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Dietrich Buxtehude

1637 - May 9, 1707
born in Helsingborg, Sweden, composed during the Baroque period
Dietrich Buxtehude is probably most familiar to modern classical music audiences as the man who inspired the young Johann Sebastian Bach to make a lengthy pilgrimage to Lubeck, Buxtehude's place of employment and residence for most of his life, just to hear Buxtehude play the organ. But Buxtehude was a major figure among German Baroque composers in his own right. Though we do not have copies of much of the work that most impressed his contemporaries, Buxtehude nonetheless left behind a body of vocal and instrumental music which is distinguished by its contrapuntal skill, devotional atmosphere, and raw intensity. He helped develop the form of the church cantata, later perfected by Bach, and he was just as famous a virtuoso on the organ.

No documentation exists for Buxtehude's birth, though he said late in life that he was a native Dane. Since his father, Johannes, was organist and schoolmaster at Oldesloe, Denmark, until 1638, it is a reasonable guess that Dietrich was born there. Johannes moved to Helsingborg in 1638 and to Helsingor in 1641 or 1642, where he stayed until 1671. After learning the organ at the feet of his father, Buxtehude became organist at his father's former church in Helsingor in 1657 or 1658; he then moved to a German-speaking congregation in Helsingborg in 1660. Buxtehude decided to stop following in his father's footsteps when the prestigious position of organist at the Marienkirche in Lubeck became available; after several others were rejected, Buxtehude got the job on April 11, 1668. He also married the outgoing organist's youngest daughter, Anna Margarethe Tunder, which may have been a condition of taking the post, and certainly was a condition when Buxtehude sought a replacement for himself. Buxtehude was organist at the Marienkirche for the rest of his life. His official duties were to provide congregational chorales and other musical interludes for every service, and to act as treasurer, secretary, and business manager of the church. He was most famous, however, for his Abendmusik concerts, held following the afternoon service on five Sundays a year and on special occasions. Although these concerts are universally described as extraordinary, and were the basis of most of Buxtehude's contemporary fame, very little music from them has survived. Two of the most famous Abendmusik concerts, held on December 2 and 3, 1705, and commemorating the death of Emperor Leopold I and the ascension of Joseph I, were probably attended by Bach on his pilgrimage. Buxtehude had an opportunity for early retirement in 1703, when Georg Friederic Handel and Johann Matheson (famous organists both) visited him; Matheson had been thinking of succeeding Buxtehude at his post, but balked at the requirement to marry Buxtehude's daughter Anna Margareta, and the visit came to nought. After Buxtehude died on May 9, 1707, the church found another organist willing to marry his daughter.

Historically, Buxtehude's organ music has been studied because of its direct influence on Bach; Buxtehude wrote the first truly idiomatic fugues for the organ and was one of the first to experiment with the structure that Bach later codified into the prelude and fugue. Buxtehude is generally considered the greatest organist between Scheidt and Bach and is regarded as the originator of the German organ toccata. However, in addition to the keyboard music that so impressed his contemporaries, he also wrote some extraordinary works for trios involving the viola da gamba. His vocal works shared the devotion and intellectual rigor of his instrumental work, and were also much admired. ~ Andrew Lindemann Malone, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

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Track List: Buxtehude: Complete Works For Organ, Vol. 1

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Track List: Buxtehude: Complete Works for Organ, Vol. 2

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Track List: Buxtehude: Harpsichord Works

Title: Toccata For Keyboard In G Major, BuxWV 165
Title: Aria: La Capricciosa, Variations (32) For Keyboard In G Major, BuxWV 250
Title: Chorale Prelude For Keyboard In E Minor, BuxWV 179, "Auf Meinen Lieben Gott"
Title: Praeludium For Keyboard In G Major, BuxWV 162
Title: Aria And 3 Variations, For Harpsichord In A Minor, BuxWV 249
Title: Praeludium For Keyboard In G Minor, BuxWV 163
Title: Suite For Harpsichord In G Minor BuxWV 241
Title: Canzonetta For Keyboard In G Major, BuxWV 171
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Track List: Buxtehude: Organ Music, Vol. 3

