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Fats Waller

Not only was Fats Waller one of the greatest pianists jazz has ever known, he was also one of its most exuberantly funny entertainers -- and as so often happens, one facet tends to obscure the other. His extraordinarily light and flexible touch belied his ample physical girth; he could swing as hard as any pianist alive or dead in his classic James P. Johnson-derived stride manner, with a powerful left hand delivering the octaves and tenths in a tireless, rapid, seamless stream. Waller also pioneered the use of the pipe organ and Hammond organ in jazz -- he called the pipe organ the "God box" -- adapting his irresistible sense of swing to the pedals and a staccato right hand while making imaginative changes of the registration. As a composer and improviser, his melodic invention rarely flagged, and he contributed fistfuls of joyous yet paradoxically winsome songs like "Honeysuckle Rose," "Ain't Misbehavin,'" "Keepin' Out of Mischief Now," "Blue Turning Grey Over You" and the extraordinary "Jitterbug Waltz" to the jazz repertoire.

During his lifetime and afterwards, though, Fats Waller was best known to the world for his outsized comic personality and sly vocals, where he would send up trashy tunes that Victor Records made him record with his nifty combo, Fats Waller & His Rhythm. Yet on virtually any of his records, whether the song is an evergreen standard or the most trite bit of doggerel that a Tin Pan Alley hack could serve up, you will hear a winning combination of good knockabout humor, foot-tapping rhythm and fantastic piano playing. Today, almost all of Fats Waller's studio recordings can be found on RCA's on-again-off-again series The Complete Fats Waller, which commenced on LPs in 1975 and was still in progress during the 1990s.

Thomas "Fats" Waller came from a Harlem household where his father was a Baptist lay preacher and his mother played piano and organ. Waller took up the piano at age six, playing in a school orchestra led by Edgar Sampson (of Chick Webb fame). After his mother died when he was 14, Waller moved into the home of pianist Russell Brooks, where he met and studied with James P. Johnson. Later, Waller also received classical lessons from Carl Bohm and the famous pianist Leopold Godowsky. After making his first record at age 18 for Okeh in 1922, "Birmingham Blues"/"'Muscle Shoals Blues,"" he backed various blues singers and worked as house pianist and organist at rent parties and in movie theaters and clubs. He began to attract attention as a composer during the early- and mid-'20s, forming a most fruitful alliance with lyricist Andy Razaf that resulted in three Broadway shows in the late '20s, Keep Shufflin', Load of Coal, and Hot Chocolates.

Waller started making records for Victor in 1926; his most significant early records for that label were a series of brilliant 1929 solo piano sides of his own compositions like "Handful of Keys" and "Smashing Thirds." After finally signing an exclusive Victor contract in 1934, he began the long-running, prolific series of records with His Rhythm, which won him great fame and produced several hits, including "Your Feet's Too Big," "The Joint Is Jumpin'" and "I'm Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself a Letter." He began to appear in films like Hooray for Love and King of Burlesque in 1935 while continuing regular appearances on radio that dated back to 1923. He toured Europe in 1938, made organ recordings in London for HMV, and appeared on one of the first television broadcasts. He returned to London the following spring to record his most extensive composition, "London Suite" for piano and percussion, and embark on an extensive continental tour (which, alas, was canceled by fears of impending war with Germany). Well aware of the popularity of big bands in the '30s, Waller tried to form his own, but they were short-lived.

Into the 1940s, Waller's touring schedule of the U.S. escalated, he contributed music to another musical, Early to Bed, the film appearances kept coming (including a memorable stretch of Stormy Weather where he led an all-star band that included Benny Carter, Slam Stewart and Zutty Singleton), the recordings continued to flow, and he continued to eat and drink in extremely heavy quantities. Years of draining alimony squabbles, plus overindulgence and, no doubt, frustration over not being taken more seriously as an artist, began to wear the pianist down. Finally, after becoming ill during a gig at the Zanzibar Room in Hollywood in December, 1943, Waller boarded the Santa Fe Chief train for the long trip back to New York. He never made it, dying of pneumonia aboard the train during a stop at Union Station in Kansas City.

