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Maurice Duruflé

January 11, 1902 - June 16, 1986
born in Louviers, Eure, France, composed during the Modern period
French organist and composer Maurice Duruflé is known for a small number of extraordinary compositions, among which the Requiem is perhaps the finest and most often performed. His works, which, due to his crippling self-criticism, number only 14, are based on Gregorian chant. Characteristically, these melodies, which retain their original suppleness, are surrounded by complex modal harmonies that are generated by an intricate web of polyphony.

Duruflé was born in Louviers, in the Normandy, France. At the age of 10, he entered the choir school at the Rouen cathedral, where he studied piano, organ and theory with Jules Haelling. It is during this time that Duruflé developed his affinity for Gregorian chant. Duruflé moved to Paris in 1919, where he studied with Charles Tournemire, organist at St. Clotilde, where Duruflé later became his assistant. He later became the assistant of Louis Vierne at Notre Dame.

In 1920, Duruflé entered the Paris Conservatoire, where studied organ with Eugene Gigout, harmony with Jean Gallon, accompaniment with Estyle, counterpoint and fugue with Georges Caussade, and composition with Paul Dukas. At the Conservatoire, Duruflé took first prizes in the areas of organ, harmony, accompaniment, counterpoint, and fugue, and composition. In 1929, he won a prize from the Amis de l'Orgue for interpretation and improvisation.

In 1930, he was appointed to the position of organist at St. Etienne-du-Mont, a position he held for the remainder of his life, sharing the appointment with his wife after 1953. That same year, he was again honored by the Amis de l'Orgue, this time for his Prelude, adagio et choral varié sur le "Veni Creator," Op. 4. In 1936, Duruflé received the Blumenthal Foundation Prize. In 1943, he became Dupré's assistant for the organ class at the Paris Conservatoire. He was also appointed professor of harmony, a position that he held until 1969. The Duruflé Requiem was premiered in 1947, by Desormière.

Duruflé was also a highly esteemed organist. He toured extensively throughout Europe and North America. His performing career was ended by an automobile accident in May 1975 that left him virtually bed ridden until his death in 1986. ~ Stephen Kingsbury, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

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Track List: Durufle: Requiem, Oeuvre Pour Orgue

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Track List: Duruflé: Complete Choral Works

Title: Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions)

4. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): Sanctus

6. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): VI. Agnus Dei

Title: Motets (4) On Gregorian Themes, For Chorus, Op.10
Title: Notre Père (2 Versions), For Chorus; For Male Voices & Organ, Op. 14

14. Notre Père (2 Versions), For Chorus; For Male Voices & Organ, Op. 14: Notre Pere, Op. 14

Title: Missa "Cum Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11

17. Missa "C*m Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11: Sanctus

19. Missa "C*m Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11: Agnus Dei

x

Track List: Duruflé: Requiem Op.9/Messe C*m Jubilo,Op.11

Title: Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions)

1. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): I. Introit

2. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): II. Kyrie

3. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): III. Domine Jesu Christe

4. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): Sanctus

5. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): Pie Jesu

6. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): VI. Agnus Dei

7. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): VII. Lux Aeterna

8. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): VIII. Libera Me

9. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): IX. In Paradisum

Title: Missa "Cum Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11

10. Missa "C*m Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11: Kyrie

11. Missa "C*m Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11: Gloria

12. Missa "C*m Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11: Sanctus

13. Missa "C*m Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11: Benedictus

14. Missa "C*m Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11: Agnus Dei

Title: Notre Père (2 Versions), For Chorus; For Male Voices & Organ, Op. 14

15. Notre Père (2 Versions), For Chorus; For Male Voices & Organ, Op. 14: Notre Pere, Op. 14

x

Track List: Duruflé: Sacred Choral & Organ Works, Vol. 1

Title: Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions)

1. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): I. Introit

2. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): II. Kyrie

3. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): III. Domine Jesu Christe

4. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): Sanctus

5. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): Pie Jesu

6. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): VI. Agnus Dei

7. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): VII. Lux Aeterna

8. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): VIII. Libera Me

9. Requiem, For Orchestra, Organ & Chorus; For Organ & Chorus; For Small Ensemble, Organ & Chorus, Op. 9 (3 Versions): IX. In Paradisum

