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Parliament

Inspired by Motown's assembly line of sound, George Clinton gradually put together a collective of over 50 musicians and recorded the ensemble during the '70s both as Parliament and Funkadelic. While Funkadelic pursued band-format psychedelic rock, Parliament engaged in a funk free-for-all, blending influences from the godfathers (James Brown and Sly Stone) with freaky costumes and themes inspired by '60s acid culture and science fiction. From its 1970 inception until Clinton's dissolving of Parliament in 1980, the band hit the R&B Top Ten several times but truly excelled in two other areas: large-selling, effective album statements and the most dazzling, extravagant live show in the business. In an era when Philly soul continued the slick sounds of establishment-approved R&B, Parliament scared off more white listeners than it courted.

By the time his on-the-move family settled in New Jersey during the early '50s, George Clinton (b. July 22, 1941, Kannapolis, NC) became interested in doo wop, which was just beginning to explode in the New York-metro area. Basing his group on Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers, Clinton formed the Parliaments in 1955 with a lineup that gradually shifted to include Clarence "Fuzzy" Haskins, Grady Thomas, Raymond Davis, and Calvin Simon. Based out of a barbershop backroom where Clinton straightened hair, the Parliaments released only two singles during the next ten years, but frequent trips to Detroit during the mid-'60s -- where Clinton began working as a songwriter and producer -- eventually paid off their investment.

After finding a hit with the 1967 single "(I Wanna) Testify," the Parliaments ran into trouble with Revilot Records and refused to record any new material. Instead of waiting for a settlement, Clinton decided to record the same band under a new name: Funkadelic. Founded in 1968, the group began life as a smoke screen, claiming as its only members the Parliaments' backing band -- guitarist Eddie Hazel, bassist Billy Nelson, rhythm guitarist Lucius "Tawl" Ross, drummer Ramon "Tiki" Fulwood, and organist Mickey Atkins -- but in truth including Clinton and the rest of the former Parliaments lineup. Revilot folded not long after, with the label's existing contracts sold to Atlantic; Clinton, however, decided to abandon the Parliaments name rather than record for the major label. One previously recorded Parliaments single, "A New Day Begins," was licensed to Atco in 1969 and became a number 44 hit that May. By 1970, George Clinton had regained the rights to the Parliaments name: he then signed the entire Funkadelic lineup to Invictus Records as Parliament. The group released one album -- 1970's Osmium -- and scored a number 30 hit, "The Breakdown," on the R&B charts in 1971. With Funkadelic firing on all cylinders, however, Clinton decided to discontinue Parliament (the name, not the band) for the time being.

Though keyboard player Bernie Worrell (b. April 19, 1944, Long Beach, NJ) had played on the original Funkadelic album, his first credit with the conglomeration appeared on Funkadelic's second album, 1970's Free Your Mind...And Your A** Will Follow. Clinton and Worrell had known each other since the New Jersey barbershop days, and Worrell soon became the most crucial cog in the P-Funk machine, working on arrangements and production for virtually all later Parliament/Funkadelic releases. His strict upbringing and classical training (at the New England Conservatory and Juilliard), as well as the boom in synthesizer technology during the early '70s, gave him the tools to create the synth runs and horn arrangements that later trademarked the P-Funk sound. Two years after the addition of Worrell, P-Funk added its second most famed contributor, Bootsy Collins. The muscular, throbbing bass line of Collins (b. October 26, 1951, Cincinnati, OH) had already been featured in James Brown's backing band (the J.B.'s) along with his brother, guitarist Catfish Collins. Bootsy and Catfish were playing in a Detroit band when George Clinton saw and hired them.

Funkadelic released five albums from 1970 through early 1974, and consistently hit the lower reaches of the R&B charts, but the collective pulled up stakes later in 1974 and began recording as Parliament. Signing with the Casablanca label, Parliament's "Up for the Down Stroke" (number ten R&B, number 63 pop) appeared in mid-1974 and reflected a more mainstream approach than Funkadelic, with funky horn arrangements reminiscent of James Brown and a live feel that recalls contemporary work by Kool & the Gang. It became the biggest hit yet for the Parliament/Funkadelic congregation. "Testify," a revamped version of the Parliaments' 1967 hit, also charted in 1974. One year later, Chocolate City continued Parliament's success: the title track reached number 24 R&B, and "Ride On" also charted.

