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Bing Crosby

Bing Crosby was, without doubt, the most popular and influential media star of the first half of the 20th century. The undisputed best-selling artist until well into the rock era (with over half a billion records in circulation), the most popular radio star of all time, and the biggest box-office draw of the 1940s, Crosby dominated the entertainment world from the Depression until the mid-'50s, and proved just as influential as he was popular. Unlike the many vocal artists before him, Crosby grew up with radio, and his intimate bedside manner was a style perfectly suited to emphasize the strengths of a medium transmitted directly into the home. He was also helped by the emerging microphone technology: scientists had perfected the electrically amplified recording process scant months before Crosby debuted on record, and in contrast to earlier vocalists, who were forced to strain their voices into the upper register to make an impression on mechanically recorded tracks, Crosby's warm, manly baritone crooned contentedly without a thought of excess.

Not to be forgotten in charting Bing Crosby's influence is the music itself. His song knowledge and sense of laid-back swing was learned from early jazz music, far less formal than the European-influenced classical and popular music used for inspiration by the vocalists of the 1910s and '20s. Jazz was by no means his main concentration, though, especially after the 1930s; Crosby instead blended contemporary pop hits with the best songs from a wide range of material (occasionally recording theme-oriented songs written by non-specialists as well, such as Cole Porter's notoriously un-Western "Don't Fence Me In"). His wide repertoire covered show tunes, film music, country & western songs, patriotic standards, religious hymns, holiday favorites, and ethnic ballads (most notably Irish and Hawaiian). The breadth of material wasn't threatening to audiences because Crosby put his own indelible stamp on each song he recorded, appealing to many different audiences while still not endangering his own fan base. Bing Crosby was among the first to actually read songs, making them his own by interpreting the lyrics and emphasizing words or phrases to emphasize what he thought best.

His influence and importance in terms of vocal ability and knowledge of American popular music are immense, but what made Bing Crosby more than anything else was his persona -- whether it was an artificial creation or something utterly natural to his own personality. Crosby represented the American everyman -- strong and stern to a point yet easygoing and affable, tolerant of other viewpoints but quick to defend God and the American way -- during the hard times of the Depression and World War II, when Americans most needed a symbol of what their country was all about.

Bing Crosby was born Harry Lillis Crosby in Tacoma, WA, on May 3, 1903. (Bingo was a childhood nickname from one of his favorite comic strips.) The fourth of seven children in a poverty-level family who loved to sing, he was briefly sent to vocal lessons early on by his mother, until he grew tired of the training. An early admirer of Al Jolson, Crosby saw his hero perform in 1917. Crosby sang in a high-school jazz band, and when he began attending nearby Gonzaga College (he had grown up practically in the middle of the campus), he ordered a drum set through the mail and practiced on the set. Introduced to a local bandleader named Al Rinker, he was invited to join Rinker's group, the Musicaladers, singing and playing drums with the group throughout college.

Though the Musicaladers broke up soon after his graduation in 1925, Bing Crosby was ready to stick with the music business. Crosby had made quite a bit of money during the band's career, and he and Rinker -- who was the brother of Mildred Bailey -- were confident they could make it in California. They packed up their belongings and headed out for Los Angeles, finding good money working in vaudeville until they were hired by Paul Whiteman, leader of the most popular jazz band in the country (and known as the "King of Jazz" in an era when black pioneers were mostly ignored since they were unmarketable). For a few songs during Whiteman's shows, Rinker and Crosby sang as the Rhythm Boys with Harry Barris (a pianist, arranger, vocal effects artist, and songwriter later renowned for "I Surrender Dear" and "Wrap Your Troubles in Dreams"). With their clever songwriting and stage routines, the trio soon became one of the Paul Whiteman Orchestra's most popular attractions, and Crosby took a vocal on one of Whiteman's biggest hits of 1927-1928, "Ol' Man River." Besides appearing on record with Whiteman's orchestra, the Rhythm Boys also recorded on their own, though an opportunity for Crosby to enlarge his part in the 1930 film King of Jazz with a solo song went unrealized, as he sat in the clink for a drunk-driving altercation.

When Whiteman again hit the road in 1930, the Rhythm Boys stayed behind on the West Coast. After Crosby hired his big brother Everett as a manager, he began recording consistently as a solo act with Brunswick Records in early 1931, and by year's end had chalked up several of the year's biggest hits, including "Out of Nowhere," "Just One More Chance," "I Found a Million-Dollar Baby," and "At Your Command." He appeared in three films that year, and in September began a popular CBS radio series. Its success was similarly unprecedented; in less than a year, the show was among the nation's most popular and earned Crosby a starring role in 1932's The Big Broadcast, which brought radio stars like Burns & Allen to the screen. By the midpoint of the decade, Crosby was among the top ten most popular film stars. His musical success had, if anything, gained momentum during the same time, producing some of the biggest hits of 1932-1934: "Please," "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?," "You're Getting to Be a Habit With Me," "Little Dutch Mill," "Love in Bloom," and "June in January."

