the white audience more thoroughly, and open up doors for black performers that, up to that time, had mostly been closed -- he had tried playing the Copa in New York as early as 1957 and failed at the time, mostly owing to his inexperience, but in 1964 he returned to the club in triumph, an event that also yielded one of the most finely recorded live performances of its period. The problem with the Copa performance was that it didn't really represent what Sam Cooke was about in full -- it was Cooke at his most genial and non-confrontational, doing his safest repertory for a largely middle-aged, middle-class white audience; they responded enthusiastically, to be sure, but only to Cooke's tamest persona.

In mid-1963, however, Cooke had done a show at the Harlem Square Club in Miami that had been recorded. Working in front of a black audience and doing his "real" show, he delivered a sweaty, spellbinding performance built on the same elements found in his singles and his best album tracks, combining achingly beautiful melodies and gritty soul sensibilities. The two live albums sum up the split in Cooke's career and the sheer range of his talent, the rewards of which he'd finally begun to realize more fully in 1963 and 1964.

The drowning death of his infant son in mid-1963 had made it impossible for Cooke to work in the studio until the end of that year. During that time, however, with Allen Klein now managing his business affairs, Cooke did achieve the financial and creative independence that he'd wanted, including more money than any black performer had ever been advanced before, and the eventual ownership of his recordings beginning in November of 1963 -- he had achieved creative control of his recordings as well, and seemed poised for a breakthrough. It came when he resumed making records, amid the musical ferment of the early '60s. Cooke was keenly aware of the music around him, and was particularly entranced by Bob Dylan's song "Blowin' in the Wind," its treatment of the plight of black Americans and other politically oppressed minorities, and its success in the hands of Peter, Paul & Mary -- all of these factors convinced him that the time was right for songs that dealt with more than twisting the night away.

The result was "A Change Is Gonna Come," perhaps the greatest song to come out of the civil rights struggle, and one that seemed to close and seal the gap between the two directions of Cooke's career, from gospel to pop. Arguably his greatest and his most important song, it was an artistic apotheosis for Cooke. During this same period, he had also devised a newer, more advanced dance-oriented soul sound in the form of the song "Shake." These two recordings heralded a new era for Cooke and a new phase of his career, with seemingly the whole world open to him.

None of it was to be. Early in the day on December 11, 1964, while in Los Angeles, Cooke became involved in an altercation at a seedy motel, with a woman guest and the night manager, and was shot to death while allegedly trying to attack the manager. The case is still shrouded in doubt and mystery, and was never investigated the way the murder of a star of his stature would be today. Cooke's death shocked the black community and reverberated far beyond -- his single "Shake" was a posthumous Top Ten hit, as were "A Change Is Gonna Come" and the At the Copa album, released in 1965. Otis Redding, Al Green, and Solomon Burke, among others, picked up key parts of Cooke's repertory, as did white performers, including the Animals and the Rolling Stones. Even the Supremes recorded a memorial album of his songs, which is now one of the most sought-after of their original recordings, in either LP or CD form.

His reputation survived, at least among those who were smart enough to look behind the songs -- to hear Redding's performance of "Shake" at the Monterey Pop Festival, for example, and see where it came from. Cooke's own records were a little tougher to appreciate, however. Listeners who heard those first two, rather poor RCA albums, Hits of the Fifties and Cooke's Tour, could only wonder what the big deal was about, and several of the albums that followed were uneven enough to give potential fans pause. Meanwhile, the contractual situation surrounding Cooke's recordings greatly complicated the reissue of his work -- Cooke's business manager, Allen Klein, exerted a good deal of control, especially over the songs cut during that last year of the singer's life. By the 1970s, there were some fairly poor, mostly budget-priced compilations available, consisting of the hits up through early 1963, and for a time there was even a television compilation out there, but that was it. The movie National Lampoon's Animal House made use of a pair of Cooke songs, "(What A) Wonderful World" and "Twistin' the Night Away," which greatly raised his profile among college students and younger baby-boomers, and Southside Johnny & the Asbury Jukes made almost a mini-career out of reviving Cooke's songs (most notably "Having a Party," and even part of "A Change Is Gonna Come") in concert. In 1986, The Man and His Music went some way to correcting the absence of all but the early hits in a career-spanning compilation, but since the mid-'90s, Cooke's final year's worth of releases have been separated from the earlier RCA and Keen material, and is in the hands of Klein's ABKCO label. Finally, in the late '90s and beyond, RCA, ABKCO, and even Specialty (which still owns Cooke's gospel sides with the Soul Stirrers) each issued comprehensive collections of their portions of Cooke's catalog. ~ Bruce Eder
full bio

