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Gregorian Chant

composed during the Medieval period
Gregorian Chant, or plainchant, is the great body of monophonic song developed by the early Christian church for use in worship. Most chant texts are drawn from the Latin Vulgate, which is the Holy Bible as translated and edited by the Roman Catholic Church. Since the Middle Ages, chants have been collected and published in various groupings. In the standard 1903 Editio Vaticana, chants are divided by liturgical type. masses are compiled in a volume known as the Gradual. The second volume is known as the Breviary and contains the Offices or "Hours," psalm settings, chants for Saints' or Feast Days, hymns, sequences, and other occasional pieces. Strict regulations dictate when these works are to be performed.

Prior to about 800 A.D., music and liturgy varied widely across the Holy Roman Empire. Nowhere was this more problematic than in Gaul, where churches and monasteries displayed a chaotic variety of practices nearly unique to each house of worship. Reforms instituted in Gaul under King Pippin III in 754, with encouragement from Rome and the support of Pippin's successor, Charlemagne, led to the creation of a standard body of chant. Regional churches were forced to conform to this standard, although Milan was spared. The notion identifying Gregory the Great (d. 604) as the divinely inspired composer of the chant (hence the term "Gregorian chant") is unsupportable historically. Nevertheless, the standardization process to which the story indirectly points was a crucially important development. For standardization called forth notation, a process that changed the course of European music.

Early chant notation utilized a wide variety of "neumes," which we might informally call squiggles that indicate the rise and fall of the voice. Over several centuries, simple clefs were devised and a single staff line employed. When eleventh century French theorist Guido of Arezzo introduced a staff of four lines, the result was a chant notation still comprehensible today -- at least in the realm of melody.

Chants were and are classified according to various other parameters besides liturgical function. Eighth and ninth century monastic theorists of chant adopted a system of eight standard modes adapted from ancient Greek writings; each mode was associated with a reciting tone used for large stretches of text. Chants are also referred to as syllabic (having one note per syllable), neumatic (mostly with several notes for each syllable), or melismatic (having many notes for each syllable). The towering melismatic chants of the Mass Proper (the parts of the mass that change over the liturgical year) are perhaps the most satisfying for modern listeners; some think that these very florid chants are among the oldest preserved in the repertory.

The chant repertory was not static; monks continued to create new chants even after the rise of polyphony. In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries there was an unprecedented increase in the number of sequences, hymns, tropes, and other incidental pieces added to the liturgy. These were not necessarily limited to the Vulgate; many are based on sacred poems and reflect the influence of popular taste. The Council of Trent in 1508 barred the tropes from sacred practice, limiting the number of acceptable sequences to three and allowing only a few hymns to remain in use.

In the nineteenth century, Benedictine monks at the Abbey of Solesmes undertook an exhaustive review of old plainchant sources; the Editio Vaticana that resulted remains a standard source of the liturgical chant used in Roman Catholic Churches throughout the world until the 1960s. The Liber Usualis, a standard-use chant book, is a compilation of frequently sung chants selected from among the many that exist for every part of the liturgy. ~ Uncle Dave Lewis , Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

x

Track List: Mysteria

Title: Immutemur, Antiphon
Title: Kyrie XVII
Title: Laetatus Sum, Gradual In Mode 7 (Liber Usualis No. 560, GR 139)
Title: Hosanna Filio David, Antiphon For Palm Sunday
Title: Dominus Iesus, Antiphon In Mode 2
Title: Tenebrae, Responsory In Mode 7 (Liber Usualis, No. 680)
Title: Pange Lingua, Hymn In Mode 1
Title: Reproaches And Trisagion
Title: Vexilla Regis Prodeunt, Hymn In Mode 1 (Liber Usualis No. 575)
Title: Gloria In Excelsis
Title: Alleluia, Alleluia, Pascha Nostrum Immolatis Est Christus, In Mode 7, For Easter Sunday
Title: Victimae Paschali Laudes, Sequence In Mode 1 For Easter (1. T/GR 198, Liber Usualis No. 780)
Title: Jubilate Deo Universa, Offertory In Mode 1, (Liber Usualis, 486b)
Title: Agnus Dei XVII
Title: Alma Redmeptoris, Antiphon In Mode 5
Title: Ave Regina Caelorum, Antiphon In Mode 6
Title: Regina Caeli, Antiphon In Honor Of Our Lady
Title: Salve Regina, Antiphon In Mode 1
x