"June in January," itself the biggest hit at that point in Crosby's young career, signaled a turn in his career. Brunswick executive Jack Kapp had just struck out on his own with an American subsidiary of the British Decca Records, and Crosby was lured over with the promise of higher royalty rates. Though his initial releases on Decca were recordings from his films of the year -- "June in January" was taken from Here Is My Heart -- Crosby began stretching out with religious material (such as "Silent Night, Holy Night," which became one of his biggest sellers, estimated at up to ten million). Late in 1935, he signed a contract for a radio show with NBC called Kraft Music Hall, an association that lasted into the mid-'40s. After his first musical director, Jimmy Dorsey, left, Crosby's songwriter friend Johnny Burke recommended John Scott Trotter (previously with the Hal Kemp Orchestra) as a replacement. Trotter quickly cinched the job when his arrangements for the 1936 film Pennies from Heaven produced the biggest hit of the year in its title song. (He would continue as Bing's orchestra arranger and bandleader into the mid-'50s.)

After the biggest hit of 1936, Bing Crosby followed up with -- what else? -- the biggest of 1937, just months later. "Sweet Leilani," from the similarly Hawaiian film Waikiki Wedding, showed Bing the direction his career could take over the course of the 1940s and '50s. Though he had recorded several cowboy songs earlier in the 1930s as well as the occasional song of inspiration, Crosby began covering everything under the sun, the popular hits of every genre of contemporary music. These weren't castoffs, either; many of his 1940s country & western covers were hits, such as "New San Antonio Rose," "You Are My Sunshine," "Deep in the Heart of Texas," "Pistol-Packin' Mama," "San Fernando Valley," and "Chattanoogie Shoe Shine Boy."

With the advent of American involvement in World War II, Bing Crosby entered the peak of his career. Arriving in 1940 was the first of his popular "Road" movies with old friend Bob Hope and Dorothy Lamour, along with three of the biggest hits of the year ("Sierra Sue," "Trade Winds," "Only Forever"). Crosby and Hope had first met in 1932, when the two both performed at the Capitol Theater in New York. They reunited later in the '30s to open a racetrack, and after reprising some old vaudeville routines, a Paramount Pictures producer decided to find a vehicle for the pair and came up with The Road to Singapore.

More popular success followed in 1941 with the introduction of the biggest hit of Papa Bing's career, "White Christmas." Written by Irving Berlin for 1942's Holiday Inn (a film that featured a Berlin song for each major holiday of the year), the single was debuted on Bing's radio show on Christmas Day, 1941. Recorded the following May and released in October, "White Christmas" stayed at number one for the rest of 1942. Reissued near Christmas for each of the next 20 years, it became the best-selling single of all time, with totals of over 30 million copies. It was a favorite for soldiers on the various USO tours Crosby attended during the war years, as was another holiday song, "I'll Be Home for Christmas." Crosby's popular success continued after the end of the war, and he remained the top box-office draw until 1948 (his fifth consecutive year at number one).

As with all the jazz-oriented stars of the first half of the 20th century, Crosby's chart popularity was obviously affected by the rise of rock & roll in the mid-'50s. Though 1948's "Now Is the Hour" proved his last number one hit, the lack of chart success proved to be a boon: Crosby now had the time to concentrate on album-oriented projects and collaborations with other vocalists and name bands, definitely a more enjoyable venture than singing pop hits of the day on his radio show, ad nauseam. Inspired by the '50s adult-oriented album concepts of Frank Sinatra (who had no doubt been inspired by Bing in no small way), Crosby began to record his most well-received records in ages, as Bing Sings Whilst Bregman Swings (1956) and Bing With a Beat (1957) returned him to the hot jazz he had loved and performed back in the 1930s. His recording and film schedule began to slow in the 1960s, though he recorded several LPs for United Artists during the mid-'70s (one with Fred Astaire) and returned to active performance during 1976-1977. While golfing in Spain on October 14, 1977, Bing Crosby collapsed and died of a heart attack. ~ John Bush, Rovi
full bio

Selected Discography

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Track List: The Golden Years of Bing Crosby

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Track List: Bing His Legendary Years 1931 - 1957