Selected Discography


Track List: Portrait Of A Legend (1951-1964)

1. Touch The Hem Of His Garment

2. Lovable

3. You Send Me

4. Only Sixteen

5. (I Love You) For Sentimental Reasons

6. Just For You

7. Win Your Love For Me

8. Everybody Loves To Cha Cha Cha

9. I'll Come Running Back To You

10. You Were Made For Me

11. Sad Mood

12. Cupid

13. (What A) Wonderful World

14. Chain Gang

15. Summertime

16. Little Red Rooster

17. Bring It On Home To Me

18. Nothing Can Change This Love

19. Sugar Dumpling

20. (Ain't That) Good News

21. Meet Me At Mary's Place

22. Twistin' The Night Away

23. Shake

24. Tennessee Waltz

25. Another Saturday Night

26. Good Times

27. Having A Party

28. That's Where It's At

29. A Change Is Gonna Come

30. Jesus Gave Me Water


Track List: The Complete Specialty Recordings Of Sam Cooke

Disc 1

1. Come, Let Us Go Back To God

2. Peace In The Valley

3. I'm Gonna Build On That Shore

4. I'm Gonna Build On That Shore

5. I'm On The Firing Line

6. I'm On The Firing Line

7. Joy, Joy To My Soul

8. Until Jesus Calls Me Home

9. Jesus Done Just What He Said

10. Jesus Gave Me Water

11. He's My Rock (Wait On Jesus)

12. How Far Am I From Canaan?

13. Christ Is All

14. It Won't Be Very Long

19. Jesus Will Lead Me To That Promised Land

20. Just Another Day

22. Let Me Go Home

23. Jesus Paid The Debt

25. How Far Am I From Canaan?

28. Someday Somewhere

29. Someday Somewhere

Disc 2

1. End Of My Journey

3. He's My Friend Until The End

5. I Have A Friend Above All Others

6. Come And Go To That Land

9. I'd Give Up All My Sins And Serve The Lord

10. I'm So Happy In The Service Of The Lord

11. All Right Now

14. He'll Make A Way

16. Jesus, I'll Never Forget

18. Any Day Now

20. One More River

21. Nearer To Thee

22. I'm So Glad (Trouble Don't Last Always)

23. Be With Me Jesus

27. Pilgrim Of Sorrow

Disc 3

1. The Last Mile Of The Way

2. He's So Wonderful

3. Touch The Hem Of His Garment

4. Jesus, Wash Away My Troubles

5. Farther Along

6. Must Jesus Bear This Cross Alone

7. Pilgrim Of Sorrow

8. Happy In Love

10. I'll Come Running Back To You

11. Lovable

12. I Don't Want To Cry

13. That's All I Need To Know

14. Forever

15. Lord Remember Me

17. That's Heaven To Me

20. Were You There?

22. Mean Old World

24. Be With Me Jesus

25. Nearer To Thee


Track List: The Two Sides Of Sam Cooke

1. The Last Mile Of The Way

2. Touch The Hem Of His Garment

3. Jesus Gave Me Water

4. Were You There

5. Pilgrim Of Sorrow

6. He's My Guide

7. I'll Come Running Back To You

8. I Don't Want To Cry

9. Lovable

10. That's All I Need To Know

11. Forever

12. Happy In Love

13. Happy In Love


Track List: Ain't That Good News

1. (Ain't That) Good News

2. Meet Me At Mary's Place

3. Good Times

4. Rome (Wasn't Built In A Day)

5. Another Saturday Night

6. Tennessee Waltz

7. A Change Is Gonna Come

8. Falling In Love

9. Home (When Shadows Fall)

10. Sittin' In The Sun

11. There'll Be No Second Time

12. The Riddle Song


Track List: Night Beat

1. Nobody Knows The Trouble I've Seen

2. Lost And Lookin'

3. Mean Old World

4. Please Don't Drive Me Away

5. I Lost Everything

6. Get Yourself Another Fool

7. Little Red Rooster

8. Laughin' And Clownin'

9. Trouble Blues

10. You Gotta Move

11. Fool's Paradise

12. Shake, Rattle And Roll


Track List: Keep Movin' On

1. Good News

2. Rome (Wasn't Built In A Day)

3. Meet Me At Mary's Place

4. Basin Street Blues

5. Cousin Of Mine

6. Tennessee Waltz

7. Falling In Love

8. When A Boy Falls In Love

9. Good Times

10. Shake

11. Yeah Man

12. It's Got The Whole World Shakin'

13. The Riddle Song

14. I'm Just A Country Boy

15. Try A Little Love

16. There'll Be No Second Time

17. Another Saturday Night

18. Sugar Dumpling

19. That's Where It's At

20. You're Nobody 'til Somebody Loves You

21. (Somebody) Ease My Troublin' Mind

22. A Change Is Gonna Come

23. Keep Movin' On


Track List: Swing Low

1. Swing Low, Sweet Chariot

2. I'm Just A Country Boy

3. They Call The Wind Maria

4. Twilight On The Trail

5. If I Had You (I'd Be Happy)

6. Chain Gang (Remastered)

7. Grandfather's Clock

8. Jeanie With The Light Brown Hair

9. Long, Long Ago

10. Pray

11. You Belong To Me

12. Goin' Home


Track List: The Man Who Invented Soul

Disc 1

1. You Send Me

3. For Sentimental Reasons

4. Desire Me

5. Lonely Island

6. You Were Made For Me

7. Win Your Love For Me

8. Love You Most Of All

