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The Monkees

"Hey hey, we are the Monkees/You know we love to please/A manufactured image/With no philosophies." In 1968, the Monkees addressed their own reputation in the song "Ditty Diego (War Chant)," which summed up the bad rap they'd received in the music press since they first emerged in the summer of 1966. The Monkees were talented singers, musicians, and songwriters who made a handful of the finest pop singles of their day (as well as a few first-rate albums) and delivered exciting, entertaining live shows. But at a time when rock music was becoming more self-conscious and "serious," the hipper echelons of the music press often lambasted the Monkees, largely because they didn't come together organically but through the casting process for a television series, and they initially didn't write the bulk of their own material or play all the instruments on their records. The fact they later took creative control of their music was often overlooked, and the quality of their music, which featured the work of some of the finest session players and songwriters of the 1960s, often seemed to be beside the point. Time has ultimately vindicated the Monkees, and their music still sounds fresh and engaging decades after it was recorded, but in some circles they never fully shook being branded as "the Pre-Fab Four," no matter how far they moved from the circumstances that brought them together.

The Monkees story began in the fall of 1965, when Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider, a pair of producers whose Raybert Productions had a deal with Columbia Pictures and their TV branch Screen Gems, came up with an idea for a television series about a rock group. Inspired by Richard Lester's groundbreaking comedies with the Beatles, A Hard Day's Night and Help!, Rafelson and Schneider imagined a situation comedy in which a four-piece band had wacky adventures every week and occasionally burst into song. The NBC television network liked the idea, and production began on The Monkees in early 1966. Don Kirshner, a music business veteran who was a top executive at Colgems Records (a label affiliated with Columbia/Screen Gems), was appointed music coordinator for the series, and Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart, a producing and songwriting team, signed on to handle much of the day-to-day chores of creating music for the show's fictive band. A casting call went out for four young men to play the members of the group, and Rafelson and Schneider's choices for the roles were truly inspired. Michael Nesmith and Peter Tork were musicians with solid performing and recording experience who also had a flair for playing comedy, while Micky Dolenz and Davy Jones were primarily actors but had also dabbled in pop music and had strong vocal abilities. As the show went before the camera, Kirshner had Boyce and Hart take the four leads into the studio to begin recording the songs that would be featured on the show each week. While initially the cast was only going to provide vocals for material Boyce and Hart had already recorded, the producers were impressed enough with Nesmith's songwriting skills that they chose to use a few of his tunes and let him produce them. With this, the Monkees took their first step toward evolving into a proper, self-sufficient rock band.

The Monkees debuted on NBC in the fall of 1966 and was an immediate hit in the ratings, while "Last Train to Clarksville," the group's first single, had become a number one hit a few weeks earlier (the self-titled debut album would top the chart in October). Rafelson, Schneider, and Kirshner shrewdly allowed the show to promote the records and vice versa, and while the notion that television time could sell pop records was hardly new (Ricky Nelson proved that almost a decade earlier), no one had made it work with quite the success the Monkees achieved almost immediately. Dozens of Monkees-related products flooded the marketplace, from toy guitars and lunch boxes to board games and models of the custom Pontiac the guys drove on the show. In late 1966, someone got the idea of booking a few live shows with the Monkees, and recordings of their early concerts prove that while not all four were virtuoso musicians, they worked well together on-stage and were a energetic, rough-and-ready rock band who could work a crowd. As the Monkees gained confidence in their abilities as performers, they began to chafe under the restrictions imposed on them by Kirshner, who had full control over what songs they would record and who would produce and play on the sessions.

The Monkees' early recordings found them working with a stellar team of songwriters (including Neil Diamond, Carole King and Gerry Goffin, and David Gates along with Boyce and Hart) and musicians (such as Glen Campbell, James Burton, Hal Blaine, and Larry Taylor), but Nesmith and Tork in particular were eager to show off their own talents (Nesmith was responsible for some of the Monkees' most distinctive tunes), and all four were stung by the negative publicity they'd received as rock critics declared they weren't a "real" band and couldn't play their instruments (Nesmith and Tork certainly could, and Dolenz and Jones would become capable instrumentalists, but they weren't allowed to play on their earliest recordings). When the Monkees were presented with copies of their second album, More of the Monkees, in January 1967, Nesmith and Tork were furious -- it was filled with material recorded for the TV show and the bandmembers had no input into its packaging or sequencing. This led to a standoff between the four Monkees, who demanded autonomy over the music they performed, and Kirshner, who didn't want to disrupt the hitmaking machine he'd helped create. Eventually, Rafelson and Schneider sided with his stars (who could not be readily replaced) and Kirshner was fired in the spring of 1967. (Kirshner would later coordinate the music for the Archies, who as cartoon characters lacked the power to rebel against their producers.)

