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Parliament

Inspired by Motown's assembly line of sound, George Clinton gradually put together a collective of over 50 musicians and recorded the ensemble during the '70s both as Parliament and Funkadelic. While Funkadelic pursued band-format psychedelic rock, Parliament engaged in a funk free-for-all, blending influences from the godfathers (James Brown and Sly Stone) with freaky costumes and themes inspired by '60s acid culture and science fiction. From its 1970 inception until Clinton's dissolving of Parliament in 1980, the band hit the R&B Top Ten several times but truly excelled in two other areas: large-selling, effective album statements and the most dazzling, extravagant live show in the business. In an era when Philly soul continued the slick sounds of establishment-approved R&B, Parliament scared off more white listeners than it courted.

By the time his on-the-move family settled in New Jersey during the early '50s, George Clinton (b. July 22, 1941, Kannapolis, NC) became interested in doo wop, which was just beginning to explode in the New York-metro area. Basing his group on Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers, Clinton formed the Parliaments in 1955 with a lineup that gradually shifted to include Clarence "Fuzzy" Haskins, Grady Thomas, Raymond Davis, and Calvin Simon. Based out of a barbershop backroom where Clinton straightened hair, the Parliaments released only two singles during the next ten years, but frequent trips to Detroit during the mid-'60s -- where Clinton began working as a songwriter and producer -- eventually paid off their investment.

After finding a hit with the 1967 single "(I Wanna) Testify," the Parliaments ran into trouble with Revilot Records and refused to record any new material. Instead of waiting for a settlement, Clinton decided to record the same band under a new name: Funkadelic. Founded in 1968, the group began life as a smoke screen, claiming as its only members the Parliaments' backing band -- guitarist Eddie Hazel, bassist Billy Nelson, rhythm guitarist Lucius "Tawl" Ross, drummer Ramon "Tiki" Fulwood, and organist Mickey Atkins -- but in truth including Clinton and the rest of the former Parliaments lineup. Revilot folded not long after, with the label's existing contracts sold to Atlantic; Clinton, however, decided to abandon the Parliaments name rather than record for the major label. One previously recorded Parliaments single, "A New Day Begins," was licensed to Atco in 1969 and became a number 44 hit that May. By 1970, George Clinton had regained the rights to the Parliaments name: he then signed the entire Funkadelic lineup to Invictus Records as Parliament. The group released one album -- 1970's Osmium -- and scored a number 30 hit, "The Breakdown," on the R&B charts in 1971. With Funkadelic firing on all cylinders, however, Clinton decided to discontinue Parliament (the name, not the band) for the time being.

Though keyboard player Bernie Worrell (b. April 19, 1944, Long Beach, NJ) had played on the original Funkadelic album, his first credit with the conglomeration appeared on Funkadelic's second album, 1970's Free Your Mind...And Your A** Will Follow. Clinton and Worrell had known each other since the New Jersey barbershop days, and Worrell soon became the most crucial cog in the P-Funk machine, working on arrangements and production for virtually all later Parliament/Funkadelic releases. His strict upbringing and classical training (at the New England Conservatory and Juilliard), as well as the boom in synthesizer technology during the early '70s, gave him the tools to create the synth runs and horn arrangements that later trademarked the P-Funk sound. Two years after the addition of Worrell, P-Funk added its second most famed contributor, Bootsy Collins. The muscular, throbbing bass line of Collins (b. October 26, 1951, Cincinnati, OH) had already been featured in James Brown's backing band (the J.B.'s) along with his brother, guitarist Catfish Collins. Bootsy and Catfish were playing in a Detroit band when George Clinton saw and hired them.

Funkadelic released five albums from 1970 through early 1974, and consistently hit the lower reaches of the R&B charts, but the collective pulled up stakes later in 1974 and began recording as Parliament. Signing with the Casablanca label, Parliament's "Up for the Down Stroke" (number ten R&B, number 63 pop) appeared in mid-1974 and reflected a more mainstream approach than Funkadelic, with funky horn arrangements reminiscent of James Brown and a live feel that recalls contemporary work by Kool & the Gang. It became the biggest hit yet for the Parliament/Funkadelic congregation. "Testify," a revamped version of the Parliaments' 1967 hit, also charted in 1974. One year later, Chocolate City continued Parliament's success: the title track reached number 24 R&B, and "Ride On" also charted.

Clinton & co. ushered in 1976 with the April release of the third Parliament LP in as many years: Mothership Connection. Arguably the peak of Parliament's power, the album made number 13 on the pop charts and went platinum, sparked by three hit singles: "P. Funk (Wants to Get Funked Up)" (number 33 R&B), "Tear the Roof Off the Sucker (Give Up the Funk)" (number five R&B, number 15 pop), and "Star Child" (number 26 R&B). In addition to Bootsy Collins, the album featured two other James Brown refugees: horn legends Maceo Parker and Fred Wesley. Just six months after the release of Mothership Connection, Clinton had another Parliament album in the can, The Clones of Doctor Funkenstein. Though it only reached gold status, the LP spawned the number 22 R&B hit "Do That Stuff" and the number 43 "Dr. Funkenstein."