Title: Praeludium For Organ In F Sharp Minor, BuxWV 146
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In Dorian Mode, BuxWV 180, "Christ, Unser Herr Zum Jordan Kam"
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In G Major, BuxWV 182, "Der Tag, Der Ist So Freudenreich"
Title: Ciacona For Organ In C Minor, BuxWV 159
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In C Major, BuxWV 184, "Ein' Feste Burg Ist Unser Gott"
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In G Minor, BuxWV 185, "Erhalt Uns, Herr, Bei Deinem Wort"
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In The Phrygian Mode, BuxWV 218, "Te Deum Laudamus"
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In G Major, BuxWV 210, "Nun Freut Euch Lieben Christen G'mein"
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In The Dorian Mode, BuxWV 183, "Durch Adams Fall Ist Ganz Verderbt"
Title: Passacaglia For Organ In D Minor, BuxWV 161
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In C Major, BuxWV 186, "Es Ist Das Heil Uns Kommen Her"
Title: Praeludium For Organ In E Minor, BuxWV 142
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Track List: Buxtehude: Organ Music, Vol. 4

Title: Praeludium For Organ In D Minor, BuxWV 140
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In G Major, BuxWV 208, "Nun Bitten Wir Den Heligen Geist"
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In F Major, BuxWV 200, "Komm Heiliger Geist, Herre Gott"
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In A Minor, BuxWV 193, "Herr Jesu Christ, Ich Weiss Gar Wohl"
Title: Canzonetta For Keyboard In G Major, BuxWV 171
Title: Praeludium For Organ In E Major, BuxWV 141
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In D Minor, BuxWV 177, "Ach Gott Und Herr"
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In G Minor, BuxWV 181, "Danket Dem Herrn"
Title: Canzona For Keyboard In D Minor, BuxWV 168
Title: Praeludium For Organ In E Minor, BuxWV 143
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In G Major, BuxWV 189, "Gelobet Seist Du, Jesu Christ"
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In G Minor, BuxWV 211, "Nun Komm Der Heiden Heiland"
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In A Minor, BuxWV 217, "Puer Natus In Bethlehem"
Title: Canzona For Keyboard In E Minor, BuxWV 169
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In G Major, BuxWV 202, "Lobt Gott, Ihr Christen, Allzugleich"
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In G Major, BuxWV 187, "Es Spricht Der Unweisen Mund Wohl"
Title: Toccata For Organ In D Minor, BuxWV 155
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Track List: Buxtehude: Organ Music, Vol. 6

Title: Praeludium For Organ In G Minor, BuxWV 150
Title: Canzona For Keyboard In C Major, BuxWV 166
Title: Chorale Prelude For Keyboard, BuxWV 215, "Nun Lob, Mein Seel, Den Herren"
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In G Major, BuxWV 213, "Nun Lob Meine Seele Den Herren"
Title: Magnificat Primi Toni For Organ, BuxWV 204
Title: Praeludium For Organ In F Major, BuxWV 145
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In F Major, BuxWV 194, "Ich Dank Dir, Lieber Herre"
Title: Canzonetta For Organ In A Minor, BuxWV 225
Title: Chorale Prelude For Organ In A Minor, BuxWV 222, "Wär Gott Nicht Mit Uns Diese Zeit"
Title: Praeludium For Organ In C Major, BuxWV 136
Title: Chorale Prelude For Keyboard In E Minor, BuxWV 179, "Auf Meinen Lieben Gott"
Title: Toccata For Keyboard In G Major, BuxWV 165
Title: Praeludium For Keyboard In G Major, BuxWV 162
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Track List: Buxtehude: Sacred Cantatas, Vol 1 /Kirkby * Leblanc * Harvey * Purcell Quartet