Clinton & co. ushered in 1976 with the April release of the third Parliament LP in as many years: Mothership Connection. Arguably the peak of Parliament's power, the album made number 13 on the pop charts and went platinum, sparked by three hit singles: "P. Funk (Wants to Get Funked Up)" (number 33 R&B), "Tear the Roof Off the Sucker (Give Up the Funk)" (number five R&B, number 15 pop), and "Star Child" (number 26 R&B). In addition to Bootsy Collins, the album featured two other James Brown refugees: horn legends Maceo Parker and Fred Wesley. Just six months after the release of Mothership Connection, Clinton had another Parliament album in the can, The Clones of Doctor Funkenstein. Though it only reached gold status, the LP spawned the number 22 R&B hit "Do That Stuff" and the number 43 "Dr. Funkenstein."

Several internal squabbles during 1977 apparently didn't phase Clinton at all; the following year proved to be the most successful in Parliament's history. In January, "Flash Light" -- from the Parliament album Funkentelechy Vs. the Placebo Syndrome -- became the collective's first number one hit. It topped the R&B charts for three weeks, and was followed by the number 27 single, "Funkentelechy." The LP reached number 13 on the pop charts and became Parliament's second platinum album. Early in 1979, Parliament hit number one yet again with "Aqua Boogie," from its eighth album, Motor-Booty Affair. The LP, which stalled at number 23, nevertheless became the group's fifth consecutive album to go gold or better. Parliament's ninth album, Gloryhallastoopid (Or Pin the Tale on the Funky), was released later in 1979 and showed a bit of a slip in the previously unstoppable Clinton machine. The group charted in the R&B Top Ten twice during 1980 ("Theme From 'The Black Hole'" and "Agony of Defeet"), but Clinton began to be weighed down that year by legal difficulties arising from Polygram's acquisition of Casablanca. Jettisoning both the Parliament and Funkadelic names (but not the musicians), Clinton began his solo career with 1982's Computer Games. He and many former Parliament/Funkadelic members continued to tour and record during the '80s as the P-Funk All Stars, but the decade's disdain of everything to do with the '70s resulted in the neglect of critical and commercial opinion for the world's biggest funk band, especially one which in part had spawned the sound of disco. During the early '90s, the rise of funk-inspired rap (courtesy of Digital Underground, Dr. Dre, and Warren G.) and funk rock (Primus and Red Hot Chili Peppers) re-established the status of Clinton & co., one of the most important forces in the recent history of black music. ~ John Bush
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Parliament Gold

Disc 1

1. Up For The Down Stroke

2. Testify

3. All Your Goodies Are Gone

4. Chocolate City

5. Ride On

6. P. Funk (Wants To Get Funked Up)

7. Give Up The Funk (Tear The Roof Off The Sucker)

8. Mothership Connection (Star Child)

9. Handcuffs

10. Do That Stuff

11. Dr. Funkenstein

12. Funkin' For Fun

13. Dr. Funkenstein's Supergroovalistic-Prosifunkstication Medley: Let's Take It To The Stage / Take Your Dead A** Home (Say Som'n Nasty) (Live)

14. Fantasy Is Reality

Disc 2

1. Flash Light (12-Inch Version)

2. Bop Gun (Endangered Species)

3. Funkentelechy

4. Mr. Wiggles

5. Aqua Boogie (A PsychoAlphaDiscoBetaBioAquaDoLoop) (12-Inch Version)

6. Rumpofsteelskin

7. Party People (Single Edit)

8. Theme From The Black Hole

9. The Big Bang Theory

10. Agony Of Defeet (Single Edit)

x

Track List: Funked Up The Very Best of Parliament

1. Up For The Down Stroke

2. All Your Goodies Are Gone

3. Ride On

4. Chocolate City

5. Give Up The Funk (Tear The Roof Off The Sucker)

6. P. Funk (Wants To Get Funked Up)

7. Mothership Connection (Star Child)

8. Do That Stuff

9. Dr. Funkenstein

11. Fantasy Is Reality

12. Bop Gun (Endangered Species)

13. Flash Light

15. Theme From The Black Hole

16. Agony Of Defeet

x

Track List: 20th Century Masters - The Millennium Collection: The Best Of Parliament

1. P-Funk (Wants To Get Funked Up)

2. Give Up The Funk (Tear The Roof Off The Sucker)

3. Flash Light

4. Dr. Funkenstein

5. Up For The Down Stroke

6. Chocolate City

7. Bop Gun (Endangered Species)

8. Testify ('74 Version)

9. Aqua Boogie (A Psychoalphabetabioaquadoloop)

10. Mothership Connection (Star Child)

11. Agony Of DeFeet

x

Track List: Tear The Roof Off (1974-1980)