Now calling their own musical shots, the Monkees recorded their third album, Headquarters, with Chip Douglas (aka Douglas Farthing Hatlelid) of the Turtles producing and playing bass. Outside of Douglas and a few string and horn players, the Monkees played all the instruments on Headquarters, and the album rose to number one on the charts in May of 1967, proving the group members were more than capable of making memorable records on their own (and the closing track, "Randy Scouse Git," showed the cultural changes that were making themselves known in America had not escaped the attention of TV's leading pop group). Another Monkees album appeared in November 1967, Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn & Jones Ltd., which is generally regarded as the group's finest work; while all four Monkees played and sang on the album, they also brought a few session players in for the recordings, hitting a middle ground between the polished studiocraft of the first two LPs and the more organic sound of Headquarters. While the Monkees now had the freedom to chart their own path in the recording studio, this also led to the musicians discovering their creative differences, and by the time they recorded The Birds, the Bees & the Monkees (released in April 1968), the foursome was starting to splinter, with each member essentially producing and coordinating 25 percent of the album, and the band's collaborative energy began to dissipate.

After two successful seasons, the Monkees' television series was not renewed for the fall 1968 season, as the group hoped to launch a career in the movies. But Head, their first (and last) feature film, was a commercial disaster; it was an often clever and challenging satire of the Monkees' own curious stardom and the culture that surrounded them, but it also quite literally had no plot and confounded the younger viewers who were the TV show's strongest fan base. The soundtrack album struggled to a relatively dismal number 45 on the charts, and shortly afterwards Peter Tork opted to leave the band. The Monkees released two albums as a trio in 1969, Instant Replay and The Monkees Present, but while they both contained fine music that showed the group was continuing to mature, neither launched any major hits, and the band's commercial fortunes were clearly beginning to wane. In late 1969, Nesmith left to pursue a solo career (he'd already released an instrumental solo album, The Wichita Train Whistle Sings, in 1968), and after a final Monkees album featuring just Dolenz and Jones, 1970's Changes, the group quietly dissolved.

Nesmith went on to a critically respected and modestly successful solo career, cutting several excellent country-rock albums, and he enjoyed considerable success in the entertainment business, producing music videos and feature films as well as running a film and video label, Pacific Arts. Both Dolenz and Jones moved back and forth between acting and music, and in 1975 they teamed up with Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart to record a new album and the foursome went out on the road, playing their new material as well as many of the Monkees' hits. Tork's music career stayed under the radar through much of the '70s, though he led a band called Release, operated a music production firm, recorded a Christmas single with Dolenz and Jones in 1976, and was courted for a solo deal with Sire Records.

The Monkees' television show stayed on the air for years in reruns after the group broke up, and in 1985, MTV presented a daylong marathon of Monkees episodes, tipping their hat to the show and the band that helped bring rock and television together. The marathon was a hit in the ratings and Monkees reruns became a regular feature on the network. That same year, producer and promoter David Fishof put together a Monkees reunion tour; while Nesmith's business commitments prevented him from joining his bandmates, Dolenz, Jones, and Tork were game, and the tour was a massive commercial success, and much of the group's back catalog bounced back into the charts. (Nesmith also made a guest appearance with the Monkees for their sold-out appearance at L.A.'s Greek Theater, and appeared with them on an MTV Christmas video.) In 1986, Dolenz and Tork cut a new single, "That Was Then, This Is Now," which was tagged onto a Monkees hits compilation and became a hit. The success of the single prompted the Monkees (again minus Nesmith) to record a new album, but 1987's Pool It! didn't fare well with critics or fans, and the members soon went their separate ways again, though Dolenz and Jones occasionally worked as a duo.

As the 30th anniversary of the Monkees' debut loomed in the mid-'90s and Rhino Records (who had reissued the group's back catalog in the 1980s) assumed full control of the group's filmed and recorded legacy and began a series of definitive reissues, another reunion tour was proposed, and the talks led to Dolenz, Jones, Nesmith, and Tork getting together to jam for the fun of it. They enjoyed the process enough that they decided to record a new album, and Justus, released in October 1996, became the first Monkees album written, performed, and produced solely by the four members of the band. The four Monkees appeared in a television special tied into the album's release (called Hey Hey, We're the Monkees), and they were set to take part in a world concert tour to promote the record. However, after a string of dates in the United Kingdom in 1997, Nesmith dropped out, and while the tour went on without him, the other three did little to hide their disappointment with Nesmith in the press. Another tour by the three-piece Monkees took place in 2001, but Tork left the show before the final dates; Tork told reporters he'd quit, while Dolenz and Jones said he'd been fired. Dolenz and Jones continued to work together, touring the U.K. and U.S. during 2002. They then went their separate ways and the band was quiet for years, skipping their 40th anniversary and pursuing their individual careers.