Title: Ich Habe Lust Abzuscheiden, For SSB Voices, 2 Violins, Violone & Continuo, BuxWV 47 (revision Of BuxWV46)
Title: Salve, Jesu, Patris Gnate Unigenite, For SS Voices, 2 Violins & Continuo, BuxWV 94
Title: Jesu Dulcis Memoria, For 2 Sopranos, 2 Violins, Bassoon & Continuo, BuxWV 56
Title: Mein Herz Ist Bereit, For Bass, 3 Violins, Violone & Continuo, BuxWV 73
Title: Fugue (Gigue) For Keyboard In C Major, BuxWV 174
Title: Cantate Domino Canticum Novum, For SSB Voices & Continuo, BuxWV 12
Title: Ich Halte Es Dafür, For SB Voices, Violin, Violetta, Violone & Continuo, BuxWV 48
Title: Herr, Wenn Ich Nur Dich Hab', For Soprano, 2 Violins & Continuo, BuxWV 38
Title: Jesu Meine Freude, For SSB Voices, 2 Violins, Bassoon & Continuo, BuxWV 60
x

Track List: Buxtehude: Seven Sonatas, Op. 1

Title: Sonata for 2 violins, viola da gamba & harpsichord in F major, Op. 1/1, BuxWV 252
Title: Sonata for 2 violins, viola da gamba & harpsichord in G major, Op. 1/2, BuxWV 253
Title: Sonata for 2 violins, viola da gamba & harpsichord in A minor, Op. 1/3, BuxWV 254
Title: Sonata for 2 violins, viola da gamba & harpsichord in B flat major, Op. 1/4, BuxWV 255
Title: Sonata for 2 violins, viola da gamba & harpsichord in C major, Op. 1/5, BuxWV 256
Title: Sonata for 2 violins, viola da gamba & harpsichord in D minor, Op. 1/6, BuxWV 257
Title: Sonata for 2 violins, viola da gamba & harpsichord, in E minor, Op. 1/7, BuxWV 258
x

Track List: Buxtehude: Seven Trio Sonatas, Op. 2

Title: Sonata For Violin, Viola Da Gamba & Harpsichord In B Flat Major, Op. 2/1, BuxWV 259
Title: Sonata For Violin, Viola Da Gamba & Harpsichord In D Major, Op. 2/2, BuxWV 260
Title: Sonata For Violin, Viola Da Gamba & Harpsichord In G Minor, Op. 2/3, BuxWV 261
Title: Sonata For Violin, Viola Da Gamba & Harpsichord In C Minor, Op. 2/4, BuxWV 262
Title: Sonata For Violin, Viola Da Gamba & Harpsichord In A Major, Op. 2/5, BuxWV 263
Title: Sonata For Violin, Viola Da Gamba & Harpsichord In E Major, Op. 2/6, BuxWV 264
Title: Sonata For Violin, Viola Da Gamba & Harpsichord In F Major, Op. 2/7, BuxWV 265
x

Track List: Buxtehude: Vocal Music, Vol. 1

Title: O Fröhliche Stunden, O Fröhliche Zeit, For Soprano, 2 Violins, Violone & Continuo, BuxWV 84
Title: O Dulcis Jesu, For Soprano, 2 Violins & Continuo, BuxWV 83
Title: Fried- Und Freudenreiche Hinfahrt, Cantata In 2 Sections For SB Voices, Instruments & Continuo, BuxWV 76
Title: Was Mich Auf Dieser Welt Betrübt, For Soprano, 2 Violins & Continuo, BuxWV 105
Title: Fried- Und Freudenreiche Hinfahrt, Cantata In 2 Sections For SB Voices, Instruments & Continuo, BuxWV 76
Title: Schaffe In Mir, Gott, For Soprano, 2 Violins, Violone & Continuo, BuxWV 95
Title: Fried- Und Freudenreiche Hinfahrt, Cantata In 2 Sections For SB Voices, Instruments & Continuo, BuxWV 76
Title: Gen Himmel Zu Dem Vater Mein, Chorale Concerto For Soprano, Violin, Viola Da Gamba & Continuo, BuxWV 32
Title: Fried- Und Freudenreiche Hinfahrt, Cantata In 2 Sections For SB Voices, Instruments & Continuo, BuxWV 76
Title: Singet Dem Herrn Ein Neues Lied, For Soprano, Violin & Continuo, BuxWV 98
Title: Fried- Und Freudenreiche Hinfahrt, Cantata In 2 Sections For SB Voices, Instruments & Continuo, BuxWV 76
Title: Sicut Moses Exaltavit Serpentem, For Soprano, 2 Violins, Viola Da Gamba & Continuo, BuxWV 97
Title: Herr, Wenn Ich Nur Dich Hab', For Soprano, 2 Violins & Continuo, BuxWV 38
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Track List: The Buxtehude Project, Vol. 2: Harpsichord Music

