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John McCormack

Irish-born American tenor John McCormack, who sang both popular and classical works, was one of the most successful live musical performers of the 1910s, 1920s, and 1930s, regularly selling out concerts in the biggest halls around the world, as well as being a top recording artist. The 600-plus sides he recorded, primarily for Victor Records, between 1904 and 1942 are estimated to have sold upward of 200 million copies. Chart researcher Joel Whitburn, in his book of chart approximations, Pop Memories 1890-1954, ranks McCormack 23rd among the top artists of the 64-year period, giving him seventh place for the decade 1910-1919, and his recording of the World War I anthem "It's a Long, Long Way to Tipperary" is listed as the tenth most successful recording of that decade.

McCormack was born in Athlone, Ireland, on June 14, 1884, the son of mill laborer Andrew McCormack and Hannah (Watson) McCormack. At the age of 12 in 1896, he won a scholarship to Summerhill College in Sligo, and he attended the school until 1902, when he graduated at 18. Already intent upon a singing career, he accepted a place in the Palestrina Choir of Dublin's Pro-Cathedral, where he was encouraged by the choir-master. In 1903 he entered a competition in the Feis Ceoil, the Irish National Music Festival, and won the gold medal for tenor. In 1904 he went to America for the first time and sang at the St. Louis World's Fair. The same year he traveled to London where he made his first recordings for the Edison, Edison Bell, and Gramophone & Typewriter (G&T) labels. Meanwhile, a friend had written on his behalf to the Italian singing instructor Vincenzo Sabatini, and Sabatini agreed to accept him as a pupil. He left for Milan to study with Sabatini early in 1905 and spent much of the year there. By the following winter, Sabatini judged him ready to perform, and he made his operatic debut on January 13, 1906, with the Teatro Chiabrero company in Savona in L'Amico Fritz. Returning to Great Britain, he settled in London, where he found singing engagements and signed a six-year contract with Odeon Records. It has sometimes been suggested that, over the course of his career, he moved from primarily a classical to primarily a popular repertoire, but biographer Gordon T. Ledbetter, in his book The Great Irish Tenor, points out that even at this early point McCormack's recordings were a mixture of material, with the greatest share of it being the Irish ballads for which he was best known.

McCormack was engaged by the Royal Opera in 1907, making his debut at Covent Garden on October 15, 1907, as Turiddu in Cavalleria Rusticana. At 23, he was the youngest tenor ever to sing a major role with the opera company. As of 1908, he moved to the more prestigious summer season schedule, and he continued to perform at Covent Garden until the opera closed temporarily at the start of World War I in 1914. That made it possible in 1909 for him to accept an offer of a three-year contract from American impresario Oscar Hammerstein (grandfather of the Broadway lyricist/librettist Oscar Hammerstein II) to join his Manhattan Opera Company, a rival to the Metropolitan Opera in New York. McCormack made his debut at the Manhattan Opera House on November 10, 1909, in Traviata. Eight days later, he made his U.S. concert debut at the same location. The following year, Hammerstein sold out to the Metropolitan, which converted the Manhattan Opera Company into the Philadelphia-Chicago Opera Company, playing in those two cities and on the road. McCormack fulfilled his contract with performances around the U.S., and he also debuted at the Metropolitan itself in New York on November 29, 1910.

Meanwhile, on February 10, 1910, Victor Records had bought out McCormack's Odeon contract for 2,000 pounds and offered him a generous new long-term deal to run 28 years, with a 10,000 dollar advance and a royalty of 10 percent of his records' list price. The company began making its money back immediately. By Whitburn's estimate, McCormack had five hits in 1910, starting with a re-recording of the Irish ballad "Killarney" in May. There were five more in 1911, among them two that Whitburn estimates would have ranked as number one hits if there actually had been charts at the time, "I'm Falling in Love With Someone" from Victor Herbert's Broadway operetta Naughty Marietta and "Mother Machree" from Chauncey Olcott's Broadway musical Barry of Ballymore.