Track List: Singing With Mary And The Saints

x

Track List: Ultimate Chants II

Disc 1
Disc 2

Comments

I just discovered these chants and I'm glad I did. This is very beautiful.
While I am not Catholic, as a Christian i love listening to these chants that have come down through the ages. Praising our Holy God! The faithful will never cease to praise Him. Here on earth and in the Heaven we wait to see.
I'm atheist, but still, this is the most beautiful thing to come out of the Christian faith, especially in the Dark Ages.
saralberlang a 5
@pete.reckin g e r Let us never think we are holier than the Pope.
This type of music would never slither it is The Words of God Gregorian chant was based on biblical writing Forgive them they know not what they do
Still trying to figure out how this type of music managed to slither into my RITTZ station. What the hell pandora...
This is absolutely the most relaxing and beautiful voices of chanting; Praise to God, the most High! I wish I could hear this every Sunday at Mass. My mother use to sing in Catholic Choir and this was always my favorite closeness way to feel the Presence of God.
Inner priest to Yee<> sense of forgiveness. . of self and of others ..angels singing this to audience....
Wonderful presentation . Calming influence.
I feel that this is as close to what the angels in heaven sound like that we can enjoy here on earth. One day, I will enjoy hearing the angels themselves. Most relaxing music, peaceful and God centered.
I love God, I love the Priesthood.
How beautiful. I can
Think of no way to praise Christ Jesus than plainc
Beautiful! Makes me feel so close to God.
Good Heavens! I love chant. It reminds me of such happier times in the Catholic Church. Too bad Vatican Council II through the baby out with the bath water when attempting to modernize the church. I'm happy I landed here when attempting to find some Easter music. Couldn't even find Easter Parade or Peter Cottontail. What's up with that? Thank goodness I thought of checking out some appropriate Gregorian Chant!
God put it on my heart just a minute ago to request the Gregorian Chants on Pandora. I used to listen to these chants long ago. I'm thinking the Angelic Choir will be singing these chants as they descend to Earth with Jesus Christ who is coming back soon. May God continue to bless us with Divine Music, and touch the hearts of stone who are all around us, and turn them all to flesh, and make us all ready for the Rapture which is to take place sooner than we think.
If this music doesn't bring you closer to God and feel wrapped in spirituality , I am not sure what will.
incubus369
I'm not religious at all, maybe a little (recently) spritually open, but this music really takes me a to a place I like to think is the middle ages or around that time, or maybe a more fantastical place that is similar. A place of castles, dragons, wizards, sorcerers, kingdoms and swords. :)
praytherosar y 9
So, soothing to the soul, thank you Jesus...
Im not catholic but its crazy how there is such s distinct difference bewtween this and the modern church hymms that i was used to hearing when i had religion pushed at me as a kid. This is way different and relaxing i like it. Qudos pandora.
Thank u!
Ahhhh, I love all of our Catholic music. So relaxing. Truly music to my ears.
rdoylesr2
When was Chant not religious?? lmao you cant make something untrue just because you oppose and idea.... enjoy and relax.
Great just great
cherylconkli n 1
we are very catholic and always listen to this music
dsatoris
Love this music...and being religious is a plus!
Relaxing Music. Too bad is religion-rel a t e d
hpowell9798
Angelic chanting
sueleonard50
The mystical unites us all as we free our thinking selves to contemplate the transcendent a l nature of our humanity. Savor the tranquility! Jack
p.cook83
Very beautiful music. Divinely inspired
This music is a great gift.
Was taught Gregorian chant by Benedictine nun in grade school waaaay back, and still hold an affinity for it. Divinely awesome!
Great music, Glory to our Lord Jesus!
bdbarnes.eng l i s h
Thank you very much, Pandora, for making this music available all day long. I listen to it for hours on end.
This music is to praise God!
lauranegron
Deo Gratias
labonviee
I love to listen to Chant during Christmas. When it’s time to decorate my Christmas tree I like to pour myself a glass of red wine, light a few candles turn down the lights and listen to chant while I and some friend travel back in time to the Middle Ages. It seems to give the tree and it decorations more meaning.
exivonneridd l e
I am not catholic, but this music goes farther than only religious it's for the soul.
I am not Catholic but we sing the Ordinary of the Mass in school.
I'm a healer and I love this type of music.
I am a Catholic but even if I wast not I would like this music.anyway . I can spend hours listening to it. I fall asleep everynight listening to Gregorian music. God Bless you all!
pax Domini sit semper vobiscum
Thank God Almighty for the one and only true Church founded by Jesus CHrist (Catholicism ) and not mere mortals like the other splinters of beliefs
gailtoto03
I listen to it at night and it helps me relax and have such a peaceful sleep. Try it!
This is gorgeous. I'm not Catholic, but this is so pretty anyway. Keep on chanting! Old is GOOD!
butterfly_an a l i s a _ b a b y
I don't think you have to be Catholic or even Christian to enjoy the quiet calm and peace this music brings to your mind and soul. i can't help but let any anger or stress I'm go while listening.
cherylconkli n 1
No one ever listens to peaceful music any more!
tcuesta11
This soft and tranquil form of music is so beautifully refreshing to the mind and soul. I always truly feel as if I am in the presence of God listening to it while doing my Hours. While helping me concentrate on prayer, Gregorian Chant allows me to disengage from the havoc of the world and meditate more deeply into the glory of God. How we are blessed with such sacred music!
Music transcends beliefs.
Very tenderizing to my muscles. It makes my leg muscles feel fantastic, and in particular, very calming to my heart...ahh, so nice. Ahhhh, so nice, so nice, sooooo nice ! ! ! ! EEEEEEEEEEEE E E AAAAAAAAAAAA A A A A A A A EEEEEEEEEEEE E E E E AAAAAAAAAAAA A A A ! ! ! ! ! ! !
i am an athiest by inclination and choice the form and tonal quality of plainchant or Gregorian chant is as soothing to me as just about anyone else my definate choice when drifting into the world of dreams and shifting visions (sleep)
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