Title: Suite For Harpsichord In C Major, BuxWV 230
Title: Suite For Harpsichord In D Minor, BuxWV 233
Title: Arias: More Palatino, Variations (12) For Keyboard In C Major, BuxWV 247
Title: Suite For Harpsichord In E Minor, BuxWV 235
Title: Aria: La Capricciosa, Variations (32) For Keyboard In G Major, BuxWV 250

Comments

landmmarx
Leave a comment…
This is a serious site pls stop with the kiss ur hand postingd
Dear Julia (Brown,)
Are you THE same Juliia from Eugene, Oregon who teaches @ the U of O (Home of the Mighty Ducks?)

Thank you for getting me back into playing the organ for services!
Your first recommend led me into a position in San Diego worth more than $50,000.00 annually -- I won the job over the organist from the Vatican, St. Peter's Basilica, Rome... He turned his nose up @ the salary... I jumped on the BIG BUCKS!

Thank You VERY Much, Julia,
Gordon Zeller
zeller@live. c o m
Dear Wolfgang, (Rubsam)
I remember meeting you as we were both teens, @ the time, (you, a bit older, perhaps in your 20's), in Germany while I was on tour playing the cathedral concert circuit! I know that you, surely, do not recall our meeting where you played a Bach trio sonata for me & my teacher, Mr. William Fawk of Salem, Oregon (now deceased) but I have, also, played the organ @ the Lutheran Church here in Eugene, Oregon, USA. THANKS FOR THE MEMORIES!
Yours, Gordon Zeller zeller@live. c o m
baroque baubles beautifully buoyant!
Don't read this because it actually works. You will get kissed on the nearest possible Friday by the love of your life. Tomorrow will be the the best day of your life. However if you do not post this comment on at least 3 different songs you will die in 2 days. Now you've started reading this so don't stop. This is so scary put this on at least 5 songs in at least 143 minutes when if done press f6 and your lovers name will appear on the screen in big letters this is scary cuz it actually works
jesse.adcock 8 7
You sir, had an incredible name. Well done. Your music was good as well.
I prefer Buxtehude 's non organ works such as this. Love it,!!!!!!
getting some work done and rocking to some oldies but goodies...
Excellent stuff. Organ music always sounds better at night!
Pandora has only these 11 CDs (as of 25 May 2011)? This is an important composer, as are all the classical composers, and there's a lot more of his music to discover, the organ CDs above do not have all the music, and there are several complete editions of that, plus substantive recording series of his other works now and in the works.
retropat
Da whoodah haddah heedee? dah heedahahdda whodee? Dah haddah whoodah heedee!!!
retropat
Are u blonde?
his name is pronounce boots/dah/wh o / d a h
retropat
I dont think the dude cares how his name is pronounced, it all about the pipes, Baby. Luschious!
yes how do you?
How do you pronounce "Buxtehude?"
126231854
I love finding these new composers that inspired the greats. I hope to discover more.
bilt
Helsingborg (pronounced , spelled Hälsingborg between 1912 and 1971) is a city in Scania in the southernmost part of Sweden.
as a baroque novice i am very unfamiliar with alot of what i am hearing, however this was truly nice

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