In the fall of 1911, McCormack toured Australia performing opera, but when he returned to the U.S. in early 1912, he announced his intention to focus primarily on concert work. In a later interview, he said, "I am the world's worst actor," concurring with reviewers who praised his opera singing but criticized his acting. Of course, many opera singers are poor actors, but McCormack clearly did not enjoy performing in opera, preferring to appear alone and as himself before an audience. This is what he began to do, giving 34 concerts in America before returning to Covent Garden for the summer season. During the 1912-1913 season, he gave 67 concerts, while also appearing in 12 operas and, according to Whitburn, scoring another five record hits. Then it was back to London for the summer season, a concert tour of Australia, and another U.S. tour beginning in October and running through March 1914.

This busy, peripatetic schedule became only more extensive in the next few years: 95 concerts in the 1914-1915 season; 85 (plus two operas) in 1915-1916; approximately 80 in 1916-1917; 88 (plus five operas) in 1917-1918; and approximately 90 (plus two operas) in 1918-1919 (all this at a time when commercial air travel and the interstate highway system lay far in the future). It would be hard to overestimate McCormack's popularity in this period, before the advent of radio and television networks, when performers worked without amplification. McCormack filled theaters such as New York's 5,000-seat Hippodrome to overcapacity, with an extra 1,000 seats sold surrounding him and his piano accompanist on-stage and 1,000 standing-room patrons, sometimes for several concerts in a season. At the same time, his recordings continued to sell well. By Whitburn's estimate, there were six hits in 1914; seven in 1915, including "It's a Long, Long Way to Tipperary," which was the biggest hit of the year; seven in 1916, including two, "Somewhere a Voice Is Calling" and "The Sunshine of Your Smile," at number one; seven in 1917, with two more number ones, "The Star-Spangled Banner" (in the wake of U.S. entry into World War I that spring) and "Send Me Away With a Smile"; four in 1918; and another four in 1919. It has been estimated that his income in 1918 alone was 300,000 dollars (an amount that would equate to more than 3.5 million dollars in 2003 dollars).

In April 1914, McCormack had filed papers to become an American citizen. He was naturalized in June 1919. Except for a throat infection that sidelined him from the spring to fall of 1922, he maintained his busy schedule of performing and recording through the first half of the 1920s, eventually giving up performing opera completely in 1923. This, too, fueled the notion that he had moved from classical music to pop, but Ledbetter notes that he continued to sing plenty of "serious" music in his concerts, while his recordings leaned much more toward popular songs. That kept his sales up; Whitburn lists another 23 hits during the '20s, including a number one with Irving Berlin's "All Alone," which McCormack introduced in a radio tribute to the songwriter in 1924.

As of the 1925-1926 season, McCormack cut back to about 50 concerts a year, but he continued to travel extensively, for instance going to Japan and China in 1926. In 1929, eight weeks' work in Hollywood earned him half a million dollars for starring in his first feature film, Song o' My Heart. (He appeared in only one other movie, 1937's Wings of the Morning, the first Technicolor film made in England.) By the 1930s, with his voice deteriorating, he began to work less, and he announced his retirement from performing at a concert in Buffalo, NY, in March 1937, although he later undertook a British tour that lasted until November 27, 1938. Less than a year after that, he was back on tour to raise money for the Red Cross in the early days of World War II, giving a final performance on May 5, 1940. Even then, he continued to record, cutting his last session on September 10, 1942, before retiring to his estate outside Dublin. He died there of pneumonia at 61 on September 16, 1945.

Despite the enormous popularity he enjoyed during his performing career, McCormack suffered critically due to his refusal to be either exclusively a classical or popular artist. He was what in a later era would be called a "classical crossover" artist, and that tended to mean that classical music fans rejected him as a turncoat, while popular music fans, especially later in his career and after his death, found him much more formal than, say, Bing Crosby, and thus not really a pop artist at all. (It didn't help that much of his "popular" repertoire of sentimental ballads, operetta, and art songs, drifted into the classical repertoire over time.) Also, with most of his best recordings dating from the largely neglected pre-1925 "acoustic era" of recording, his records have not stayed in print as much as those of performers who peaked commercially a decade or two later. Nevertheless, in the CD era, there have been many collections which demonstrate the same qualities that the judges at the Feis Ceoil first heard back in 1903, an amazing expression of feeling and purity of tone in a voice that generations have found unforgettable. ~ William Ruhlmann
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Legends Of Another Era: Bigger Than The Beatles In The Early 1900's

