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Salomone Rossi

August 19, 1570 - 1630
born in Mantua, Italy, composed during the Renaissance period
The guess that Salomone Rossi was born on the date given above comes from his publication of a set of canzonettas in 1589, its acrostic table of contents, and its frequent use of the number 19. But this is a number of guesses that have been made about Rossi. For instance, it has been claimed that Rossi's father was noted historian Azariah de' Rossi, which is strange since Azariah himself said in his biography (1573) that he had no surviving son. The musicologist Alfred Einstein advanced the theory that there were actually two composers named Salomone Rossi, but this had been discredited. While there are several musicians named Rossi in Mantuan history, Salomone Rossi does not appear to be related to any of them except for his sister, the famous singer who went by the stage name of Madama Europe.

What is most likely is that he spent his entire career in Mantua and was probably connected with or enjoyed the favor of the court of the Duke of Mantua. Rossi's first publication, the Canzonettas, was dedicated to Duke Vincenzo Gonzaga and its first piece is dedicated to the Duke and his Duchess. Rossi also dedicated his next publication, a book of five-part madrigals, to Vincenzo. In addition, Vincenzo exempted Rossi from the requirement to wear the yellow badge that otherwise was mandatory for Mantuan Jews. This exemption was pronounced in 1606 and Vincenzo's successor, Duke Francesco II, renewed it only six days after inheriting the dukedom. However, while he often appeared at the court as a salaried occasional musician, it does not appear that he was ever appointed to a regular position there. For one thing, the regular musicians were also members of the cappella of the Church of Santa Barbara, which both sides would have felt incompatible with his Jewish faith.

Instead, he seems to have made his career as a member of various theatrical troupes in the city. These were primarily Jewish in their personnel, but played in court and among the Christian community. He was in demand: In 1612, the Prince of Mirandola asked to engage Rossi and his musicians to come to Mirandola to play for the visiting Duke of Modena. Rossi's last published work appeared in 1628 and there is no further documentation of his history, but in 1630 troops of the Holy Roman Empire conquered Mantua, following which the Mantua ghetto was destroyed and a severe plague struck the city. It is considered likely that Rossi died in one of these sad events.

Rossi was a leader in the new Baroque styles of music and the first to publish madrigals with basso continuo parts, although otherwise the style of the five-part counterpoint found in these books is rather conservative and, in fact, he published a set of four-part madrigals rather late. He wrote light vocal music, several important sinfonias and other instrumental music, and Jewish liturgical music, such as his Hashirim asher lish'lomo (Songs of Solomon) with 33 polyphonic settings of Hebrew texts. He is credited with leading the transition from the Renaissance form of the canzonetta (with a generally homogeneous texture) into the Baroque form of the trio sonata, with its textual distinction between the upper voices and the bass line. ~ Joseph Stevenson, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Salomine Rossi: The Songs Of Solomon

Title: Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon)

1. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Let Me Open My Lips - A 7

2. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 128 - A 6

3. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 12 - A 3

4. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 111 - A 8

5. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 118: 21-24 - A 6

6. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 118: 26-29 - A 6

7. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 121 - A 5

8. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 80: 4, 8, 20 - A 4

9. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 8 - A 5

10. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 128 - A 3

11. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 112 - A 8

12. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 29 - A 6

13. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 126 - A 5

14. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): The Desert And The Parched Land (Ezsaias / Isaiah 35: 1-2, 5-6, 10) - A 7

15. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 146 - A 4

16. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 67 - A 4

17. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 128 - A 5

18. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Make Us Lie Down - A 5

19. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): No One Is Like Our God - A 8

20. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 92 - A 8

21. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): To Whom Would I - A 8

22. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 137 - A 4

23. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Lord Of The Universe - A 8

24. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): Psalm 124 - A 6

25. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): May The Living God Be Magnified - A 8

26. Hashirim Asher Lish'lomo (Songs Of Solomon): I Will Start A Song On My Lips - A 8

x

Track List: Salomone Rossi: Primo Libro Di Madragali A 4 Voci

1. Piangete, Occhi Miei Lassi, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Piangete, Occhi Miei Lassi, For 4 Voices & Continuo

2. O Quante Volt'invan, For 4 Voices & Continuo: O Quante Volt'invan, For 4 Voices & Continuo

3. Tanto È 'l Martir D'amore, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Tanto è 'L Martir D'amore, For 4 Voices & Continuo

4. Ohimé, Se Tanto Amate, For Voice & Continuo: Ohimé, Se Tanto Amate, For Voice & Continuo

5. Com'è Dolc'il Gioire, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Com'è Dolc'il Gioire, For 4 Voices & Continuo

6. O Mirtillo, Mirtillo, For 4 Voices & Continuo: O Mirtillo, Mirtillo, For 4 Voices & Continuo

7. Tu Parti A Pena Giunto, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Tu Parti A Pena Giunto, For 4 Voices & Continuo

8. In Dolci Lacci, For 4 Voices & Continuo: In Dolci Lacci, For 4 Voices & Continuo

9. Anima Del Cor Mio, For Voice & Continuo: Anima Del Cor Mio, For Voice & Continuo

10. Ahi, Tu Parti, O Mia Luce, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Ahi, Tu Parti, O Mia Luce, For 4 Voices & Continuo

11. Nel Tuo Bel Sen Si Strugge, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Nel Tuo Bel Sen Si Strugge, For 4 Voices & Continuo

12. O Dolcezz'amarissime D'amore, For 4 Voices & Continuo: O Dolcezz'amarissime D'amore, For 4 Voices & Continuo

13. Vaghe Luci Amorose, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Vaghe Luci Amorose, For 4 Voices & Continuo

14. Cor Mio, Deh Non Languire, For Voice & Continuo: Cor Mio, Deh Non Languire, For Voice & Continuo

15. Udite, Lacrimosi, For Voice & Continuo: Udite, Lacrimosi, For Voice & Continuo

16. Mia Vita, S'egli È Vero, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Mia Vita, S'egli è Vero, For 4 Voices & Continuo

17. Dolcemente Dormiva La Mia Clori, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Dolcemente Dormiva La Mia Clori, For 4 Voices & Continuo

18. Tirsi Mio, Caro Tirsi, For Voice & Continuo: Tirsi Mio, Caro Tirsi, For Voice & Continuo

19. Cor Mio, Mentr'io Vi Miro, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Cor Mio, Mentr'io VI Miro, For 4 Voices & Continuo

20. Ah Dolente Partita, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Ah Dolente Partita, For 4 Voices & Continuo

21. Ed È Pur Ver Ch'io Parta, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Ed è Pur Ver Ch'io Parta, For 4 Voices & Continuo

22. Parlo, Misero, O Taccio?, For Voice & Continuo: Parlo, Misero, O Taccio?, For Voice & Continuo

23. Amor, Se Pur Degg'io, For 4 Voices & Continuo: Amor, Se Pur Degg'io, For 4 Voices & Continuo

Comments

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superb piece by a composer worthy of consideratio n and exposure to modern devotees of choral arrangements from Kievan and later Rus, and the Imperial inheritors of their sacred music, committed to keeping it distinct from Imperial performance music, from which the great Russian Romantic composers sprung.
ChanteurOrth o d o x i e @ Y o u t u b e . c o m

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