Disc 1
Disc 2
Disc 3
Disc 4

Comments

very good.
White Christmas was his best. :)
I LOVE YOU BING!!!!
Ron,
I first met Bing in Seattle in 1957, pure luck. I'd only arrived a few days earlier from Australia. Bing was interested in what I was doing etc. then he asked if I was going to LA and I said 'yes'. He told me to go see his brother.
In England in the 60's and 70's I rang his hotel and he answered the phone. Then one day I left some info on my golf club and asked if he had time to golf. A couple of. Hours later my phone rang at the office. I answered 'hello' and the voice at the other end sai
supervee56
love it
How does Bing Crosby end up on my 60's & 70's Classic Rock station ?
His christmas stuff is the best
wow
brett756
He was a master of the art of understateme n t and normalcy. Gotta love Bing.
jmpope0
Don't read this because it actually works. You will be kissed on the nearest Friday by the love of your life. Tomorrow will be the best day of your life. However if you don't post this you will die in 2 days. Now you've started reading so don't stop. This is so scary put this on at least 5 songs in 143 minutes when done press f6 and your lover's name will appear on the screen in big letters this is so scary because it actually works!
I love. You
the first to Phrase his singing? I think not.
Love love love Bing Crosby.
Thank You holy God for all your children and bing Crosby.



God bless
Bing is one of the greats
:) good old 50's wasn't alive then by a long-shot but still great
Bing Crosby. I love him, he's the best.
He's a good actor and singer
Like his singing very much
Derbingle might've had a killer voice, but he had a killer attitude toward his family: beating up a spouse and children who later committed suicide. I suppose that's par for the coarse as it seems lots of famous folks have very disfunctiona l families, and cause them endless grief with their endless abuse. Check out the film Mommie Dearest. My own mom is a very well known matriarch of a ton of charities and she was violent and short tempered as the day is long. Heard similar stories elsewhere
pbcardi51
Not a word about Bob Scobey? He had a great band!
Apple for the teacher one of my faves and bing also one if fave singers
I just melt when I hear him.
flengiveahoo t
Bingo is lovely- he had the voice of an angel and a beautiful heart. How I wish I could've met him..
rhondanieren b e r g 5
Wow havent heard this in eons...love it..Great page ..merge...je l i o u s a p p l e s . . . W h o is the mystery Man .in my fate..anyone ?
mother nature's son-- still one of the best
smooth, pleasant, low key, very, very nice
its a real pitty there isnt a bio here:(
dreamsinthel o w l i g h t s
Let's not forget that good ol' Bing was quite abusive to the children of his first marriage, two of whom apparently committed suicide later in life. But apart from that depressing trivia (which has probably earned him a welcome seat in Purgatoria), I can agree that his voice is as smooth and warming as can be, especially with a light buzz 'round X-Mas time. Anyone else for a chill drapery of snow?
mariongttmnn
Mr.Crosby has been gone 35 yrs. however I believe he is now in Heaven
bring all of God's Angles so much happiness with his God given talent
with beautiful song With all gifts given by our Creator.

My personal opinion'

Marion Marshall Guttmann

If you have time please log on to my Poetry Site at.

WWW.POETRYPO E M . C O M / P O E T R Y 3 8 7 8

Sincerely,

Marion Marshall Guttmann ------- Poet --------
Nice song
I remember Bing at his Golf Tournament in Pebble Beach, CA. in the '50's and 60's. Great Fun.
NIZZZE, REAL NIZZZE!
I remember laying on the floor in front of the radio and listening to him sing ............ . . good memories
Bing you were the greatest crooner evr!
Favorite singer of all time.
I wish I could sing baritone as easily as him...
This man is nothing short of amazing, his works are priceless, love his voice so much. I just wish he was still around ;/
wow Bing could have sung the phone book and it would have sounded great.
mariongttmnn
Bing Crosby was the one who filled our home with hope during the Great Depression and I am honored to put my little poem site here along side of his name log on too: WWW.POETRYPO E M . C O M / P O E T R Y 3 8 7 8
God bless all of you,.

Marion
splinters435 4 3
as a kid i listened to his radio shows. have always liked to listen to derbingle
warnold88
On the battle of the baratones he could not be touched until Sinatra came into his own
shammonds8
A real crooner. Absolutely, and without a doubt, the best.
Bing is the BEST of the BEST, and always will be.
Too bad Bing beat the CRAP outta his wife and girl. good entertainer though
Did he sing a somg ny the Title of ( Walk Me By The River)?
LOVE YA BING!!!!!!!! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
Me and my grandpa would sit on the couch and listen to all of this genius' songs... Thank you grandpa for showing me what true music is :)
he was the great one, bing crosby!
My TV went blank. Lamp wore out. So decided to use my PC. Unbelievable . Born 1929, discovered this new radio media. I'm young again. I simply started with Bing Crosby and boy did that ever work. My old brain is singing right along. All these artists of my own youth. Actually, I didn't like Frank Sinatra. Driving to work so many years later, That's Life came on the car radio. Who was that? Well, my brand new Frank Sinatra.
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