Disc 1

1. P. Funk (Wants To Get Funked Up)

2. Up For The Down Stroke

3. Bop Gun (Endangered Species)

5. Mothership Connection (Star Child)

6. Dr. Funkenstein

7. Testify

8. Mr. Wiggles

9. Aquaboogie (A Psychoalphadiscobetabioaquadoloop)

10. All Your Goodies Are Gone

11. Do That Stuff

12. Party People

Disc 2

1. Prelude

2. Give Up The Funk (Tear The Roof Off The Sucker)

3. Chocolate City

4. Funkentelechy

5. Theme From The Black Hole

6. The Big Bang Theory

9. Ride On

10. Fantasy Is Reality

11. Rumpofsteelskin

12. Agony Of Defeet

13. Funkin' For Fun

x

Track List: Gloryhallastoopid

1. Prologue

2. (Gloryhallastoopid) Pin The Tail On The Funky

3. Party People

4. The Big Bang Theory

5. The Freeze (Sizzaleenmean)

6. Colour Me Funky

7. Theme From The Black Hole

8. May We Bang You?

x

Track List: Motor Booty Affair

1. Mr. Wiggles

2. Rumpofsteelskin

3. (You're a Fish and I'm a) Water Sign

4. Aqua Boogie ( A Psychoalphadiscobetabioaquadoloop)

5. One Of Those Funky Things

6. Liquid Sunshine

7. The Motor-Booty Affair

8. Deep

x

Track List: Funkentelechy VS. The Placebo Syndrome

1. Bop Gun

2. Sir Nose D' Voidoffunk

3. Wixard of Finance

4. Funkentelechy

5. Placebo Syndrome

6. Flash Light

x

Track List: The Clones Of Dr. Funkenstein

1. Prelude

2. Gamin' On Ya

3. Dr. Funkenstein

4. Children Of Productions

5. Getten' To Know You

6. Do That Stuff

7. Everything Is On The One

8. I've Been Watching You (Move You Sexy Body)

9. Funkin' For Fun

x

Track List: Mothership Connection

1. P. Funk (Wants To Get Funked Up)

2. Mothership Connection (Star Child)

3. Unfunky UFO

5. Handcuffs

6. Give Up The Funk (Tear The Roof Off The Sucker)

7. Night Of The Thumpasorus Peoples

x

Track List: Chocolate City (Bonus Tracks)

1. Chocolate City

2. Ride On

3. Together

4. Side Effects

5. What Comes Funky

6. Let Me Be

7. If It Don't Fit (Don't Force It)

8. I Misjudged You

9. Big Footin'

10. If It Don't Fit (Don't Force It) (Alternate)

11. I Misjudged You (Alternate)

12. Common Law Wife (Unreleased)

x

Track List: Up For The Down Stroke (Bonus Tracks)