Title: Motets (4) On Gregorian Themes, For Chorus, Op.10

10. Motets (4) On Gregorian Themes, For Chorus, Op.10: Ubi Caritas

11. Motets (4) On Gregorian Themes, For Chorus, Op.10: Tota Pulchra Es

12. Motets (4) On Gregorian Themes, For Chorus, Op.10: Tu Es Petrus

13. Motets (4) On Gregorian Themes, For Chorus, Op.10: Tantum Ergo

Title: Scherzo, For Organ, Op. 2

14. Scherzo, For Organ, Op. 2: Scherzo Op. 2

Title: Notre Père (2 Versions), For Chorus; For Male Voices & Organ, Op. 14

15. Notre Père (2 Versions), For Chorus; For Male Voices & Organ, Op. 14: Notre Pere, Op. 14

Title: Prelude And Fugue On The Name A.L.A.I.N., For Organ, Op. 7

16. Prelude And Fugue On The Name A.L.A.I.N., For Organ, Op. 7: Prelude

17. Prelude And Fugue On The Name A.L.A.I.N., For Organ, Op. 7: Fugue

x

Track List: Duruflé: Sacred Choral & Organ Works, Vol. 2

Title: Missa "Cum Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11

1. Missa "C*m Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11: Kyrie

2. Missa "C*m Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11: Gloria

3. Missa "C*m Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11: Sanctus

4. Missa "C*m Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11: Benedictus

5. Missa "C*m Jubilo", For Baritone, Baritone Chorus, Orchestra & Organ, Op. 11: Agnus Dei

Title: Prelude, Adagio And Chorale Variations On The "Veni Creator", For Organ & Baritone Choir, Op. 4

6. Prelude, Adagio And Chorale Variations On The "Veni Creator", For Organ & Baritone Choir, Op. 4: Prélude

7. Prelude, Adagio And Chorale Variations On The "Veni Creator", For Organ & Baritone Choir, Op. 4: Adagio

8. Prelude, Adagio And Chorale Variations On The "Veni Creator", For Organ & Baritone Choir, Op. 4: Choral Varié

Title: Suite, For Organ, Op. 5

9. Suite, For Organ, Op. 5: Prélude

10. Suite, For Organ, Op. 5: Sicilienne

11. Suite, For Organ, Op. 5: Toccata

x

Track List: Maurice Duruflé: Complete Organ Works [Hybrid SACD]

1. Suite, For Organ, Op. 5: Prélude

2. Suite, For Organ, Op. 5: Sicilienne

3. Suite, For Organ, Op. 5: Toccata

Title: Hommage À Jean Gallon ("Chant Donné"), For Organ

4. Hommage À Jean Gallon ("Chant Donné"), For Organ: Chant Donne (Hommage A Jean Gallon)

Title: Méditation, For Organ

5. Méditation, For Organ: Meditation

Title: Prelude On The Introit Of The Epiphany, For Organ, Op. 13

6. Prelude On The Introit Of The Epiphany, For Organ, Op. 13: Prelude Sur Ia*introit De I'epiphanie Op.13

Title: Scherzo, For Organ, Op. 2

7. Scherzo, For Organ, Op. 2: Scherzo Op. 2

Title: Fugue On The Carillon Of The Cathedral Of Soissons, Op. 12

8. Fugue On The Carillon Of The Cathedral Of Soissons, Op. 12: Fugue Sur Le Theme Du Carillion Des Heures De La Cathedrale De Soissons Op.12

Title: Prelude, Adagio And Chorale Variations On The "Veni Creator", For Organ & Baritone Choir, Op. 4

9. Prelude, Adagio And Chorale Variations On The "Veni Creator", For Organ & Baritone Choir, Op. 4: Prélude

10. Prelude, Adagio And Chorale Variations On The "Veni Creator", For Organ & Baritone Choir, Op. 4: Adagio

11. Prelude, Adagio And Chorale Variations On The "Veni Creator", For Organ & Baritone Choir, Op. 4: Choral Varié

Title: Prelude And Fugue On The Name A.L.A.I.N., For Organ, Op. 7

12. Prelude And Fugue On The Name A.L.A.I.N., For Organ, Op. 7: Prelude

13. Prelude And Fugue On The Name A.L.A.I.N., For Organ, Op. 7: Fugue

Comments

Report as inappropriate
apblum
Other biographers, I am sure, mention Duruflé's birthdate. It would be helpful to show it here. PS: love his 'Ubi Charitas'. Sung it many times.
Report as inappropriate
A work as full of hope as any ever composed... I just got back from a funeral, and found that, as always, I draw immeasurable comfort from this wonderful work in which the dead are honored and the living are consoled.
Report as inappropriate
I wish that there existed more music just like this but am grateful for this composer's works.
Report as inappropriate
Durufle is a master of 20th century Catholic spirituality . The Requiem is his masterpiece; always a new pearl revealing itself. I've told my family I want a recording of this played at my wake--not too many choirs could sing it! What gorgeous, intensely spiritual, vivid music; I love it so! I'm not aware of anything else quite like it, although Morten Lauridsen's "Lux Aeterna" comes very close.
Report as inappropriate
n_9nguyen
His requiem is beautiful and difficult to sing. Anybody who tries to direct a choir, orchestra, and organist to do the requiem is definitely ambitious.
Report as inappropriate
tomrz
Excellent. A spritual quality that reaches the highest

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