1. I Hear You Calling Me

2. The Garden Where The Praties Grow

3. Mother Macree

4. Macushla

5. Kathleen Mavourneen

6. The Star Of The County Down

7. Little Town In The Old County Down

8. The Kerry Dance

9. The Foggy Dew

10. The Londonderry Air (O Mary Dear)

11. When Irish Eyes Are Smiling

12. A Little Bit Of Heaven

13. Killarney

14. The Rose Of Tralee

15. Bantry Bay

16. Sweet Peggy O'neill

17. Ireland, Mother Ireland

18. My Wild Irish Rose

19. By The Short Cut To The Rosses

20. Off To Philadelphia

21. The Lass With The Delicate Air

22. The Gentle Maiden

23. Down By The Sally Gardens

24. She Moved Thro' The Fair

25. The Bard Of Armagh

26. Terence's Farewell To Kathleen

27. The Old House

28. Sweetly She Sleeps, My Alice Fair

29. Believe Me If All Those Endearing Young Charms

30. Oft In The Stilly Nigh

31. The Meeting Of The Waters

32. The Wearing Of The Green

33. Come Back To Erin

34. Trottin' To The Fair

35. That Tumble-Down Shack In Athlone

36. Where The River Shannon Flows

37. Mother O'mine

38. Molly Brannigan

39. Beautiful Isle Of Somewhere

40. Annie Laurie

41. I'll Walk Beside You

42. Jeannie With The Light Brown Hair

43. Passing By

44. Drink To Me Only

45. The Dawning Of The Day

46. Come My Beloved

47. Now Sleeps The Crimson Petal

48. Silver Threads Among The Gold

49. Bless This House

50. Somewhere A Voice Is Calling

51. Serenata

52. I'll Sing Thee Songs Of Araby

53. The Rosary

54. Ave Maria

55. Angels Guard Thee

56. Nearer My God To Thee

57. The Lost Chord

58. The Crucifix

59. Thank God For A Garden

60. Adeste Fidelis

61. Love's Old Sweet Song

62. I Know Of Two Bright Eyes

63. You Forgot To Remember

64. The Far Away Bells

65. God Gave Me Flowers

66. Devotion

67. The Sunshine Of Your Smile

68. A Little Love, A Little Kiss

69. The Old Refrain

70. I'm Falling In Love With Someone

71. There's A Long, Long Trail

72. When Shadows Gather

73. Love, Here Is My Heart

74. Little Mother Of Mine

75. Somewhere

76. Learn To Smile

77. Rose Of My Heart

78. Where The Rainbow Ends

79. Indiana Moon

80. Your Eyes Have Told Me So

81. It's A Long Way To Tipperary

82. Roses Of Picardy

83. Send Me Away With A Smile

84. When You And I Were Seventeen

85. Keep The Home Fires Burning

86. Marcheta (A Love Song Of Old Mexico)

87. The Star-Spangled Banner

88. When You Come Back

89. Rose Marie

90. Moonlight And Roses

91. Say 'Au Revoir', But Not 'Goodbye'

92. God Be With Our Boys Tonight

93. The Barefoot Trail

94. The Minstrel Boy

95. When You Look In The Heart Of A Rose

96. The Rainbow Of Love

97. Just For Today

98. Cradle Song

99. Evening Song

100. Goodbye

x

Track List: Ballads Of An Irish Tenor

1. The Star Of The County Down

2. The Garden Where The Praties Grow

3. The Kerry Dance

4. Down By The Sally Gardens

5. Mother Machree

6. The Rose Of Tralee

7. Believe Me, If All Those Endearing Young Charms

8. The Green Isle Of Erin

9. Off To Philadelphia

10. The Dawning Of The Day

11. Oft In The Stilly Night

12. Kathleen Mavourneen

13. When Irish Eyes Are Smiling

14. Bantry Bay

15. The Old House

16. By The Short Cut To The Rosses

17. The Irish Emigrant

18. Love Thee, Dearest, Love Thee

19. She Moved Thro' The Fair

20. Terence's Farewell To Kathleen

21. The Bard Of Armagh

22. Molly Brannigan (With Spencer Clay Piano)

23. Londonderry Air

24. I Hear You Calling Me

x

Track List: Irish Songs - From The Archives (Remastered)

