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Heitor Villa-Lobos

March 5, 1887 - November 17, 1959
born in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, composed during the Modern period
The music of Heitor Villa-Lobos is known for its characteristic nationalism, driving rhythms, and original instrumentation. He was trained as an autodidact opposed to academic instruction, his music grew in a completely independent and individual fashion.

Villa-Lobos began studying music at an early age, when his father, a worker at the National Library and an amateur musician, taught him to play cello, viola, and guitar. These early influences later became evident in the orchestration of some of his more prominent works. Although he intended to enter school to study medicine, Villa-Lobos soon found that he preferred spending time with the local popular musicians, becoming familiar with the various musical styles native to Rio de Janeiro's street and night life. Among other skills, he learned to improvise guitar melodies over the "choro," a popular instrumental genre of the time, which lent Villa-Lobos the effortless Latin nationality so strongly present in his music.

From the ages of 18 to 25 he traveled extensively throughout Brazil and the African-influenced Caribbean nations, collecting themes and assessing the major style characteristics of the local musics. It was also during this time that Villa-Lobos composed his first major compositions, most notably his Piano Trio No. 1.

When he returned to Rio de Janeiro in 1912, Villa-Lobos briefly attempted to receive a more formalized education, but his personality and musical practice proved ill-matched with the academic establishment and, although he made important connections with the faculty, he soon left classes. He spent the next ten years composing and playing freelance cello in cafes and cinemas to earn a living. He eventually gained national recognition and a fair sum of government funding with the premiere of his Third Symphony, "A guerra," the first part of a symphonic trilogy commissioned by the Brazilian government to commemorate World War I.

From 1923 to 1930, Villa-Lobos found himself centered in Paris, where he was a huge success, his music being widely published and frequently performed. He eventually returned to Brazil, however, becoming one of the most esteemed artists of the new Nationalist regime, which lasted until 1945. During the 1930s, Villa-Lobos involved himself deeply and enthusiastically with public music education, once again traveling throughout Brazil to offer his services as a teacher and school coordinator. In 1945, his passion reached the ultimate fruition when he founded the Brazilian Academy of Music. He spent the last ten years of his life traveling and conducting, primarily in New York and Paris. ~ Graham Olson, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

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Track List: Guitar Music of Villa-Lobos

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Track List: Alma Brasileira A* Music Of Villa-Lobos

Title: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 4, For Piano & Orchestra, A. 424
Title: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 5, For Voice & 8 Cellos, A. 389
Title: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 7, For Orchestra, A. 247
Title: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 9, For Chorus (or String Orchestra), A. 449
Title: Chôros No. 10, For Chorus & Orchestra, "Rasga O Coraçao" (also Ballet, "Jurapary"), A. 209
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Track List: Heitor Villa-Lobos: The Complete Works For Solo Guitar

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Track List: Villa-Lobos: Bachianas

Title: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 5, For Voice & 8 Cellos, A. 389
Title: Chôros No. 1, For Guitar, "Tipico Brasileiro", A. 161
Title: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 4, For Piano & Orchestra, A. 424
Title: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 2, For Orchestra, A. 247
Title: Prelúdio, For Guitar No. 1 In E Minor, A. 419/1
Title: Fantasia For Saxophone, 2 Horns & Strings, A. 490, Op. 630
Title: Chôros No. 5, for piano, "Alma brasiliera", A. 207
Title: A Maré Encheu, For Piano (Guia Prático, For Piano, Album 1/2), A. 277/2
Title: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 3, For Piano & Orchestra, A. 388
Title: Estudio, For Guitar No. 1 In E Minor, A. 235/1
Title: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 1, For 8 Cellos, A. 246
Title: Floresta Do Amazonas (Forest Of The Amazon), Symphonic Poem For Voice, Male Chorus & Orchestra, A. 551
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Track List: Villa-Lobos: Chamber Music

Title: Assobio A Jato (The Jet Whistle), For Flute & Cello, A. 493
Title: Quintet, For Flute, Violin, Viola, Cello & Harp, A. 538
Title: O Canto Do Cysno Negro (Song Of The Black Swan), For Violin & Piano, A. 123
Title: Duo, For Violin & Viola, A. 463
Title: Vida Formosa, For Piano (Guia Prático, For Piano, Album 11/5), A. 473/5
Title: Nésta Rua (In Our Street), Song For Voice & Piano (Modinhas E Canções Album 2/3), A. 441/3
Title: Modinha, Song For Voice & Piano (Serestas No. 5), A. 216/5
Title: Canção De Cristal, Song For Voice & Piano, A. 494
Title: Cançao Do Marinheiro, For Voice & Piano (Modinhas E Canções I, No. 1), A. 365/1
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Track List: Villa-Lobos: Complete Music For Solo Guitar

