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Joy Division

Formed in the wake of the punk explosion in England, Joy Division became the first band in the post-punk movement by later emphasizing not anger and energy but mood and expression, pointing ahead to the rise of melancholy alternative music in the '80s. Though the group's raw initial sides fit the bill for any punk band, Joy Division later incorporated synthesizers (taboo in the low-tech world of '70s punk) and more haunting melodies, emphasized by the isolated, tortured lyrics of its lead vocalist, Ian Curtis. While the British punk movement shocked the world during the late '70s, Joy Division's quiet storm of musical restraint and emotive power proved to be just as important to independent music in the 1980s.

The band was founded in early 1977, soon after the Sex Pistols had made their first appearance in Manchester. Guitarist Bernard Albrecht (b. Bernard Dicken, January 4, 1956) and bassist Peter Hook (b. February 13, 1956) had met while at the show and later formed a band called the Stiff Kittens; after placing an ad through a Manchester record store, they added vocalist Ian Curtis (b. July 15, 1956) and drummer Steve Brotherdale. Renamed Warsaw (from David Bowie's "Warszawa"), the band made its live debut the following May, supporting the Buzzcocks and Penetration at Manchester's Electric Circus. After the recording of several demos, Brotherdale quit the group in August 1977, prompting the hire of Stephen Morris (b. October 28, 1957). A name change to Joy Division in late 1977 -- necessitated by the punk band Warsaw Pakt -- was inspired by Karol Cetinsky's World War II novel The House of Dolls. (In the book, the term "joy division" was used as slang for concentration camp units wherein female inmates were forced to prostitute themselves for the enjoyment of Nazi soldiers.)

Playing frequently in the north country during early 1978, the quartet gained the respect of several influential figures: Rob Gretton, a Manchester club DJ who became the group's manager; Tony Wilson, a TV/print journalist and owner of the Factory Records label; and Derek Branwood, a record executive with RCA Northwest, who recorded sessions in May 1978, for what was planned to be Joy Division's self-titled debut LP. Though several songs bounded with punk energy, the rest of the album showed at an early age the band's later trademarks: Curtis' themes of post-industrial restlessness and emotional despair, Hook's droning bass lines, and the jagged guitar riffs of Albrecht.

The album should have been hailed as a punk classic, but when a studio engineer added synthesizers to several tracks -- believing that the punk movement had to move on and embrace new sounds -- Joy Division scrapped the entire LP. (Titled Warsaw for a 1982 bootleg, the album was finally given wide issue ten years later.) The first actual Joy Division release came in June 1978, when the initial mid-1977 demos were released as the EP An Ideal for Living, on the band's own Enigma label. Early in 1979, the buzz surrounding Joy Division increased with a session recorded for John Peel's BBC radio show.

The group began recording with producer Martin Hannett and released Unknown Pleasures on old friend Tony Wilson's Factory label in July 1979. The album enjoyed immense critical acclaim and a long stay on the U.K.'s independent charts. Encouraged by the punk buzz, the American Warner Bros. label offered a large distribution contract that fall. The band ignored it but did record another radio session for John Peel on November 26th. (Both sessions were later collected on the Peel Sessions album.)

During late 1979, Joy Division's manic live show gained many converts, partly due to rumors of Curtis' ill health. An epilepsy sufferer, he was prone to breakdowns and seizures while on stage -- it soon grew difficult to distinguish the fits from his usual on-stage jerkiness and manic behavior. As the live dates continued and the new decade approached, Curtis grew weaker and more prone to seizures. After a short rest over the Christmas holiday, Joy Division embarked on a European tour during January, though several dates were cancelled because of Curtis. The group began recording its second LP after the tour ended (again with Hannett), and released "Love Will Tear Us Apart" in April. The single was again praised but failed to move beyond the independent charts. After one gig in early May, the members of Joy Division were given two weeks of rest before beginning the group's first U.S. tour. Two days before the scheduled flight, however, Curtis was found dead in his home, the victim of a self-inflicted hanging.

Before Curtis' death, the band had agreed that Joy Division would cease to exist if any member left, for any reason. Ironically though, the summer of 1980 proved to be the blooming of the band's commercial status, when a re-release of "Love Will Tear Us Apart" rose to number 13 on the British singles chart. In August, the release of Closer finally united critics' positivity with glowing sales, as the album peaked at number six. Before the end of the summer, Unknown Pleasures was charting as well.

By January of the following year, Hook, Morris, and Albrecht (now Bernard Sumner) had formed New Order, with Sumner taking over vocal duties. Also in 1981, the posthumous release of Still -- including two sides of rare tracks and two of live songs -- rose to number five on the British charts. As New Order's star began to shine during the '80s, the group had trouble escaping the long shadow of Curtis and Joy Division. "Love Will Tear Us Apart" charted for the third time in 1983, and 1988 also proved a big year for the defunct band: the reissued single "Atmosphere" hit number 34 and a double-album compilation entitled Substance reached number seven in the album charts. Seven years later, the 15th anniversary of Curtis' death was memorialized with a new JD compilation (Permanent: Joy Division 1995), a tribute album (A Means to an End), and a biography of his life (Touching From a Distance) written by his widow, Deborah Curtis. In 1999, the Factory label began a program of concert-performance reissues -- all overseen by the remainder of the original lineup -- with Preston Warehouse 28 February 1980. ~ John Bush, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

