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Parliament

Inspired by Motown's assembly line of sound, George Clinton gradually put together a collective of over 50 musicians and recorded the ensemble during the '70s both as Parliament and Funkadelic. While Funkadelic pursued band-format psychedelic rock, Parliament engaged in a funk free-for-all, blending influences from the godfathers (James Brown and Sly Stone) with freaky costumes and themes inspired by '60s acid culture and science fiction. From its 1970 inception until Clinton's dissolving of Parliament in 1980, the band hit the R&B Top Ten several times but truly excelled in two other areas: large-selling, effective album statements and the most dazzling, extravagant live show in the business. In an era when Philly soul continued the slick sounds of establishment-approved R&B, Parliament scared off more white listeners than it courted.

By the time his on-the-move family settled in New Jersey during the early '50s, George Clinton (b. July 22, 1941, Kannapolis, NC) became interested in doo wop, which was just beginning to explode in the New York-metro area. Basing his group on Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers, Clinton formed the Parliaments in 1955 with a lineup that gradually shifted to include Clarence "Fuzzy" Haskins, Grady Thomas, Raymond Davis, and Calvin Simon. Based out of a barbershop backroom where Clinton straightened hair, the Parliaments released only two singles during the next ten years, but frequent trips to Detroit during the mid-'60s -- where Clinton began working as a songwriter and producer -- eventually paid off their investment.

After finding a hit with the 1967 single "(I Wanna) Testify," the Parliaments ran into trouble with Revilot Records and refused to record any new material. Instead of waiting for a settlement, Clinton decided to record the same band under a new name: Funkadelic. Founded in 1968, the group began life as a smoke screen, claiming as its only members the Parliaments' backing band -- guitarist Eddie Hazel, bassist Billy Nelson, rhythm guitarist Lucius "Tawl" Ross, drummer Ramon "Tiki" Fulwood, and organist Mickey Atkins -- but in truth including Clinton and the rest of the former Parliaments lineup. Revilot folded not long after, with the label's existing contracts sold to Atlantic; Clinton, however, decided to abandon the Parliaments name rather than record for the major label. One previously recorded Parliaments single, "A New Day Begins," was licensed to Atco in 1969 and became a number 44 hit that May. By 1970, George Clinton had regained the rights to the Parliaments name: he then signed the entire Funkadelic lineup to Invictus Records as Parliament. The group released one album -- 1970's Osmium -- and scored a number 30 hit, "The Breakdown," on the R&B charts in 1971. With Funkadelic firing on all cylinders, however, Clinton decided to discontinue Parliament (the name, not the band) for the time being.

Though keyboard player Bernie Worrell (b. April 19, 1944, Long Beach, NJ) had played on the original Funkadelic album, his first credit with the conglomeration appeared on Funkadelic's second album, 1970's Free Your Mind...And Your A** Will Follow. Clinton and Worrell had known each other since the New Jersey barbershop days, and Worrell soon became the most crucial cog in the P-Funk machine, working on arrangements and production for virtually all later Parliament/Funkadelic releases. His strict upbringing and classical training (at the New England Conservatory and Juilliard), as well as the boom in synthesizer technology during the early '70s, gave him the tools to create the synth runs and horn arrangements that later trademarked the P-Funk sound. Two years after the addition of Worrell, P-Funk added its second most famed contributor, Bootsy Collins. The muscular, throbbing bass line of Collins (b. October 26, 1951, Cincinnati, OH) had already been featured in James Brown's backing band (the J.B.'s) along with his brother, guitarist Catfish Collins. Bootsy and Catfish were playing in a Detroit band when George Clinton saw and hired them.

Funkadelic released five albums from 1970 through early 1974, and consistently hit the lower reaches of the R&B charts, but the collective pulled up stakes later in 1974 and began recording as Parliament. Signing with the Casablanca label, Parliament's "Up for the Down Stroke" (number ten R&B, number 63 pop) appeared in mid-1974 and reflected a more mainstream approach than Funkadelic, with funky horn arrangements reminiscent of James Brown and a live feel that recalls contemporary work by Kool & the Gang. It became the biggest hit yet for the Parliament/Funkadelic congregation. "Testify," a revamped version of the Parliaments' 1967 hit, also charted in 1974. One year later, Chocolate City continued Parliament's success: the title track reached number 24 R&B, and "Ride On" also charted.

Clinton & co. ushered in 1976 with the April release of the third Parliament LP in as many years: Mothership Connection. Arguably the peak of Parliament's power, the album made number 13 on the pop charts and went platinum, sparked by three hit singles: "P. Funk (Wants to Get Funked Up)" (number 33 R&B), "Tear the Roof Off the Sucker (Give Up the Funk)" (number five R&B, number 15 pop), and "Star Child" (number 26 R&B). In addition to Bootsy Collins, the album featured two other James Brown refugees: horn legends Maceo Parker and Fred Wesley. Just six months after the release of Mothership Connection, Clinton had another Parliament album in the can, The Clones of Doctor Funkenstein. Though it only reached gold status, the LP spawned the number 22 R&B hit "Do That Stuff" and the number 43 "Dr. Funkenstein."