9. Everybody Loves To Cha Cha Cha

10. No One Can Take Your Place

11. Only Sixteen

12. With You

13. Crazy She Calls Me

14. I Got A Right To Sing The Blues

15. Comes Love

16. Ain't Nobody's Business

17. Little Things You Do

18. There, I've Said It Again

19. When I Fall In Love

20. Let's Go Steady Again

21. (What A) Wonderful World

22. But Not For Me

23. You're Always On My Mind

24. (Don't Fight It) Feel It

25. It's All Right

26. Twistin' The Night Away

27. One More Time

28. Don't Cry On My Shoulder

Disc 2

1. Chain Gang

2. I Belong To Your Heart

3. Teenage Sonata

4. Love Me

5. Sad Mood (Unreleased Version)

6. If I Had You (I'd Be Happy)

7. You Belong To Me

8. Sad Mood

9. Tenderness

10. That's It - I Quit - I'm Movin' On

11. Hold On

12. Cupid

13. Tenderness (Unreleased Version)

14. Don't Get Around Much Anymore

15. Nobody Knows You When You're Down And Out

16. Baby Won't You Please Come Home

17. Trouble In Mind

18. Out In The Cold Again

19. Exactly Like You

20. Since I Met You Baby

21. I'm Just A Lucky So And So

22. But Not For Me

23. You're Always On My Mind

24. (Don't Fight It) Feel It

25. It's All Right

26. Twistin' The Night Away

27. One More Time

28. Don't Cry On My Shoulder

Disc 3

1. Somebody's Gonna Miss Me

2. Somebody Have Mercy

5. Talkin' Trash

6. Movin' And Groovin'

7. Soothe Me

8. Having A Party

9. Bring It On Home To Me

10. Whole Lotta Woman

11. I'm Gonna Forget About You

12. Nothin' Can Change This Love

13. Baby, Baby, Baby

14. Send Me Some Lovin'

15. All The Way

16. Smoke Rings

17. I Wish You Love

18. Driftin' Blues

19. Little Girl

20. Cry Me A River

21. These Foolish Things

22. Frankie And Johnnie

23. I Ain't Gonna Cheat On You No More

25. Love Will Find A Way

26. Cool Train (First Stereo Release)

Disc 4

1. Nobody Knows The Trouble I've Seen

2. Lost And Lookin'

3. Mean Old World

4. Please Don't Drive Me Away

5. I Lost Everything

6. Get Yourself Another Fool

7. Little Red Rooster

8. Laughin' And Clownin'

9. Trouble Blues

10. You Gotta Move

11. Fool's Paradise

12. Shake, Rattle And Roll

13. Intro / (Don't Fight It) Feel It

14. Chain Gang

15. Cupid

16. It's All Right / For Sentimental Reasons

17. Twistin' The Night Away

18. Somebody Have Mercy

19. Bring It On Home To Me

20. Nothin' Can Change This Love

21. Having A Party


Track List: Twistin' the Night Away

1. Twistin' the Night Away

2. Sugar Dumpling

3. Twistin' in the Kitchen with Dinah

4. Somebody's Gonna Miss Me

5. A Whole Lotta Woman

6. The Twist

7. Twistin' in the Old Town Tonight

8. Movin' and a Groovin'

9. Camptown Twist

10. Somebody Have Mercy

11. Soothe Me

12. That's It, I Quit, I'm Movin' On


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Long time coming but it it is coming...Not afraid to die Yes Sam you knew
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I have always loved gospel music,once I heard gospel music from sam cooke and the soul stirrers-i knew I would love it.I love all their songs,especi a l l y "be with me jesus",wonde r f u l , h e l l o sunshine
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Baby I can't wait to hold u
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Artist come and go , but some of the greats will always remain.
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Albert walker
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Davis sister
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Jackie verdell
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Same he didn't live long enough to see it he was great
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i was born in 1947. i am white. and i loved soul music before rock and roll. i am a rockin soul lovin music gal.
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There will never be another Sam Cooke. He was a legend.
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dragonlady60 8 8
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Love the man
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Good singer
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His music moves me...
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Sam Cooke finally found His self i am glad we would have missed a God gift
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Isaiah i don't believe in game or luck what i believe is blessing and curses and ypu people need to quit playing church get real we are in last days !!!