Comments

Love will tear us apart (memories)
I never realized until reading this bio that New Order came out of Joy Division! They're both great bands.
Joy Division was a priority base for New Order , and Many Post Punks Bands . Of course New Order brings a lot more consistence and work dedication based on their prior experience .. But a love both Bands .. They are Great !
nicko252008
New order worked out better in my opinion. JD was the beginning of something great.
F**king Morris man, drummings so catchy.
The comments here are basically the reason why I'm into music. (That moment when you find true fulfilment for all the trouble you went to....)
JD had to be one of the most short lived but most influential bands that emerge in the early 80s. Most today's bands are still covering their music. Artistic brilliance lost unfortunatel y we Americans lost out the most by listening to passé music at the height of their career.
I was just notified they added some JD work. What's new?
@crunchtheal l i g a t o r at my school there are several unknown pleasures shirts and I've seen at least 4 different iteration s of it including s Japanese one
Artists have dead souls. It feel like sinkhole in the brain. That why president lincoln had tophat. That is song "dead souls".
Did you know that Disney tried to create a T-shirt based on the artwork for Unknown Pleasures?
@Flim, Paula, Wyogi. ..Bernard doesn't have much vocal prowess either, hear them live. Ian provided a stage presence that would have complimented New Orders music. His style pervades much of their best work. Perry Farrell, not on key, has the "it" that brings Jane's together. Cobain. Rose. Ian had "it".
@Paula and Flim flam....I totally agree that Ian Curtis was the key to Joy Division being one of the greatest bands ever but I also believe that the collaboratio n between the entire group is what put them in the rock history books. Even though we all miss Ian's greatness, I feel that New Order was a great group and created music that has stood the test of time. Flim, it is more to singing than just hitting perfect notes. Ian voice and presence is what gave Joy Division its soul and image.
Ian curtis was the best thing about joy division. When they went on to be new order there songs no where as awesome as joy division. I lost interest in new order fairly soon.
oldjanxspiri t
lol
Don't read this because it actually works. You will be kissed on the nearest possible Friday by the love of you life. Tomorrow will be the best day of your life. However if you don't post this you will die in 2 days. Now you've started reading so don't stop. This is so scary put this on at least 5 songs in 143 minutes. When done press f6 and your lover's name will come on the scree n in big letters. This is so scary because it actually works!
Curtis was actually a terrible singer. The band knew it. Us roadies knew it too. Sorry. The truth hurts. The best thing to happen to the band was him dying. And I still work for the band.
this is not the song it says it is
exoskel
A huge influence in many of our lives
chilloutslut _
Michellerodr i g u e z
chilloutslut _
Michellerodr i g u e z
chilloutslut _
Michellerodr i g u e z
chilloutslut _
Michellerodr i g u e z
chilloutslut _
Michellerodr i g u e z
chilloutslut _
Michellerodr i g u e z
chilloutslut _
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It's not gay Guy...
The killers re-did this alright
Its ok, better than the gay new wave
The Dick Panthers are better.
One of the best...
Joy Division will always have a special place in my heart. The world lost an astounding artist and musician when Ian died.
jeffreymqs64 1
If you wish to add some extra money to you wallet go to BLUDOS.COM They offer really easy free online jobs where you can make a few extra hundred dollas a week !
Fock yeah Joy Division!! Love em, although I like New Order a bit better.
Bet harry potter is lisingnin
claricentp91 7
If you wish to add some extra money to you wallet go to BLUDOS.COM They offer really easy free online jobs where you can make a few extra hundred dollas a week !
This band used to be good until they hung the lead singer out to dry. No seriously, the UK needs more anti depressants.
shawnnavuz71 1
People interested in making a few extra bucks per day you can check out BLUDOS.COM This site makes me around 70 usd per day. It's free to sign up.
Awesome.
All is summed up by comments made...this band left the biggest footprint
Joy Division's impact on the history of music can be evidenced by the post punk revival. These bands are trying to re-create the original underground sounds of Joy Division and the Psychedelic Furs. It proves that today's underground will be tomorrow's mainstream.
katie_mcgrat h
The crux. The hinge between all that came before and all that has followed since. The dark collapsing star of the rock and roll universe. The unfathomable depth of the human psyche where words and sounds become galaxies of pure being and experience.

The inimitable, the eternal Joy Division.

(MKS)
Control is one of my fave movies although difficult for me to watch because one of my sisters struggled with epilepsy since she was a teenager and finally died from a seizure in 2012. The film really tried to show how emotionally draining it is to live with the fear of having seizures. Robin,we miss you. Ian,we miss you.
amazing artists. one of the best bands ever to exist. if only bands today had even half of the talents these guys do ... RIP IAN
donw9
So true Stephensgary . . . so true
Such amazing musicians. Nobody knew how to interpret these guys, maybe because it was just an overload of brilliance,
Deliciously dark..I love!
Ahead of their time, then and even now...RIP Ian.








































wa
Thy where the sh**
alluring nostalgia. almost solemn
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