1. Up For The Down Stroke

2. Testify

3. The Goose

4. I Can Move You (If You Let Me)

5. I Just Got Back From The Fantasy, Ahead Of Our Time In The Four Lands Of Ellet

6. All Your Goodies Are Gone

7. Whatever Makes Baby Feel Good

8. Presence Of A Brain

9. Up For The Down Stroke (Alternate Mix)

10. Testify (Alternate Mix)

11. Singing Another Song (Previously Unreleased)

x

Track List: Osmium

1. I Call My Baby Pussycat

2. Put Love In Your Life

3. Little Old Country Boy

5. Oh Lord, Why Lord / Prayer

6. My Automobile

7. There Is Nothing Before Me But Thang

8. Funky Woman

9. Livin' The Life

10. The Silent Boatman

x

Track List: Parliament's Greatest Hits

1. Up For The Down Stroke

2. Chocolate City

3. P Funk (Wants To Get Funked Up)

4. Mothership Connection (Star Child)

5. Give Up The Funk (Tear The Roof Off The Sucker)

6. Do That Stuff

7. Bop Gun (Endangered Species)

8. Flash Light

9. Aqua Boogie (A Psychoalphadiscobetabioaquadoloop)

10. Theme From The Black Hole

Comments

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Funk is its own reward do me baby
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Parliament- red light - stop light- now lay me down to sleep- get off the funk- dance sucker- flashlight - spot light- neon light- spot light - every body got some light under the sun- one of the greatest band. Basement parties at there best- u must play "PARLIAMENT "! Stop , green, red, neon light. Help him find the funk.....str e e t light. Everybody got a little light under the SUN.
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Iii
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que7_
The P-Funk is a textbook example of the world changing influence of the great-grand children of enslaved Africans. The DNA of Hip-Hop is George Clinton (Parliament / Funkadelic) and James Brown. If their contribution s to the world of music did not happen...Hip Hop would find itself a victim of spontaneous retroactive abortion. Me (Rufus Curry, Jr.) and my boy (Rufus Michael Mosby) riding to and from school on the Yellow (Blue Bird) school bus (aka The Mother Ship) every day. RIP Rev. Mosby
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que7_
The P-Funk is a textbook example of the world changing influence of the great-grand children of enslaved Americans. The DNA of Hip-Hop: George Clinton (Parliament / Funkadelic) and James Brown. If their contribution s to the world of music did not happen...Hip Hop would find itself a victim of spontaneous retroactive abortion. Me (Rufus Curry, Jr.) and my boy (Rufus Michael Mosby) riding to and from school on the Yellow (Blue Bird) school bus on the Mother Ship every day. RIP Rev. Mosby
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YOU can tune piano,but you can't tune a fish
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ebouler3
P funk!!! U hadda b there 2 appreic8 it!! Wat up p- roni, klink, stowe boys, mike e (r i p bruh), tim, rudy, lima, raynard!! N everybody else i left out!! Put ur p funk signs up!!!
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NOW,,,,, WE GOT THE WHITE HOUSE..... "IT'S ALL READY,,,,,, THEY DIDN'T LISTEN" ALREADY
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Ahhh, funk. Good for the soul!!
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Don't ask anybody for nothing ......while in a GHETTO!..... . b e c a u s e that's. Xactly what you will get....0!!!
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WONDER????.. . . . . . W h a t the higher-ups.. . . . . . G o t planned for .THE DISCOVERIES ON PLANET MARS?....... . k e e p wondering... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Whaz this? 2016......Ev e r y b o d y sooner,or later.Wants to 'freak'..
It ain't none of your freaking business.who wants what?when?or even where?.....' g e t your private business in document form.....and official notarized!
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aflournoy812
I love it
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Now who don't like this type of music man
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All the 'Yak...about ....this-&-t h a t ' . . . . . . . i f you must do what you got to do!......DO IT PRIVATELY!!! ! ! ! the jig -is-Up!!!for those trying to .Get to MOTHERSHIP CONNECTION passed the up-coming twelfth of SEPTEMBER 2016....ITS TOO LATE!!!!!!!! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
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Soul
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That was REAL Music and I still play it at all my functions.
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justinjenny4 9 5
❤❤❤❤❤
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alexandraabe l l a 1 7
❤❤❤❤❤
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Pee u
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Can you remember.Whe n Parliment performed with Bootsy"C"LIV E (on stage)?
He came out to curtain-call . W i r h nothing on but a 'big diaper'..... . . . G E N T L E M E N . The brother was ahead of our time........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Great
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Basement parties, skate parties, birthday parties, Parliament music turned it up every time. Thanks.
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Make my funk the P Funk!
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Love it
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carleashley5 4
That Big Bang Theory it's the Bbabbest instrumental s . Ive ever heard. its Fresher than ever....touc h i n that OuterLimits. . . . . . .
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I seen them 4 times in concert back in the 70's and I still can't wash off the FUNK
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Parliament- great music! The 70's yes a good time to be Black coming out of the 60's.
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rec161
Hello to all you Mother Funker's - StatePenn'76
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Atomic dog and rubber fan at the Ball of Confusion in Colimbus, Ohio when they wore dippers and battled The Bar Kays and Rollercoaste r and Fire stars from Cincinnati
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Star child
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The whole funk and nuthin' but the funk!
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Light years in time, ahead of their time. Funk on!!!!
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how your funk
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Saw them at the Providence civic ctr in the late 70s!! They funked the place up!!
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old school
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Let me put my sunglasses on so they can see what they ain't looking at?
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Funk
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They were a class act,george Clinton never missed a beat with his music and his funky horn's!!!
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Can't get enough of that mothership connection!! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
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Flasht lite spote lite
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FLASHLIGHT!
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I'll always be up for the down stroke. PFunk forever!
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Funktified But Not Haterized
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flash light 1977! wow time flies. It still packs dance floors in 2016. good ol school music priceless
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My bad she said 1979 still spend a dollar fifty for the 45
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I'm sure Ice Cube still looking for the theme from the black hole I had it on 45 1977
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19sandy62
P-Funk
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Funkiest bands ever!��
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Their audience hasn't even been born yet.
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