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One of the greatest hands down
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Best vocalist
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You'll be kissed by the love of your life on the nearest Friday. If you don't post this on 5 other songs in 143 minutes you'll die in 2 days
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I wasn't a big soul guy growing up, I was an Elvis and Roy Orbison fan, the more I listen to Soul like Sam Cooke now the more I missed a lot growing up..he is great along with a lot of others from the Era..Otis Redding, Temptations ect..
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Mm. Mmm mmm mm.
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Ready for that day all the signs and wonders just look around and Lord please take the blinder off our eyes so we can see even in the Spiritual Rim Hallelujah
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I was born in 1972 and this is still the smoothest, coolest joint.
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This is one of the very best of all........Y o u had to be around in the 60's to appreciate it
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How well I remember. I was 15 and Sam Cook sent me too.
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Oh yeah..brings tears to my eyes
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This is so much childhood..s i t t i n g in my mom's bar ..listening to the ol jams
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I love you Sam Cooke
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This brings back so many of my childhood memories with my grandmother! ! Classic song!!
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Always with me sam
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He was a great singer.RIP
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Words cannot express How Much I feel for this GIANT of not only Soul music but MUSIC itself, I simply Adore him and Music has Never been the same after his passing ..xo
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Thank you Sam Cooke. You gave so very much to music, and to those of us who have the privilege of listening to you sing.
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Mr. Cooke had Amazing Talents the way he sang Gospel wow he makes YoU listen!!!! R.I.P
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Not only was his voice soooo silky smooooth- aestheticall y , in my eyes he is the most handsome and beautiful man that I have seen. Yes..I know of his weakness and shortcomings - but those were between himself, his wife, and most importantly- God. So...fine you were Mr. Cooke!
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Love Sam's song's sam the temptation ojs ewf and so on
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Listen to the lyrics - so different from the rubbish today - Sam has six grandchildre n i hope they get to listen to him
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yea ghange will come sam cooke
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R.I.P my n**ga sam cooke i might be 14 but i love your songs
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God bless sam Cooke with a beautiful voice
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Summertime as good as anybody!!
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check out Ben E. King
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good song
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What a great voice....RIP Mr Cooke....I am sure your still thrilling people in Heaven with your great voice right now....
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orderofthego r d o n s
"Lady, you shot me!"
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Right on Sam Cooke!
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We will all miss you Sam rip you soul man
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sunnydayflyn n
Sam Cooke is my dads favorite and mine too. Thanks for introducing him to me when I was a girl! 47 years later and I love him more than ever!
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I love. Sam .Cooke. he. My.. main. Man. .I Will. Miss.him
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Free Sam
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