While every clown longs to play Hamlet as per the cliche -- and Waller did have so-called serious musical pretensions, longing to follow in George Gershwin's footsteps and compose concert music -- it probably was not in the cards anyway due to the racial barriers of the first half of the 20th century. Besides, given the fact that Waller influenced a long line of pianists of and after his time, including Count Basie (who studied with Fats), Teddy Wilson, Art Tatum, Thelonious Monk, Dave Brubeck and countless others, his impact has been truly profound. ~ Richard S. Ginell, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

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Track List: Complete Recorded Works - Vol.5

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Track List: Complete Recorded Works, Vol. 4

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Track List: If You Got To Ask, You Ain't Got It

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Track List: Handful Of Keys (Box Set)

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Comments

you guys leave some great comments. It also helps me gain a larger sense of what I want to look for next.
Fats Waller what more could be said?
Fell in deep love with the sound track from Ain't Misbehavin' (original production with Nell Carter. Oh how I miss that entertainer. Fats Waller is just part of the constant soundtrack that plays in my head when Im awake.
Got to love Fats, I here Fats in Randy Newman...
His 'A New Kind Of Man Looking For A New Kind Of Woman, etc etc. is the VERY BEST! Since I was a child, something about that piece struck such a chord in my soul. To this day, I get a little thrill every time I hear it (from the very first couple of notes) . I never get tired of it. Sometimes play it over and over. He was a Musical GENIUS and I wish I could have been alive to sit near his piano for hours while he played.. :-)
webersf
an inspiration to so many - Fats Waller lives forever much like the Duke
We always had to be better than good. But then you made the so called rules, ha ha ha.
This iiiiiis the end ooof the RECORD!
One never knows, do one?
Pioneer!
:) great music!!!
Amazing musician.
@ XchicaX maybe they though you had some class...
noodlespoodl e s
Don't read this because it actually works. You will be kissed on the nearest Friday by the love of your life. tomorrow will be the best day of your life. However if you don't post this you will die in 2 days. Now you have started reading this so don't stop. This is so scary put this on at least 5 songs in the next 143 minutes. When done press f6 and your lovers name will appear on the screen in big letters this is so scary because it actually works
My main man here��
My father adored him and so do I. I hope my son will also come to appreciate the immortal Fats Waller.
Lol why is this on my Pandora? xD
He is SO GOOD in so many ways !! Just unbelievable !
LOVE him to itsy bits!
I love it. One of the greatest
one of the geatest among the greats
JUST PLAIN FABJLOUS
The great fats he tickle s those lvory keys like no other
Love it, can't beat Fats
Just........ . . . . . . . . . W O W ! !
apontegraphi c s
Love Fats :)
crtfly
He was a king!
nothingcleve r
Fats is great!
gratwicker
Joy and unadulterate d Pleasure. Mike Katz
And make that an Amen from me as well.

















!
Gman...if Fats is one of the three...bett e r make that five courses.
Amen to Gman, I'm with you!
If I had a one-wish time machine and could invite 3 other people from all of history to sit down for a 4-course dinner...Fat s would be one of them.
bawood8
This is Ralph Sutton, not Fats Waller.
cala48
Love it!
My friend Fats, he's a hell of a guy!!! Let me tell you why...
Probably my first musical "hero" discovered 70 years ago on a 78 recording of Ain't Misbehavin-I loved it then (as a recent high school grad ignorant of all music) and its just gotten better with time.
The Fat man wailed!
A showman and agreat talent.The complete entertainer.
a bad muther fur shure...




I know i mispelled... . j i c
A real showman he was. That cat could play, too. No slouch on the ivories, that's for sure.
kristykruger
Oh sweet Jesus!!!! This is my man!!!! One of THE greatest musicians and entertainers of all time! This man just had it all! The ideas of a jazz great, the technique of a classical pianist, the presence of a theatrical performer, comedy, a voice like butter...fun n y , talented man. They just don't make 'em like this anymore!
drfredbuck
Wasn't He ALL MUSIC!!
Fats Waller had both the meat and the potatoes.
lelandosby
FATS WALLER WAS A GENIUS MUSICIAN AND ONE OF MY FAVORITES!IN THE CLASS WITH LOUIS ARMSTRONG and BILLIE HOLIDAY.
like it !
I am fond of Fats Waller's style of piano playing because when I began a lifetime of playing the piano, his style(stride ) was very much in vogue. Thus, along with my studies of classical music,I tried to play this style almost from the beginning. I made a living as a pianist for most of my 86 years of life.
Dick Mullaney
Love It!
Can't seem to find my two favorits:
Hit that jive Jack and
Bootlieackas a c k i want's some seafood Mama!
Or, am I off base from my very long memory bank?
Albertus
One of a kind!!! Total command of the "88s" plus comedic talent. A unique combination.
Great pianist. Saddly the only song I heard from him when I was young was "Your Feets Too Big".
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