Several internal squabbles during 1977 apparently didn't phase Clinton at all; the following year proved to be the most successful in Parliament's history. In January, "Flash Light" -- from the Parliament album Funkentelechy Vs. the Placebo Syndrome -- became the collective's first number one hit. It topped the R&B charts for three weeks, and was followed by the number 27 single, "Funkentelechy." The LP reached number 13 on the pop charts and became Parliament's second platinum album. Early in 1979, Parliament hit number one yet again with "Aqua Boogie," from its eighth album, Motor-Booty Affair. The LP, which stalled at number 23, nevertheless became the group's fifth consecutive album to go gold or better. Parliament's ninth album, Gloryhallastoopid (Or Pin the Tale on the Funky), was released later in 1979 and showed a bit of a slip in the previously unstoppable Clinton machine. The group charted in the R&B Top Ten twice during 1980 ("Theme From 'The Black Hole'" and "Agony of Defeet"), but Clinton began to be weighed down that year by legal difficulties arising from Polygram's acquisition of Casablanca. Jettisoning both the Parliament and Funkadelic names (but not the musicians), Clinton began his solo career with 1982's Computer Games. He and many former Parliament/Funkadelic members continued to tour and record during the '80s as the P-Funk All Stars, but the decade's disdain of everything to do with the '70s resulted in the neglect of critical and commercial opinion for the world's biggest funk band, especially one which in part had spawned the sound of disco. During the early '90s, the rise of funk-inspired rap (courtesy of Digital Underground, Dr. Dre, and Warren G.) and funk rock (Primus and Red Hot Chili Peppers) re-established the status of Clinton & co., one of the most important forces in the recent history of black music. ~ John Bush, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

Comments

Dr. Funkenstein, we need you!!!
warren.clark 1 9 6 0
1978, high school Miller. Riding high
STARCHILD HERE!!!
Me lov some funk music
The Real when it was needed Funk! It saved my Placeboed life!
zissouintern 1 9 8 1
Snoop dogg is in tha motha funkin house!
zissouintern 1 9 8 1
Keeping the corps funky Duce! Semper Fi bro!
Let me put on my sunglasses, so I can see what THEY AINT looking at. STARCHILD HERE!!!
Can you have anything funkyer to drive to," HELL NO !!!!!"
Been A Funkadelic since 1967. saw them frst on T.V. I Bet You. Went to Viet-Nam with I want To Testify 1967. I out The Marine Corp in 1971 .Come home listening to Funky Dollar Bill. .Constitutio n Hall Washington,D . C . They Blew War Off Stag. Holloween. They Call me DuceMan or Duce USMC 1967-1971 SEMPER-FI. P-FUNK For LIFE
Phunkee cookies
My very first concert I attended was parlament, funkadelic with the brides of funkenstein & bootsy collins at the Oakland arena! Would you believe row 1 center aisle. What a show to witness for a 15 year old kid & his friends! Forever thankful to George Clinton for that performance! All other shows would be forever be compared to it. Forever funkadelic!
#foreverfunk
"P-Funk(Want s To Get Funked Up)"
Stone-Cold Super-Badd Super-Star Soul-Band
~H-Town~Groo v i n ' ~ W e - D o n ' t - S t o p - T h e - M u s i c ~
Ya-Dig,G-Coa s t Low-Rollazzz Reppin'
LOVE'S Disciple*978 * ~ 7 m 1 4 y ~
Let me put on my sunglasses, so I can see what Im doing. STARCHILD HERE!!!
Funk has been a way of life for me 1975- and still kickin
REMINDING ME OF BEING KID IN THE 70S I LOVE ALL 70S MUSIC FROM CHICAGO AND EVERYWHERE SMILE... THAT WHAT I CALL PLACES AND SPACES WERE I BEEN IN MY LIFE TIME SMILE..
The funk is back........ .
yes it is...
This is HEAVYWEIGHT funk. Put up your dukes.
I saw them in 1976 at the Omni in Atlanta, along with the Ohio Players. I am proud to say I was one of about 10 white people in the crowd of thousands and we had a funky great time.
Whatever zodiac sign, I'll hit the spot! Dig?
Watch me get over the hump! STARCHILD HERE!!!
LOVE IT! An old saying----Mu s i c tames the savage beast--(may not be exactly the right verbiage) this definitely describes me!
I gave up the funk back in 1971 at franklin park Dorchester Mass. And got knee deep til this day.
Dr.Dre's whole album the Chronic ripped off Parliament!!
What the funk, yesssssss...
The bigger the headache the bigger the pill...Hampt o n VA
Fonkyyy
Mother Funk you...smile
Funk
YOU FUNKIN. WIT ME!
Funk you!!!
Love them!
5 day old collard greens funk...:-!
Went with a bunch of friends from high school in' 78 to see them at Madison Square Garden in NYC. Saw a whole lot of friends there and met kids from the tri state area and New Jersey. I still keep in touch with a few today via e-mail and cell phone now. It was an experience I will never forgot.
I got to ride the mothership round-trip
Anyone on here today 04/19/2014 .. Did I see George Clinton and Bootsie in as suit. got to have them come preach at the church tomorrow. Me in the back Hell Ya
I don't think we will see anything like that again. Bootsie walked of the stage thinking someone was shooting.. or was that a part of the show. Then The Mothership coming down.. Arrowhead Stadium KCMO.
Saw the Mothership Land at the Birmingham Jefferson Civic Center 1978
pastorronf
Saw the MotherShip land at the Fabulous Forum I believe in 1976 or 77!! Actually had a simulated spaceship go from one end of the Forum to the stage...tota l l y awesome! I don't know how I lived through the night let alone the concert! Mass quantities of much much happy stuff which I won't detail here (statute of limitations and all) ;-) !!
Aint . Nothing but a party.
wow! music is not made like this anymore!!
Gonna take yo funk and make it mine!
Used to skate to this song in the 70s and still do.
Woodpecker with a headache
Saw them twice at Madison Square Garden in NYC. 15 musicians on stage dancing and getting down! The don't get enough credit for being awesome vocalists and musicians!
NYC and George Clinton's home State, New Jersey honor him and his vision! I have been a fan since I wanna testify!
To bad music today is nothing like this right here .....!!!!!
Taking me back to my past experiences in VIRGINIA. ALL GOOD THOUGHTS.!!! ! ! !
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