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Manuel de Falla

November 23, 1876 - November 14, 1946
born in Cádiz, Spain, composed during the Modern period
Part Impressionist, and part neo-Classicist, Manuel de Falla is difficult to peg, but he is widely regarded as the most distinguished Spanish composer of the early twentieth century. His output is small but choice, and revolves largely around music for the stage. Falla's reputation is based primarily on two lavishly Iberian ballet scores: El amor brujo (Love, the Magician), from which is drawn the Ritual Fire Dance (a pops favorite, often heard in piano or guitar transcriptions), and the splashy El Sombrero de tres picos (The Three-Cornered Hat). He also gained a permanent place in the concert repertory with his evocative piano concerto, Nights in the Gardens of Spain.

Born in 1876,Falla first took piano lessons from his mother in Cádiz, and later moved to Madrid to continue the piano and to study composition with Felipe Pedrell, the musical scholar who had earlier pointed Isaac Albéniz toward Spanish folk music as a source for his compositions. Pedrell interested Falla in Renaissance Spanish church music, folk music, and native opera. The latter two influences are strongly felt in La Vida breve (Life Is Short), an opera (a sort of Spanish Cavalleria rusticana) for which Falla won a prize in 1905, although the work was not premiered until 1913.

A second significant aesthetic influence resulted from Falla's 1907 move to Paris, where he met and fell under the Impressionist spell of Claude Debussy, Paul Dukas, and Maurice Ravel. It was in Paris that he published his first piano pieces and songs. In 1914 Falla was back in Madrid, working on the application of a quasi-Impressionistic idiom to intensely Spanish subjects; El amor brujo drew on Andalusian folk music. Falla wrote another ballet in 1917, El Corregidor y la molinera (The Magistrate and the Miller Girl). Diaghilev persuaded him to expand the score for a ballet by Léonide Massine to be called El sombrero de tres picos, and excerpts from the full score have become a staple of the concert repertory. In between the two ballets came Nights in the Gardens of Spain, a suite of three richly scored impressions for piano and orchestra, again evoking Andalusia.

In the 1920s, Falla altered his stylistic direction, coming under the influence of Stravinsky's Neo-Classicism. Works from this period include the puppet opera El retablo de Maese Pedro (The Altarpiece of Maese Pedro), based on an episode from Don Quixtote, and a harpsichord concerto, with the folk inspiration now Castilian rather than Andalusian. After 1926 he essentially retired, living first in Mallorca and, from 1939, in Argentina. He was essentially apolitical, but the rise of fascism in Spain contributed to his decision to remain in Latin America after traveling there for a conducting engagement. He spent his final years in the Argentine desert, at work on a giant cantata, Atlántida, which remained unfinished at his death in 1946. ~ James Reel, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: De Falla: Complete Piano Music

Title: Nocturno, For Piano, G. 3

1. Nocturno, For Piano, G. 3: Nocturno

Title: Mazurka In C Minor, For Piano, G. 11

2. Mazurka In C Minor, For Piano, G. 11: Mazurca

Title: Serenata Andaluza

3. Serenata Andaluza: Serenata Andaluza

Title: Canción, For Piano, G. 14

4. Canción, For Piano, G. 14: Canción

Title: Vals Capricho, For Piano, G. 15

5. Vals Capricho, For Piano, G. 15: Vals Capricho

Title: Cortejo De Gnomos (Danza De Gnomos), For Piano, G. 21

6. Cortejo De Gnomos (Danza De Gnomos), For Piano, G. 21: Cortejo De Gnomos

Title: Serenata, For Piano, G. 22

7. Serenata, For Piano, G. 22: Serenata

Title: Allegro De Concierto, For Piano, G. 29

8. Allegro De Concierto, For Piano, G. 29: Allegro De Concierto

Title: Spanish Pieces (4), For Piano, G. 37

9. Spanish Pieces (4), For Piano, G. 37: Aragonesa

10. Spanish Pieces (4), For Piano, G. 37: Cubana

11. Spanish Pieces (4), For Piano, G. 37: Montanesa

12. Spanish Pieces (4), For Piano, G. 37: Andaluza

Title: Fantasía Baetica, For Piano, G. 55 (Orchestrated By Halffter)

13. Fantasía Baetica, For Piano, G. 55 (Orchestrated By Halffter): Fantasia Betica

Title: Homenaje Pour "Le Tombeau De Claude Debussy," For Guitar, G. 56

14. Homenaje Pour "Le Tombeau De Claude Debussy," For Guitar, G. 56: Homenaje Pour "Le Tombeau De Claude Debussy," For Guitar

Title: Canto De Los Remeros Del Volga, For Piano, G. 62

15. Canto De Los Remeros Del Volga, For Piano, G. 62: Canto De Los Remeros Del Volga

Title: Pour Le Tombeau De Paul Dukas, For Piano, G. 83 (Orchestrated In "Homenajes")

16. Pour Le Tombeau De Paul Dukas, For Piano, G. 83 (Orchestrated In "Homenajes"): Sobre La Tumba De Paul Dukas

x

Track List: De Falla: El Amor Brujo; El Retable De Maese Pedro

Title: El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44

1. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 1. Introducción Y Escena

2. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 1. Canción Del Amor Dolido

3. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 1. Sortilegio (A Media Noche)

4. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 1. Danza Del Fin Del Dia

5. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 1. Escena (El Amor Vulgar)

6. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 1. Romance Del Pescador

7. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 1. Intermedio

8. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 2. Introducción (El Fuego Fatuo)

9. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 2. Escena (El Terror)

10. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 2. Danza Del Fuego Fatuo

11. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 2. Interludio (Alucinaciones)

12. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 2. Canción Del Fuego Fatuo

13. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 2. Conjuro Para Reconquistar El Amor Perdido

14. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 2. Escena (Andantino)

15. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 2. Danza Y Canción De La Bruja Fingida

16. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Small Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 44: Scene 2. Final (Las Campanas Del Amanecer)

Title: El Retablo De Maese Pedro, Puppet Opera, G. 65

17. El Retablo De Maese Pedro, Puppet Opera, G. 65: El Pregón

18. El Retablo De Maese Pedro, Puppet Opera, G. 65: Sinfonia De Maese Pedro

19. El Retablo De Maese Pedro, Puppet Opera, G. 65: Cuadro I. La Corte De Carlo Magno

20. El Retablo De Maese Pedro, Puppet Opera, G. 65: Cuadro II. Melisendra

21. El Retablo De Maese Pedro, Puppet Opera, G. 65: Cuadro III. El Suplicio Del Moro

22. El Retablo De Maese Pedro, Puppet Opera, G. 65: Cuadro IV. Los Pirineos

23. El Retablo De Maese Pedro, Puppet Opera, G. 65: Cuadro V. La Fuga

24. El Retablo De Maese Pedro, Puppet Opera, G. 65: Cuadro VI. La Persecución

25. El Retablo De Maese Pedro, Puppet Opera, G. 65: Final

x

Track List: Falla: El Amor Brujo; Sombrero De Tres Picos; Noches En Los Jardines De España

Title: El Sombrero De Tres Picos, Ballet In 2 Parts, G. 53
Title: El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 68 (revised Version)
Title: Noches En Los Jardines De España (Nights In The Gardens Of Spain), For Piano & Orchestra, G. 49
x

Track List: Falla: Piano Music 1

Title: Nocturno, For Piano, G. 3

1. Nocturno, For Piano, G. 3: Nocturno

Title: Serenata, For Piano, G. 22

2. Serenata, For Piano, G. 22: Serenata

Title: Serenata Andaluza, For Piano (transcribed By Velasco For Guitar), G. 13

3. Serenata Andaluza, For Piano (transcribed By Velasco For Guitar), G. 13: Serenata Andaluza

Title: Allegro De Concierto, For Piano, G. 29

4. Allegro De Concierto, For Piano, G. 29: Allegro De Concierto

Title: Homenaje Pour "Le Tombeau De Claude Debussy," For Guitar, G. 56

5. Homenaje Pour "Le Tombeau De Claude Debussy," For Guitar, G. 56: Homenaje Pour "Le Tombeau De Claude Debussy," For Guitar

Title: Pour Le Tombeau De Paul Dukas, For Piano, G. 83 (Orchestrated In "Homenajes")

6. Pour Le Tombeau De Paul Dukas, For Piano, G. 83 (Orchestrated In "Homenajes"): Sobre La Tumba De Paul Dukas

Title: Spanish Pieces (4), For Piano, G. 37

7. Spanish Pieces (4), For Piano, G. 37: Aragonesa

8. Spanish Pieces (4), For Piano, G. 37: Cubana

9. Spanish Pieces (4), For Piano, G. 37: Montanesa

10. Spanish Pieces (4), For Piano, G. 37: Andaluza

Title: El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 68 (revised Version)

11. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 68 (revised Version): Pantomima

12. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 68 (revised Version): Danza Del Terror

13. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 68 (revised Version): El Circulo Magico

14. El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 68 (revised Version): Danza Ritual Del Fuego

x

Track List: Manuel de Falla: La vida breve; El amor brujo; El sombrero de tres picos

Disc 1
Title: La Vida Breve, Opera, G. 35/39 (2 Versions)
Title: Popular Spanish Songs (7), For Voice & Piano, G. 40
Disc 2
Title: El Sombrero De Tres Picos, Ballet In 2 Parts, G. 53
Title: El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 68 (revised Version)
Title: Soneto A Córdoba, For Voice & Harp (Or Piano), G. 72
Title: Psyché, For Mezzo-soprano, Flute, Harp & String Trio, G. 67
x

Track List: The Essential Falla

Disc 1
Title: El Amor Brujo, Ballet For Mezzo-soprano & Orchestra In 1 Act, G. 68 (revised Version)
Title: Concerto For Harpsichord, For Harpsichord (or Piano), Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Violin & Cello, G. 71
Title: Homenaje Pour "Le Tombeau De Claude Debussy," For Guitar, G. 56
Title: Psyché, For Mezzo-soprano, Flute, Harp & String Trio, G. 67
Title: Noches En Los Jardines De España (Nights In The Gardens Of Spain), For Piano & Orchestra, G. 49
Disc 2
Title: La Vida Breve, Opera, G. 35/39 (2 Versions)
Title: Popular Spanish Songs (7), For Voice & Piano, G. 40
Title: Spanish Pieces (4), For Piano, G. 37
Title: El Sombrero De Tres Picos, Ballet In 2 Parts, G. 53

Comments

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benjamincask e y 0 2
I tweeted fella
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LIKE !!!!!!!!!!!!
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christangeor g
Don't read this because it actually works.You will be kissed in the nearest possible Friday by the love of your life. Tomorrow will be the best day of your life. However if you don't post this you will die in 2 days. Now you've started reading so don't stop. This is so scary put this on 5 song in 143 minutes. When done press 16 and your lover name will come on the screen in big letters. This is scary because it actually works.
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beautiful
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xili683
Wow. Playing Enrique Granados, but never heard of De Falla.
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:)
working on this peice on violin
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= )
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If you like De Falla, you will enjoy the magical sound of Enrique Granados, as well.
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That's beautiful... w h y has it taken me this long to discover this man?
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jenboulden
Love and love.
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first woot!

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