1. Where The River Shannon Flows

2. My Wild Irish Rose

3. Mother O' Mine

4. The Moon Has Raised Her Lamp Above

5. Annie Laurie

6. Machushla

7. Killarney

8. Mother Machree

9. The Low Back'd Car

10. Molly Branigan

11. Eileen Alannah

12. Wearing Of The Green

x

Track List: Irish Legend

1. It's A Long Way To Tipperary

2. Jeannie With The Light Brown Hair

3. Macushla

4. The Wearing Of The Green

5. Mother Machree

6. My Wild Irish Rose (From "A Romance Of Athlone")

7. Ireland, Mother Ireland

8. The Foggy Dew

9. By The Short Cut To The Rosses

10. When Irish Eyes Are Smiling (From "Isle O' Dreams")

11. Ireland, My Sireland

12. The Bard Of Armagh (From "The Bard Of Armagh")

13. Alanna Asthore (From "Eileen")

14. Come Back To Erin

15. Kathleen Mavourneen

16. Dear Little Shamrock

17. Mother Machree (Alternate Take)

18. Where The River Shannon Flows

19. The Irish Emigrant (Alternate Take)

20. Molly Bawn

21. The Low-Backed Car

22. My Lagan Love

23. Believe Me If All Those Endearing Young Charms

24. Molly Brannigan

25. The Rose Of Tralee

26. Asthore

x

Track List: 20 Golden Greats

1. Come Into The Garden Maud

2. Evening Song

5. A Dream

6. Funiculi, Funicula

7. The Sunshine Of Your Smile

9. Turn Ye To Me

15. Eileen

16. The Trumpeter

17. When You And I Were Young, Maggie

19. Silver Threads Among The Gold

x

Track List: I Hear You Calling Me (2004 Remastered Version)