When their 45th anniversary rolled around in 2011, the trio of Dolenz, Jones, and Tork decided to re-form and headed out on an extensive tour of North America that lasted throughout the summer. Further plans for touring were scotched by the bandmembers' reluctance to spend the rest of the year wearing themselves out due to the grueling pace. It was to be their last set of performances with Davy Jones, who passed away at the age of 66 in February of 2012. His death proved to be the inspiration for Nesmith to rejoin the group, and at the end of the year they headed out for a string of reunion dates that featured a touching tribute to Jones each night. They toured in 2013 and 2014 as well, before Nesmith bowed out again. In the established Monkees tradition, Tork and Dolenz continued on without him for a 2015 jaunt. At this point it may have seemed that the Monkees were finished as a recording act, but in early 2016 Dolenz announced that the band had recorded a new album. Made up of songs that were never finished in the '60s and songs written for the band by modern artists like Rivers Cuomo of Weezer, Ben Gibbard of Death Cab for Cutie, and XTC's Andy Partridge, Good Times! was produced by Fountains of Wayne's Adam Schlesinger and scheduled for release by the band's longtime label Rhino in June of 2016. ~ Mark Deming
full bio

Selected Discography


Track List: The Essentials: The Monkees

2. Last Train To Clarksville

3. I Wanna Be Free

4. I'm A Believer

5. (I'm Not Your) Steppin' Stone

6. A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You

7. Pleasant Valley Sunday

8. Words

9. Daydream Believer

10. Valleri

11. Porpoise Song (Theme From "Head")

12. For Pete's Sake


Track List: Justus

1. Circle Sky

2. Never Enough

3. Oh, What A Night

4. You And I

5. Unlucky Stars

6. Admiral Mike

7. Dyin' Of A Broken Heart

8. Regional Girl

9. Run Away From Life

10. I Believe You

11. It's My Life

12. It's Not Too Late


Track List: Greatest Hits

2. Last Train To Clarksville

3. I Wanna Be Free

4. I'm A Believer

6. Mary, Mary

7. A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You

8. The Girl I Knew Somewhere

9. Randy Scouse Git

10. Pleasant Valley Sunday

11. Words

12. Daydream Believer

13. Goin' Down

14. Valleri

15. D.W. Washburn

16. It's Nice To Be With You

18. Listen To The Band

19. That Was Then This Is Now

20. Heart & Soul


Track List: Missing Links, Volume 2

1. All The King's Horses

2. Valleri

3. St. Matthew

4. Words

5. Some Of Shelly's Blues

6. I Wanna Be Free

7. If I Ever Get To Saginaw Again

8. Come On In

9. I'll Be Back Up On My Feet

10. Michigan Blackhawk

11. Hold On Girl

12. The Crippled Lion

13. Changes

14. Mr. Webster

15. You Just May Be The One

16. Do Not Ask For Love

17. Circle Sky

18. Seeger's Theme

19. Riu Chiu


Track List: Instant Replay

1. Through The Looking Glass

2. Don't Listen To Linda

3. I Won't Be The Same Without Her

4. Just A Game

5. Me Without You

6. Don't Wait For Me

7. You And I

8. While I Cry

9. Tear Drop City

10. The Girl I Left Behind Me

11. A Man Without A Dream

12. Shorty Blackwell

13. Someday Man

14. Carlisle Wheeling (Alternate Version)

15. Rosemarie (Early Version)

16. Smile (Original Version)

17. St. Matthew (Alternate Mix)

18. Me Without You (Alternate Mix)

19. Through The Looking Glass (Alternate Version)


Track List: Head

1. Opening Ceremony

4. Circle Sky

5. Supplicio

6. Can You Dig It

9. As We Go Along

10. Dandruff?

11. Daddy's Song

12. Poll

13. Long Title: Do I Have To Do This All Over Again

16. Circle Sky (Live)

17. Happy Birthday To You

18. Can You Dig It

19. Daddy's Song

20. Head Radio Spot


Track List: The Birds, The Bees & The Monkees

1. Dreamworld

2. Auntie's Municipal Court

3. We Were Made For Each Other

4. Tapioca Tundra

5. Daydream Believer

6. Writing Wrongs

7. I'll Be Back Up On My Feet

8. The Poster

9. P.O. Box 9847

10. Magnolia Simms

11. Valleri

12. Zor And Zam

13. Alvin (Previously Unissued)

14. I'm Gonna Try (Previously Unissued)

15. P.O. Box 9847 (Previously Unissued Alternate Mix)

16. The Girl I Left Behind Me (Previously Unissued Early Version)

17. Lady's Baby (Previously Unissued Alternate Mix)


Track List: Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn & Jones Ltd.