Several internal squabbles during 1977 apparently didn't phase Clinton at all; the following year proved to be the most successful in Parliament's history. In January, "Flash Light" -- from the Parliament album Funkentelechy Vs. the Placebo Syndrome -- became the collective's first number one hit. It topped the R&B charts for three weeks, and was followed by the number 27 single, "Funkentelechy." The LP reached number 13 on the pop charts and became Parliament's second platinum album. Early in 1979, Parliament hit number one yet again with "Aqua Boogie," from its eighth album, Motor-Booty Affair. The LP, which stalled at number 23, nevertheless became the group's fifth consecutive album to go gold or better. Parliament's ninth album, Gloryhallastoopid (Or Pin the Tale on the Funky), was released later in 1979 and showed a bit of a slip in the previously unstoppable Clinton machine. The group charted in the R&B Top Ten twice during 1980 ("Theme From 'The Black Hole'" and "Agony of Defeet"), but Clinton began to be weighed down that year by legal difficulties arising from Polygram's acquisition of Casablanca. Jettisoning both the Parliament and Funkadelic names (but not the musicians), Clinton began his solo career with 1982's Computer Games. He and many former Parliament/Funkadelic members continued to tour and record during the '80s as the P-Funk All Stars, but the decade's disdain of everything to do with the '70s resulted in the neglect of critical and commercial opinion for the world's biggest funk band, especially one which in part had spawned the sound of disco. During the early '90s, the rise of funk-inspired rap (courtesy of Digital Underground, Dr. Dre, and Warren G.) and funk rock (Primus and Red Hot Chili Peppers) re-established the status of Clinton & co., one of the most important forces in the recent history of black music. ~ John Bush, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

Comments

pastorronf
Saw the MotherShip land at the Fabulous Forum I believe in 1976 or 77!! Actually had a simulated spaceship go from one end of the Forum to the stage...tota l l y awesome! I don't know how I lived through the night let alone the concert! Mass quantities of much much happy stuff which I won't detail here (statute of limitations and all) ;-) !!
Aint . Nothing but a party.
wow! music is not made like this anymore!!
Gonna take yo funk and make it mine!
Used to skate to this song in the 70s and still do.
Woodpecker with a headache
Saw them twice at Madison Square Garden in NYC. 15 musicians on stage dancing and getting down! The don't get enough credit for being awesome vocalists and musicians!
NYC and George Clinton's home State, New Jersey honor him and his vision! I have been a fan since I wanna testify!
To bad music today is nothing like this right here .....!!!!!
Taking me back to my past experiences in VIRGINIA. ALL GOOD THOUGHTS.!!! ! ! !
Till I die
Harbor World got it jumpin HCC 252
Ga ga goo ga firever
George. Bernie. Bootsy. & the whole ParliaFunkad e l i c m e n t Thang!!! & the White House WAS a temporary condition 2!!!
HeeHeeHEEEEE E E E E !!!!! Tell the truth :-D :-D :-D :-D :-D!!!!!
kidjay9
Growing up in P-Funk's hometown of Plainfield, NJ, my brothers and I were often customers at George's barbershop. Years later, around 1978-79, my alma mater Plainfield High School adopted P-Funk's One Nation Under a Groove as the unofficial school anthem. That, Standing on the Verge of Gettin' It On, and Flashlight are my favorite P-Funk jams.
GEE MAN I REALLY LOVE THIS SONG: FLASH LITE
Love them , got to see them in the med 70s.
One of the greatest songs ever :-)
Don't read this because it actually works. You will be kissed on the nearest possible Friday by the love of your life. However if you don't post this you will die in 2 day. Now you've started reading so don't stop. This is so scary put this on at least 5 songs in 143 minutes. When done press f6 and your lover's name will come on the screen in big letters. This is so scary because it actually works
Allllll Sure Remember This Swing Down Sweet Chariot And Stop And Let Me Ride Love This Whole C'D Allllll Yale My Old School Throwback Music 2-20-2014.!! ! ! ! !
This is the s**t.
Bootsey & Catfish Collins....a n d a pinch of Maceo Parker and Fred Wesley.....n o t hard to figure out why George was on top! There's a whole lot of rhythm goin round.
Who is Sir Nose D'Void o' Funk??? Pick just about any right-winger . H o w 'bout rush limpbone limbaugh? I cud name a lot more, but y'all get it.....if u r a TRUE FUNKETEER!!!
who is sir nose
funk 4every
Lightyear groovin
gregorygrave l y
only the best for the best
Now lay me down to sleep. The real funk-a-teer.
George is the ORIGINAL FUNKATEER!!! ! !
this IS the badboy of funk!
This is The Man with the Band that changed the Plan , FUNKEVER FUNK BABY BUBBA
anthonymille r 0 9 2 8
Knee Deep With Tony Vegas
carl_ashley_ 1 9 9 9
Yep yep Micheal my Brother an I @ this apartment pool ,I got kicked out as a non-resident back in 78-79 in So.Dallas off of I-75 so. I still wonder how George picked that up Holla @ Me Soon .
O
This is music....pla i n and simple
yeah!!!!!!!!
the jams
So this is the song Dr. Dre sampled from. Pretty cool
lastnamesnow
awe funk me!!!!!
This is a great dancing song when u tipsy .....want to dance
mstee73
������������
Just what I needed to start the funk off :) Friday, haha
Make my funk the P-FUNK!!!
I love to skate off this song,when this come on at the skate party , the floor got pack real quick.everyb o d y rolling
I HAVE A FLASHLIGHT TO FIND DA FUNK!!!!!!!
Don't read this because it actually works. You will be kissed on the nearest Friday by the love of your life, Tomorrow will be the best day of your life. However if you don't post this you will die in two days. Now you've started reading this so don't stop. This is so scary put this on at least 5 songs in 143 mintues, when done press f6 and your lovers name will appear on the screen in big letters this is so scary because it works! I'm sorry because I read it thanks to the mother-----
If you have never roller skated or made up a dance (with your crew) to a Paliament/Fu n k a d e l i c song... you have missed out on some great times!
Do u feel ok? Why dont u go lie down
Strobe light
Pfunk 4ever
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