1. When Irish Eyes Are Smiling

2. The Sunshine Of Your Smile

3. Macushla

4. The Bard Of Armagh

5. Come Into The Garden, Maud

6. Turn Ye To Me

7. Angels Guard Thee (Berceuse)

8. I'll Sing The Songs Of Araby

9. Venetian Song

10. Flirtation

11. Since You Went Away (Seems Lak' To Me)

12. Dear Old Pal Of Mine

13. Dream Once Again

14. A Brown Bird Singing

15. When You And I Were Young, Maggie

16. The Garden Where The Parties Grow

17. I Hear You Calling Me

18. The Irish Emigrant

19. Jeannine With The Light Brown Hair

20. Believe Me, If All Those Endearing Young Charms

21. South Winds

22. She Moved Thro' The Fair

23. The Star Of The Country Down

24. Waiting For You

25. The Kerry Dance

26. The Minstrel Boy

27. Nirvana

28. My Dreams

29. A Little Love, A Little Kiss (Feat. Fritz Kreisler)

30. The Angel's Serenade

31. Ave Maria

32. Serenata

33. Barcarolle (Night Of Stars And Night Of Love)

34. Before My Window

35. Swans

36. Come, My Beloved

37. Moonlight And Roses

38. I Look Into Your Garden

39. Bird Songs At Eventide

40. By The Short Cut To The Roses

41. The Fairy Tree

42. The Harp That Once Thro' Tara's Halls

43. Once In A Blue Moon

44. Charm Me Asleep

45. Vespers

46. Sweetly She Sleeps, My Alice Fair

47. A Song Remembered

48. The Dawning Of The Day

49. A House, Love, Made For You And Me

50. The Old House

x

Track List: The Ultimate John Mccormack

Disc 1

1. The Rosary

2. Ave Maria

3. Ave Maria (Bach)

4. Adeste Fidelis

5. The Crucifix

6. The Lost Chord

7. Jesus My Lord, My God, My All

8. Holy God We Praise Thy Name

9. Christ Went Up Into The Hills Alone

10. The Palms

11. Just For To-Day

12. The Holy Child

13. Pains Angelicus

14. Night And Dreams-To The Lyre

15. Bless This House

16. The Hymn To Christ The King

17. Skylark And Swallow / A Prayer To Our Lady

18. When The Children Say Their Prayers

19. God Keep You Is My Prayer

20. Jesus Christ, The Son Of God

21. Praise Ye The Lord

Disc 2

1. Killarney

2. Trottin' To The Fair

3. Dear Little Shamrock

4. The Snowy-Breasted Pearl

5. The Minstrel Boy To The War Has Gone

6. Macushla

7. Molly Bawn

8. Wearing Of The Green

9. Where The River Shannon Flows

10. Eileen Alannah

11. Molly Brannigan

12. The Low Backed Car

13. Mother O'mine

14. My Wild Irish Rose

15. Beautiful Isle Of Somewhere

16. Somewhere A Voice Is Calling

17. Come Into The Garden, Maud

18. When The Irish Eyes Are Smiling

19. Eileen

Disc 3

1. My Irish Song Of Songs

2. That Tumble Down Shack In Athlone

3. Ballymore Ballad

4. Little Town In The Auld Country Down

5. Just A Cottage Small

6. Mother Machree

7. Kathleen Mavourmeen

8. I Hear You Calling Me

9. By The Short Cut To The Rosses

10. Nora O' Neale

11. Rose Of Tralee

12. Terence's Farewell To Kathleen

13. The Lass With The Delicate Air

14. Oft In The Stilly Night

15. Bard Of Armagh

16. Meeting Of The Waters

17. Maureen

18. She Moved Thro' The Fair

19. Oft To Philadelphia

20. Love Thee, Dearest, Love Thee

x

Track List: My Wild Irish Rose

4. Alanna Asthore (From "Eileen")

8. Molly Bawn

9. The Low-Backed Car

10. Believe Me If All Those Endearing Young Charms

13. The Foggy Dew

14. Where The River Shannon Flows

16. The Bard Of Armagh (From "The Bard Of Armagh")

17. The Wearing Of The Green

18. Dear Little Shamrock

19. Come Back To Erin

20. Asthore

21. My Lagan Love

22. My Wild Irish Rose (From "A Romance Of Athlone")

x

Track List: The Religious Collection

1. The Rosary

2. Ave Maria (Bach)

3. Ave Maria

4. Adeste Fidelis

5. The Crucifix

6. The Lost Chord

7. Jesus My Lord My God My All

8. Holy God We Praise Thy Name

9. Christ Went Up Into The Hills Alone

10. The Palms

11. Just For Today

12. The Holy Child

13. Panis Angelicus

14. Night And Dreams - To The Lyre

15. Bless This House

16. The Hymn To Christ The King

17. Skylark And Swallow / A Prayer To Our Lady

18. When The Children Say Their Prayers

19. God Keep You Is My Prayer

20. Jesus Christ, The Son Of God

21. Praise Ye The Lord

x

Track List: Great Voices Of The Century

1. Una Furiva Lagrima

2. Oh, Sleep! Why Dost Thou Leave Me!

3. Come My Beloved

4. Il Mio Tesoro

5. Ridente La Calma

6. Serenade: Mi Par D'Udir Ancora

7. Parigi, O Cara

8. Before My Window

9. Ganymed

10. Herr, Was Trägt Der Boden Heir?

11. Jeannie With The Light Brown Hair

12. The Garden Where The Praties Grow

13. Macushla

14. The Foggy Dew

15. The Star Of The County Down

16. Kathleen Mavourneen

17. Little Town In The Auld County Down

18. Mother Machree

19. Terence's Farewell To Kathleen

20. Off To Philadelphia

21. I Hear You Calling Me

Comments

Report as inappropriate
christmas39
Love this John McCormack! Wish they would play more from Between Our Hearts as well as some of his earlier CDs...great stuff on there...voca l and instrumental .
Report as inappropriate
Wrong John McCormack ! I wanted the famous Irish (and operatic) tenor of the early 1900s.
Report as inappropriate
Was a great opera and classical singer of the early 1900's. Irish songs at their greatest!
Report as inappropriate
Similar to Stan Rogers' voice, or I hear Gordon Lightfoot, too.
Report as inappropriate
dbbnjy
I don"t especially like the "similar" artists -- just, only, exclusively John McCormack
Report as inappropriate
yes, we are looking for THE heart-touchi n g voice of John McCormack, Irish Tenor. Surely there are current CD's available on this music station ? also, Harry Lauder, etc, of that era. The Late-Greats. . . .
Report as inappropriate
jimsdottir
I was looking for the great Irish tenor also. Sigh
Report as inappropriate
george.flemi n g 8
Sadly, this is not John McCormack (14 June 1884 – 16 September 1945), the great Irish tenor.
Report as inappropriate
oh an irish lad singing a sad song. i go for this. gordon lightfoot i hear in his voice

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