Track List: Headquarters

1. You Told Me

2. I'll Spend My Life With You

3. Forget That Girl

4. Band 6

5. You Just May Be The One

6. Shades Of Gray

7. I Can't Get Her Off My Mind

8. For Pete's Sake

9. Mr. Webster

10. Sunny Girlfriend

11. Zilch

12. No Time

13. Early Morning Blues And Greens

14. Randy Scouse Git


Track List: The Monkees

2. Saturday's Child

3. I Wanna Be Free

5. Papa Gene's Blues

6. Take A Giant Step

7. Last Train To Clarksville

9. Let's Dance On

11. Sweet Young Thing

12. Gonna Buy Me A Dog

15. I Don't Think You Know Me (Micky's Vocal)


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Don't read this. You will be kissed on the nearest possible Friday by the love of your life. Tomorrow will be the best day of your life. Now you've started reading this don't stop this is so freaky. But if you read this and ignore it then you will have very bad luck. Put this on 15 songs in 144 mins. When you are done press space bar and your crushes name will appear in big letters on the screen this is so freaky it actually works
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desiree.whee l e r
Mickey is vocals on most of the best songs
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hippiegrandm a . j m
What would my childhood have been without The Monkees? So many good Memories!!!
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Enjoy them as a kid ! It's real cool to
Hear them here !
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Great band, great music, just a great time to be growing up. Watch the Wonder Years and listen to all the music.
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Always preferred them to the Beatles when I was kid,they sound even better today.
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Tommy Boyce and Bobby hart wrote most of their music
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I'd rather listen to this then the Beatles
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always loved Michael Nesmith a musician, singer, song writer and car guy with a great sense of humor,
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I saw Jimi Hendrix open for The Monkees in Jax.Fl. Haven't been the same since. lol
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I loved Daydream Believer when I was growing up. Brings back so many wonderful childhood memories. Live on Monkees.
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Yah! I'm a believer. I first heard this song, sang by Neil Diamond. One of my favorite songs and I was surprised to hear it from the monkeys.
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Micky is My TV Boy Friend he was so cute in the 60s and I'm 15
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I am137Year's Old Man I❤this Song Man.OK.
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LOVE the Monkees..... . l o v e d the music and show too no other show could compare !!! Davy Jones .....was the cutie but they all had something i loved about them!!
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Still love their music but, I'm sorry, The show is now corny to me.
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I loved Davy!
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My favorite Monkee is the Drummer
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They were my faves as a young kid and now that I am not, they still are! Lol
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My favourite song is day dream believer
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Great band!
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Loooove them
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I'm abcesed with the Monkees
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I had the great pleasure to meet Davy Jones,get his autograph and take pictures with him. He was so very kind and even more handsome in person. It's one of the best gifts I've been given. RIP Davy you are still greatly missed��
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timithonmael s t r o m
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The Monkees, pop TV personalitie s of the day, also put out some great Psychedelic Rock and Psy- Pop songs too! If you like that genre (yes!). Check out albums 'Head', 'The Birds, the Bees, and the Monkees' and 'Pisces, Aquarious, Capicorn & Jones, Ltd.' ENJOY!
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I was little and Pleasant Valley Sunday came on the radio. We were driving through Northern New Jersey right past the exit on Route 280 West called Pleasant Valley where Carol King lived as a child. How wonderful to actually be there and hear her great song played by a great group!
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Shannon 12 Love that songs
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Great Spanish lead guitar by Tommy Tedesco.The Wrecking Crew documentary needs to be viewed by all music fans.
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Never heard Daydream Believer so clearly before.
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jasonmoore17 3
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Why isn't Mike featured in the band's photo?
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lilprincess2 0 0 0 2
a very good band i love the 60's
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One would have to say for a group that was "manufacture d , " they not only made the best of it but lasted and still has staying power today. They faced each other's differences in culture, talents, and personalitie s and made it their own while being pulled this way and that way by different producers and agents. Through they became frustrated and even broke up, they had always attempted to reconcile. That says a lot. Performers today lack that forgiveness. They have left a legacy of great musi
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Ikudntleavhe r i f i t r i e d
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Not Cool
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jasonmoore17 3
I DON'T CARE I LOVE THE MONKEES well not litterletly but i love there tv show an music
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jasonmoore17 3
is that weird
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jasonmoore17 3
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I heard that Mikey Dolenz was the only Monkee who didn't eat bananas. They made him constipated. I feel your pain Mick.
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They should update this bio. Davy Jones is dead.
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The Monkees are my life! I love you Mike!!!
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Back in the day it was uncool to actually like this band
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Awesome song love it
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Love. This song
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floralovesca t s
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Why are you trying to kill Mike Nesmith? ?
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