Title: Chôros No. 1, For Guitar, "Tipico Brasileiro", A. 161
Title: Suite Populaire Brésilienne, a. 020
Title: Estudios (12), Etudes For Guitar, A. 235
Title: Prelúdios (5), For Guitar, A. 419
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Track List: Villa-Lobos: Instrumental Et Orchestral Works

Disc 1
Title: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 3, For Piano & Orchestra, A. 388
Title: Momoprecoce, Fantasy For Piano & Orchestra, A. 240
Disc 2
Title: Fantasia For Saxophone, 2 Horns & Strings, A. 490, Op. 630
Title: Guitar Concerto, A. 501
Title: A Prole Do Bebê (8), Suite For Piano, Book 1 ("A Família Do Bebê"), A. 140
Title: Festa No Sertão, For Piano (Ciclo Brasileiro No. 3), A. 374/3
Title: Chôros No. 5, for piano, "Alma brasiliera", A. 207
Title: A lenda do caboclo, for piano, A. 166
Title: Impressões Seresteiras, For Piano (Ciclo Brasileiro No. 2), A. 374/2
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Track List: Villa-Lobos: Music For Flute

Title: Quinteto Em Forme De Choros, For Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, English Horn (Or French Horn) & Bassoon, A. 231
Title: Modinha, Song For Voice & Piano (Serestas No. 5), A. 216/5
Title: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 6, For Flute & Bassoon, A. 392
Title: Distribuiçao de flôres (Distribution of Flowers), for flute & guitar, A. 381
Title: Assobio A Jato (The Jet Whistle), For Flute & Cello, A. 493
Title: Chôros No. 2, For Flute & Clarinet, A. 197
Title: Cançao Do Amor, For Voice & Orchestra (arranged From Floresta Do Amazonas), A. 546
Title: Trio, For Oboe, Clarinet & Bassoon, A. 182
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Track List: Villa-Lobos: Piano Music, Vol. 3

Title: Suite Floral (3), Suite For Piano, A. 117 (Op. 97)
Title: Ciclo Brasileiro (4), Suite For Piano, A. 374
Title: Brinquedo De Roda (6), Suite For Piano, A. 045
Title: Danças Características Africanas, For Piano, A. 85
Title: Tristorosa, Waltz For Piano, A. 034
Title: Chôros No. 1, For Guitar, "Tipico Brasileiro", A. 161
Title: Chôros No. 2, For Piano, A. 198
Title: Chôros No. 5, for piano, "Alma brasiliera", A. 207
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Track List: Villa-Lobos: Piano Music; Rudepoêma; As Três Marias

Title: Sul América, For Piano, A. 217
Title: New York Skyline Melody, For Piano, A. 407
Title: As Três Marias (3), Suite For Piano, A. 411
Title: Saudades Das Selvas Brasileiras, For Piano, A. 226
Title: O Gato E O Rato, For Piano (extant Segment Of A Lost Piano Suite), A. 076
Title: Petizada (6), Suite For Piano, A. 48
Title: Caixinha De Música Quebrada, For Piano, A. 256
Title: Menina Nas Nuvens, Opéra-comique In 3 Acts, A. 540
Title: Baliado Infantil, For Piano, A. 035
Title: Carnaval De Pierrot, For Piano
Title: Melodia Da Montanha (Mountain Melody), For Piano
Title: Rudepoêma, For Piano, A. 184

Comments

jvajrm
excellent
The beauty of this music is a treasure !! It touches my heart like nothing else !!! X
I love his version of La Bamba!
jsbm1
Amazing - hardly seems composed at all.
Did this song inspire I I Only Had a Brain from the Wizard of Oz?
Wow! :)
battstar
I hope that Brazil incorporates some of this music into the Olympics.
jg34362
I'm in love!
I have introduced his music to others, who agree that his is among the most beautiful music ever composed.
what beautiful music I love ever thing I hear of his.
Pandora continues to please me with their well chosen selections. This amongst a growing majority of those offered has been added to my favorites.
mbanbanaste
Wonderful!
i love him
Villa-Lobos extracts music from life. His freedom, not linked to a formal training, makes his music unique, and reflective of his people, of his culture.

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